Chapter 1 How Food Affects Life Part 1 The Importance of Food Objectives Explain how the search for food led to the development of civilization. Use the steps of the decision-making process to make food choices.
Describe how food relieves hunger and improves wellness. Outline cultural, social, and psychological influences on food choices. List factors that affect the food supply. See final slide for photo credit The History of Food Early people searched
for food to survive. People formed tribes to hunt together. Farming and herding evolved and the food became more reliable. People learned crafts and trading began. The Migration of Food People searched for food in distant places.
Explorers introduced foods in new lands. European countries established colonies and empires grew. What foods do you eat that came from other countries? Making Choices About Foods How often do you ask yourself such questions as:
What should I eat? When should I eat? Where should I eat? The Decision-Making Process 1. State the decision to be made. 2. List your alternatives. 3. Weigh the pros and cons of each alternative. 4. Make a decision and
act on it. 5. Evaluate your decision. Apply It! Your family is expecting dinner in 30 minutes, and its your turn to cook. There are some chicken breasts in the refrigerator. Use the steps of the decision-making process to determine what you will serve for dinner.
Food Meets Physical Needs Food Provides energy energy for muscle movement substance to build and repair tissues Food Relieves Hunger When you eat, your brain receives a message that your physical need for
food has been met. When do you usually feel hungry? Food Improves Wellness Food helps you grow and develop physically manage mental stress feel strong and energetic in social
relationships Cultural Influences on Food Choices National origin Religion Holidays Italian German Sauerkraut
Sausages Potato Pancakes Spanish Chinese Stir-fried Meats and Vegetables Oranges
Wheat Olives Figs Native American Pumpkin Pie Baked Squash Corn on the Cob Roasted Turkey Dutch Coleslaw
Cookies Waffles Pastas Tomato Sauces Mexican Tortillas Refried beans African American Tamales Flan
Hush Puppies Fried Okra Sweet Potato Pie Social Influences on Food Choices Family
Friends Mass media Food product trends Psychological Influences on Food Choices Memories of experiences involving foods can affect your food choices. Would the experience pictured here create a pleasant memory or an unpleasant memory for
you? How might this memory affect your desire to eat ice cream in the future. Factors That Affect the Food Supply Agriculture affects the costs and availability of foods. Environment affects what crops grow best in a given region.
Government and Economics Government policies and laws affect food production, processing, packaging, and transportation. The economic law of consumer supply and demand affects the variety and prices of foods offered for sale.
Technology Affects the Food Supply Nutrient content Availability Safety What new food products have you seen on the market as a result of technology? The End
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