Genesis and the Biblical World View John Oakes

Genesis and the Biblical World View John Oakes

Genesis and the Biblical World View John Oakes Detroit, 2/18/2011 You Are Invited Also Apologetics Research Society Presents Certificate Program in Christian Apologetics Classes on DVD For information: [email protected]

An Outline of the Bible: Genesis 1: Who is God? Genesis 2: Who is man? Genesis 3 & 4 The problem of sin. Genesis 5-Revelation 22 The solution. Genesis 1 and World View Who is God? Genesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Genesis 1:31 God saw all that he had made and it was very good. If Genesis 1:1 is true, then animism, polytheism, pantheism, dualism, naturalism, deism, postmodernism and every other ism is false. World View

One's world view is the perspective one uses to process and interpret information received about the world. James W. Sire put it this way, "A world view is a set of presuppositions (ie. assumptions) which we hold about the basic makeup of our world."

A Jain World View James W. Sire, The Universe Next Door (InterVarsity Press, 1997) A Good World View Defined A. It is true. It is consistent with reality. It works.

B. It answers satisfactorily the questions people really want answered. What is prime reality/the ultimate cause/the nature of God?) What is my value as a human being? What happens to a person at death? How do we know what is right and wrong? What is my purpose? What is the nature of my relationship, with the "prime reality?" C. It causes those who hold to it to be better people than they would otherwise have been if they held to competing alternative world views.

The Hard Questions Evil: What is Evil and Why is There Evil Why is There Suffering? The Problem of Justice

The Problem of Sin. The Problem of Death. The Important Questions Why am I here? Is that the right thing to do? How valuable am I? Does God exist? Does God act (theism)?

Will that God respond if I pray? Do supernatural events (miracles) happen? The Christian World View According to Genesis 1-4: 1. The physical world is: a. real b. created out of nothing (ex nihilo) and c. essentially good. 2. There exists an unseen spiritual reality which is not limited to or defined by the physical reality. Human beings have a spiritual aspect to their nature. 3. The creator of both the physical and spiritual realm is the God who reveals himself in the Bible.

4. Human beings have both a physical and a spiritual nature, The spiritual nature is more essential as it is eternal. 5. God is not easily defined but he can be characterized by certain qualities. God is a person. God is love, God is just, God is holy, God is omniscient, omnipotent and omnipresent. The Christian World View (cont.) 6. Although all Gods creation, including the physical world is good, evil does exist. Such evil is the result of freedom of will given to created beings and their subsequent decision to use that freedom to rebel--to sin 7. Because of Gods justice and his holiness, those who

choose to rebel against him will ultimately be judged and separated from God for eternity. 8. The solution to evil, to sin and its eternal consequences is provided by God through the atoning substitutionary sacrifice of Jesus Christ. All of this is found in Genesis 1-4 Competing World Views Naturalism

Postmodernism: No World View Deism Pantheism Animism/Polytheism

Dualism Biblical Theism A Question: Who reaches out to whom? Initiative Human approach

God Mankind Truth God Mankind Works Salvation: Man reaches out to God.

Salvation by Grace: God reaches out to man. Islam Judaism Hinduism Christianity Jaina Sikkhism

Gnosticism New Age Buddhism? The Christian World View Is True The Universe is Real The creation is good.

Evil exists. Despite what Naturalists say, there is a spiritual reality. For example, I exist. Consciousness is not simply an epiphenomenon. Science and the Christian world view do not contradict.

Christian World View Answers the Big Questions How did I get here? Why am I here? Where am I going?

Why are human beings able to comprehend the universe? Why is there pain and suffering and evil in the world? Christianity Offers Solutions to the Big Problems of Human Beings

The Problem of Sin (the substitutionary death of Jesus) Romans 7:24,25 The Problem of Suffering (compassion) Matthew 9:35-36 The Problem of Death 1 Corinthians 15:54-56

Genesis Chapter One: Creation Young Earth Theory Earth is young and science supports this conclusion. Earth is young because God created it with an appearance of age.

Day/Age Theory Gap Theory A huge gap of time between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 Its all just a myth Each view has its problems A Quick Summary of Genesis One: a. God pre-existed the universe b. God created the universe: Let there be light c. God created the earth d. God created life e. Last of all, God created mankind

A More Detailed Summary of Genesis One From the Viewpoint of an Observer on the Earth: a. The earth created and is spinning: night and day. Day 1 b. Water covers earth, Very thick atmosphere forms. Day 2 c. The earth cools, land appears out of the water. Day 3 d. Life appears on the earth. Day 3 e. (Photosynthetic life dramatically changes the chemistry of the atmosphere from reducing to

oxidizing.) f. Finally, the heavenly objects appeared in the sky Day 4 g. More advanced life forms; first in the water, later on the land Day 5 h. Even more advanced life forms. Last of all human Is Genesis 1:1 a Myth? Yes! It is a true myth. A myth is a simplified story, given to explain the gods (or God) to common people.

Creation Myths Babylonian Creation Myth Egyptian Creation Myth

Primeval ocean Nun from which arrises a Primeval hill. Greek Creation Myth Primeval swamp. Marduk kills Tiamat. Blood + mud = humans Prometheus and Epimetheus form clay molds. Earth supported by Atlas.

Iroquois Creation Myth Enigorio and Enigohahetgea: Good and evil brothers battle Babylonian Creation Myth: Marduk kills Tiamat Egyptian Creation Myth Iroquois Creation Myth: Enigorio and Enigohahetgea Battling the

Ronnongwetowanca (Stone Giants) Is the Metaphorical Day a Reasonable Interpretation? Pre-Science Theologians Who Said Yes. Philo 1st century Origen early 3rd century

Augustine early 5th century Thomas Aquinas 13th century Translations of yom in the Old Testament (NIV)

1181 times as day (but with several different connotations of the word, some not being literal) Isaiah 4:2 In that day the Branch of the Lord will be beautiful 67 times as time 30 times as today 18 times as forever

10 times as continuously 6 times as age 4 times as life 2 times as perpetually Genesis 2 Who is man? Created in Gods image. Created to know God and to be known by him.

Created for relationships Genesis 2:18 Given everything, including free will. Genesis 2:15-17 Adam and Eve are us! Genesis 3 & 4

The Problem Genesis 3:6 The fruit was desirable. Adam and Eve are us in this sense as well. Genesis 3:15 God will provide a solution: Jesus.

Genesis 4:1-16 their children 4:6 For us, sin is crouching at your door; it desires to have you, but you must master it. Things did not improve with Genesis 5-8 Things get even worse (But God has a plan to save us

from our sin) Gen 6:6 The Lord was grieved that he had made man on the earth, and his heart was filled with pain. The world was judged (2 Peter 3:5-9), but Noah and his family were saved.

We are Noah and his family!!! (1 Peter 3:2022) The Flood: Genesis 6-8 Explanations of the Flood Just an unfounded myth. Worldwide flood.

With a scientific explanation A unique and completely miraculous event Local flood Did all this happen in a single, cataclysmic flood? Can an opening of the fountains of the deep explain the flood?

Ancient Cultures With Flood Stories

Hindus Burma (Myanmar) New Guinea Aborigines of Australia New Zealand Iroquoi Incas Aztecs Greeks Babylonians Sumerians

Celts Hottentots (Southern Africa) Common Elements 1. The flood a judgment. 2. Massive or world wide in effect. 3. Some humans saved from this flood and

repopulate the earth. The Bible and the Flood New Testament writers clearly believe this was a historical event. Matthew 24:38-39 It happened as judgment for sin 2 Peter 3:6-7

It is a prefigure of final judgment It is a miracle, not a natural eventlike the fire which will destroy the world Belief in the flood based chiefly on faith in the Bible, certainly not on science.

Genesis 12-50 Salvation by faith. Genesis 12-22 God chooses a man of faith through whom to bring the Messiah. Romans 4:16 Abraham is the father of us all (who are saved by leaving everything to follow God into the Promised Land)

Genesis 23-50 God prepares a people through whom to send the Messiah. One of the Ebla Tablets about 2100 BC Nahor, Terug, Abram, Sarai Haran Ruins In Mesopotamian Plane Near Sanli Urfa, Turkey The Five City League, including Sodom and Gomorrah Genesis 14:2

Ruins at Bab ed-Dhra (Sodom)

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