After Modernity Fall 2010 Outline Marx, Weber, Durkheims
After Modernity Fall 2010 Outline Marx, Weber, Durkheims subject matter Grand Theory Science, structuralism, Principia, Taylorism, Fordism Contra-Grand Theory
Conflict Self-contradiction Incompleteness and impossibility theorems Post-modern Theories From Pre-Modernity to Modernity Rational, calculation,
universalism, innovation, science, planning, problem solving, systems, control, society Tradition, convention, prejudice,
superstition Scenes of horror, that we may never forget From Pre-Modernity to Modernity Rational, calculation, universalism, innovation, science,
planning, problem solving, systems, control, society Tradition, convention, prejudice, superstition
No foundation internal contradictions same as it ever was Limits of Reason
Social constructionism Garbage can theory Bounded rationality Anxiety of influence (Bloom) Bricolage (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bricolage)
Dichotomy View Modern Postmodern Necessity (natural and social laws) Contingency or chance
Universality (across time and space) Locality and the particular (can only know own experience) Certainty and predictability Uncertainty and provisionality
Truth and reality Critique of tradition-bound analysis Transparency or understandability Undecidability Order of nature and structures
Ambivalence of human design After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm after Bauman p.398 Four Issues
Identity Politics Differences Reflexivity After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Identity
From: social world can be modeled as individuals in groups with both individuals and groups having stable identity I/me, the Germans, women, the poor To: identity as not unambiguously defined, shifting over time, generally unstable. Local circumstances and experiences important in shaping these identities. Thus: class, ethnic groups, or status groups may not exist Theories based on them may not be useful Shared situation (class, race) may be construct imposed by theorists
After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Politics From: left-right spectrum, politics as collective action problem who gets what when and how? To: Perhaps collective action, social movements, and directed social change are impossible. Radical relativism Everything is power
Politics, since it assumes concept of right, is pointless After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Differences FROM: lumping and splitting TO: rejection of metanarratives Reject grand theory, dont try to explain all of society Focus on variety of experiences of individuals and groups Emphasize differences over common experiences.
World is fragmented, disordered, unstable and not understandable on a large scale Interpret texts, but never impose your interpretation on others After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Reflexivity FROM: reflection (and reflection on reflection) can yield knowledge/truth about the world TO: reflection only reveals the conditions of itself
Social science, philosophy, etc. created possibility of knowledge of social world. Models can represent the natural and social world. More and more it is difficult to distinguish images of reality from the reality itself (TV, sampling, marketing) After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm full of sound and fury
and signifying what? or after all that, can we still do theory? Embrace the Dualities Structure and Agency Making history but not from whole cloth Langue and Parole
Structure and Agency Marx : The Eighteenth Brummaire Man makes his own history, but he does not make it out of the whole cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of such as he finds close at hand. The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living. And just as they seem to be occupied with revolutionizing themselves and things, creating something that did
not exist before, precisely in such epochs of revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure up the spirits of the past to their service, borrowing from them names, battle slogans, and costumes in order to present this new scene in world history in time-honored disguise and borrowed language. Langue & Parole La langue is the whole system of language (spelling, grammar, syntax, vocabulary, etc.)
that precedes and makes speech possible. Signs are the basic units of langue. Parole is the actual use of language, the practical utterances of everyday people. Destinations Giddens/Bourdieu Structuration duality fields embedded agency
Collins Confict theory POMO practicalis dialectics and tensions, sociology of knowledge, networks, global flows of knowledge and capitals POMO extremis re-particularization, impossibility of theorizing
Computational Social Science Emergence, self-organizing systems OUTTAKES The structural in post-structural Everything depends on everything else Presence of absence
All the words not used word utterance Rest of the All the
words not used Marx
Capitalism is different Us vs. them dynamic seeds of its own destruction dehumanizing Weber
Chaitanya Swamy Description: APPROX talk. Last modified by: Chaitanya Swamy Created Date: 9/17/2001 2:20:07 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company: Dept. of Computer Science, Cornell University Other titles
Take one color-coded post-it for each question, write the question # in the corner. 2. Write a number between 0-100 on each post-it in increments of 10. 3. Do not share responses "Consensogram" Questions Please respond on a scale of...
DICHOTOMOUS KEY A dichotomous key is an identification tool that uses paired statements to assist a person in learning the identity of an object. A dichotomous key is a listing of characteristics, such as structure and behavior, organized in such...
Peer Review - an Australian Blair Comley General Manager Business Tax Division Treasury Three aspects of peer review Peer Learning Peer Support Peer Pressure Peer Learning Learning in both directions Need to understand the issues ECB versus the Fed Requires...
Professional Learning Community Among English Teachers at University Level: A Case Study . ... 5 Elements of PLC. Shared norms and values . ... Professional Learning Community Among English Teachers At University Level: A Case Study From A Major University...
Terms. Meaning. appendix. A small, finger-like mass of lymphoid tissue attached to the first part of the large intestine. lymph. The thin plasma-like fluid that drains from the tissues and is transported in lymphatic vessels (root: lymph/o) lymph node
Smith-Hughes Act: helped establish vocational schools for youth ... Malcolm X preached black separatism. Race riots in Los Angeles, Detroit, and Newark. ... An aide to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Executive director of the SCLC. In 1972, won...