Anne Hathaway and William Shakespeare Anne Hathaway married
Anne Hathaway and William Shakespeare Anne Hathaway married William Shakespeare, the famous poet and playwright, in 1582 at the age of 26. They had three children, Susanna, Hamnet and Judith, but very little is known about the details of their life together. It is thought that Shakespeare makes reference to Anne Hathaway in some of his sonnets. Anne Hathaway lived for seven years after the death of her husband. The History of the Sonnet The sonnet form became popular early during the Renaissance when Italian poet Petrarch used fourteen- line lyric poems to express his love for Laura, an idealized woman.
Petrarchan sonnets are written in iambic pentameter ten syllables in each line and an accent (stress) on every other syllable. The sonnets are divided into two main parts: the octave and the sestet. Shakespeare and the Sonnet During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the sonnet was the form of choice for poets looking to explores themes of love and romance. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets. Shakespearean sonnets are split into four parts: three quatrains and a couplet. Anne Hathaway by Carol
Ann Duffy This poem is written in the form of a sonnet. Duffy adopts the persona of Shakespeares wife, and the choice of sonnet form is a way for Hathaway to honour the memory of her husband, suggesting the love they shared. Anne Hathaway by Carol Anne Duffy Background and Narrative Voice: Anne Hathaway was Shakespeare's wife. Shakespeare left for her in his will their second best bed. While a lot of Shakespeare scholars assume that this was a sign that Shakespeare didn't love her, Duffy interprets the will differently in the poem. The second best bed in "Anne Hathaway" is a symbol of love and devotion.
Form: Duffy's Anne Hathaway is a sonnet spoken in the voice of Anne Hathaway. Because Duffy imagines the speaker as one distinct character, we can call this poem a dramatic monologue. Anne Hathaway is written in the form of a sonnet. It follows the most basic sonnet rule in that it has fourteen lines. However, it breaks a lot of rules. It has no formal rhyme scheme and its meter isnt always exactly iambic pentameter. Anne Hathaway by Carol Anne Duffy Form (continued): Why does the speaker (Hathaway) choose to narrate her thoughts in the form of a sonnet? -Perhaps as a tribute to her lost husband who devoted his life to producing sonnets and poetry? -To represent her love for him? Remember that the sonnet is often associated with the theme of love. -To help create a realistic speaking voice? The rhythm involved in iambic pentameter if often said to mimic natural
speaking voice. -Perhaps the fact that it is not a perfect sonnet is a tribute in itself. It is as if Hathaway is saying to her late husband that only he is capable of creating a perfect sonnet. Anne Hathaway by Carol Anne Duffy Theme: The main themes/ ideas in the poem are: -Love -Loss/ Death -Literature/ Writing Duffy gets us to question the judgements we make on first impressions. Past tense represents Hathaways loss
This metaphor represents Hathaway and Shakespeares relationship spinning has connotations of dizziness and excitement while world emphasises the idea that they meant everything to one another. The fact that this spinning world was their bed implies their close intimate relationship. Item I gyve unto my wife my second best bed The bed we loved in was a spinning world of forests, castles, torchlight, clifftops, seas hehave would divewhich for pearls. Allwhere these words
connotations imply something about their relationship. Be imaginative in your response: forests: something to be explored, adventure?; castles: romance, fairytales; torchlight: idea of the unknown an exciting relationship?; clifftops, seas: romance and adventure/ dive for pearls again suggests the excitement in their relationship. It suggests adventure and that their relationship was filled with treasures. Metaphor comparing Shakespeares language to stars (imagery that Shakespeare used himself in his most famous play about love!). Suggests that his language was heavenly, otherwordly, celestial, beautiful for everyone to see. Enjambment draws out attention to lovers words
emphasising the importance of Shakespeares language My lover's words were shooting stars which fell to earth as kisses on these lips; my body now a softer rhyme to his, now echo, assonance; his touch Sibilance and assonance: soft a verb dancing of a noun. Extended metaphor: Closenessin of the centre sounds throughout the sonnet reflect
physical relationship compared with poetic techniques. my body to his suggests closeness/ mutual understanding/ that they know each other intimately. his touch a verb dancing in the centre of a noun personification of verb suggesting the energy/ excitement their intimacy brought . the sensual nature of the relationship. Word choice: softer rhyme echo add to this feeling Metaphor comparing his words to kisses. Suggests Shakespeare spoke affectionately/ lovingly to Hathaway. earth intimate nature of his poetry. Metaphor: Hathaway compares herself to one of Shakespeares sonnets written
through their passionate exchanges. It is almost as if she is his inspiration. She doesnt just inspire him to create great literature she actually becomes part of it. Some nights, I dreamed hed written me, the bed A page beneath his writers hands. Romance And drama played by touch, by scent, by Word choice: Different taste. Word choice: Again, Duffy combines Shakespeares literature with his relationship with Hathaway. A sense of excitement and passion in their relationship is suggested.
senses appealed to indicating again the passion and sensual nature of their relationship. Metaphor: Hathaway imagines the guests in the next room, dribbling their prose, whilst herself and her husband create poetry and drama. There is the sense that others relationships lack the passion and excitement of Shakey and Hathaway. Dribbling implies something dull, clumsy, unattractive, while they enjoy a relationship filled with drama, romance and is overwhelming in that it gives every sense pleasure. In the other bed, the best, our guests dozed on, dribbling their prose. Repetition of soft l sound:
Reflects the poetic beauty of their relationship (contrasts on the same line with dribbling their prose) My living laughing loveI hold him in the casket of my widows head as he held me upon that next best bed. Imagery (metaphor): Rather than being buried or cremated, Hathaway keeps Shakespeare alive in her mind/ imagination. This can be seen as a further tribute to Shakespeares own imagination/ creativity. It also indicates that only Hathaway ever truly knew her husband.
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