Penn State Performance Management: Step One: Setting Goals
Penn State Performance Management: Step One: Setting Goals and Expectations Adobe Connect Seminar for Supervisors Presenter: Stephanie Flanagan [email protected]; 814-867-6436 Summer 2017 Todays session will help you to: Gain understanding of effective performance management and recognize its importance and benefits Identify your role and responsibilities related to performance management, starting with setting goals and expectations with your direct report(s) Learn the best practices of goal setting 4 Q: What is Performance Management? A: The process of setting expectations, aligning goals, assessing results, and focusing on staff development through ongoing conversations between managers and their direct report(s). Setting Expectations Goals and Objectives Goal Alignment The process of discussing what is expected from an employee in terms of job roles and responsibilities Desired results each employee aims to achieve, determined based on conversations between managers and
employees Process of ensuring individual goals support the achievement of department goals and department goals support the achievement of University goals Assessment Performance Calibration Feedback and Development Review of goals, objectives, and other factors, and the determination of the level of successful achievement Process in which supervisors and managers at the same level in an organization discuss staff performance ratings and outcomes to ensure ratings and development messages are applied consistently across the University Focus of the conversations between managers and employees in determining strengths, opportunities for improvement, and how to grow and develop Performance management is not just a once-a-year conversation. It impacts staff over their entire career at Penn State. 5
Effective Performance Management Involves Everyone! Employee: I own the process. Supervisor: I partner in the process. Leader: I champion the process. Human Resources: I support the process. 6 Guiding Principles for Effective Performance Management Should be an ongoing process of setting expectations, executing plans and evaluating results. Expectations should be explicit and mutually understood. Engagement is increased when people are involved in planning the work. How work gets accomplished is as important as what gets accomplished. Regular, honest feedback increases understanding and positive performance. 7 Performance Management Cycle: April 1, 2017- March 31, 2018 (End-of-Year Activities: April & May 2018) STEP ONE: Setting Goals & Expectations (Use PDF Goal Setting Worksheet)
STEP TWO: Mid-Year Check-In (Use PDF Conversation Tracker) STEP THREE: End-of-Year Review (Use Workday) Ongoing Conversations between staff members and their supervisors throughout the year; Goal setting document available to track progress and record conversation highlights Staff member meets with supervisor to discuss expectations and set 2-5 goals for the 2017-18 performance management cycle Staff member captures the agreed upon goals in the goal setting worksheet Staff member reviews Job Responsibility Worksheet in online tool (and updates, if applicable); supervisor reviews and approves in online tool Review goals and progress (make adjustments as needed)
Check-in re: expectations and acknowledgement of successes and challenges Optional: staff member and supervisor obtain feedback from others (e.g., peers, customers, etc.) Supervisor reviews and summarizes performance feedback for staff member in Workday Peer supervisors conduct ratings calibration meetings (two levels) LEADERS HR Strategic Partners provide leadership teams performance results from the previous year Leadership teams meet to discuss ratings and agree on norms; norms are shared with staff members during the goal setting process Recommended Timing: June 1 August 31, 2017
6 Recommended Timing: November 1- December 31, 2017 PREPARATION: Staff member completes self-evaluation in Workday DELIVERY: Staff member meets with supervisor to discuss end-of-year review and receive an overall rating of their performance; acknowledgement of meeting occurs in Workday Staff member and supervisor begin to discuss next years goals and development opportunities Recommended Timing: April 1- May 15, 2018 Program Components CONTENT AREA EXAMPLES 1. Job Responsibilities What is Done What are the most critical tasks and activities I
am responsible for day-to-day? Assist department head in administration of department procedures and programs 2. Annual Goals What is Done What do we need to accomplish this year in order to support my departments goals? Transition all budget records from old to new tracking system by March 31, 2017 What specific competencies and behaviors will help me accomplish my job responsibilities and achieve my goals for this year? Communication: Fosters open dialogue and actively listens to others in order to build and maintain effective and respectful working relationships throughout the university 3. Competencies & Behaviors How it is done 4. Values & Compliance How it is done 9 FOCUS
I have read and understand the PSU Values and my obligations under AD88: Code of Responsible Conduct. AND I understand my compliance obligations and have completed the associate required compliance training(s) for my position. Completion of Reporting Child Abuse Training; Clery Act Training; Safety Training, etc. Ratings Scale The new three-rating scale is simple to communicate and allows for honest communication of employee effectiveness while maintaining flexibility to differentiate performance Performance is based around expectation; therefore, these ratings can be applied to individuals with any length of service at Penn State PERFORMANCE RATINGS FOR INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS Rating Successful Exceptional Needs Improvement Description Demonstrates the appropriate level of knowledge and/or skills. Performs effectively and consistently. Achieves goal targets Demonstrates and applies exceptional level of knowledge and skills. Consistently excels. Significant achievement relative to goals Demonstrates a lack of knowledge and/or skills. Does not perform consistently. Does not achieve goals Illustrative Example Sets goal to cut department expenses by 10%, cuts by 8-12%
Sets goal to cut department expenses by 10%, cuts by over 12% Sets goal to cut department expenses by 10%, cuts by less than 8% PERFORMANCE RATINGS FOR OVERALL EVALUATION Rating Successful Contributor Description Consistently proficient in individual evaluation components; may be strong in several areas. Meets goals and job requirements; consistently demonstrates competencies & behaviors Exceptional Contributor Consistently strong in the majority, if not all, individual evaluation components. Exceeds goals and job requirements; goes above and beyond to demonstrate behaviors Needs improvement in most individual evaluation components. Does not meet goals and fails to satisfy job requirements; does not demonstrate competencies & behaviors Needs Improvement 8 Illustrative Example Viewed as Successful on most goals, job responsibilities, competencies & behaviors; may be Exceptional in several areas; may receive a few Needs Improvement ratings on individual goals/behaviors Viewed as Exceptional on almost, if not all, goals, behaviors, and job responsibilities; Successful in
remaining program components Receives a Needs Improvement on a majority of goals, job responsibilities, competencies & behaviors; may be Successful in a few areas Setting Goals and Expectations: A Collaboration Your Role as Supervisor Your Employees Role 1. Clearly communicate expectations re: job responsibilities and competencies (skills) and behaviors 1. Understand how their role aligns with division and department goals, and participate actively in setting expectations 2. Communicate how individual goals align with department and organization goals 2. Work with you to set clear, measurable performance goals 3. Help your employees set clear, measurable 3. Monitor their own performance compared to expectations performance goals 4. Offer advice and guidance regarding your employees performance on a consistent, on-going basis 9 4. Seek advice and guidance as needed from you Setting Goals and Expectations Discuss and Document Job Responsibilities
a. Discuss with your direct report their role and job responsibilities and work together to ensure that their JRW is accurate. Starts with a conversation around your direct reports Job Responsibilities Worksheet (JRW), a useful tool for managing performance; serves as an negotiated agreement between you and your employee. The JRW includes: Summary of the position Key job responsibilities Required competencies Supervisory responsibility (if applicable) Unit peers (if applicable) 12 Setting Goals and Expectations Discuss Expectations b. Discuss with your direct report any expectations you have regarding HOW they get their work done. Job Responsibility Expectation Manage supply inventory for upcoming on- and off-campus events Maintain methodology/process for tracking available inventory Inform appropriate staff when supplies are running low in order to replenish supplies before they are needed Monitor supply delivery to ensure timely ordering and receipt of supplies for events Compile event status reports
for the group on a quarterly basis Ensure data contained in reports is 100% accurate Deliver reports to the group no later than 2 weeks after each quarter ends Monitor expenditures against events budget Update supervisor bi-weekly on expense activity versus budget Alert staff when their expenses are close to the budget levels 13 Setting Goals and Expectations Review University and department goals Discuss how your direct report can support the University and ensure goal alignment Institutional Institutional Strategy Strategy and and Goals Goals Mission, Mission, Strategy, Strategy, and and Goals Goals Open Open and and Clear Clear Communication Communication of of Institutional Institutional Strategic Strategic Plan Plan and
and its its Impact Impact on on Colleges/Units/Departments Colleges/Units/Departments College, College, Unit, Unit, and and Department Department Strategies Strategies and and Goals Goals College/Unit/Department College/Unit/Department Plans Plans and and Goals Goals in in Support Support of of Institution Institution Goals Goals Open Open and and Clear Clear Communication Communication of of College/Unit/Departmental College/Unit/Departmental Strategic Strategic Plan Plan and and its its Impact Impact on on
Teams and Individuals Teams and Individuals Individual Individual and and Team Team Goals Goals Individual Individual and and Team Team Goals Goals Individual Individual and and Team Team Goals Goals Annual goals linked to College/Unit/Department goals clearly articulate: 1. What to achieve this year and 2. How success will be measured 14 Setting Goals and Draft individual goals: Help your employee identify 2-5 goals for the Expectations upcoming year/cycle. At least one goal should support department/unit
goals and one goal should support ongoing job responsibilities/professional development. If your employee is a supervisor, a goal should be set that directly links to that part of their role. Goals may be accomplished over several years. Your employee will document the following for each goal: Goal description Action steps to achieve goal Metrics/what success looks like Required resources Target completion date 15 Setti ng Goal s and Expe Strive for SMART goals! ctati ons Example If the focus is to reduce department expenses A Good Start: Draft Goal Lower department expenses. If the focus is on an IT project Complete new system implementation. 16
A Strong Finish: SMART Goal Reduce department expenses by at least 1%-2% versus previous fiscal year by following the new purchasing process for lab supplies. Complete and implement the new ERP system by February 1, 2018 through effective collaboration across IT functions and cross-functional teams. Avoid Common Pitfalls S P I T 17 Pitfall: Too many goals Limit the number of annual goals to 2 5 to ensure focus on the most important results Pitfall: Unclear accountability Clarify who is accountable for achieving the goalespecially important in teams or where work is highly interrelated Pitfall: Unclear expected results or measures Clearly describe the qualities or measures of
the expected results to reduce ambiguity Effective Performance Management Helps Us to: Target critical talent for development and retention Execute strategy by prioritizing and aligning goals and objectives Improve performance of groups and individuals Make better pay decisions based on performance and desired results Identify top performers to develop a succession plan Source: Sibson Consulting 18 Step One: Setting Goals and Expectations Immediate Next Steps 1. Encourage your employees to attend a Setting Goals and Expectations training session. 2. Meet with your employee (s) to review their Job Responsibilities Worksheet (JRW) and to identify 2-5 goals that they will work towards achieving by March 31, 2018. 3. After your meeting, your direct report will update their JRW in the JRW online tool and submit it for your approval. Your employee will also complete the Goal Setting Worksheet (pdf) and share it with you. 4. Goals will be reviewed formally during the Mid-Year Check In and then will be rated as part of the End-of-Year Review. Use the Performance Management Conversation Tracker (pdf) on a regular basis to record the on-going conversations you are having with your direct reports around their progress towards goal achievement, professional development and examples of strong performance and/or challenges. 19
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