After Modernity Fall 2010 Outline Marx, Weber, Durkheims

After Modernity Fall 2010 Outline  Marx, Weber, Durkheims

After Modernity Fall 2010 Outline Marx, Weber, Durkheims subject matter Grand Theory Science, structuralism, Principia, Taylorism, Fordism Contra-Grand Theory

Conflict Self-contradiction Incompleteness and impossibility theorems Post-modern Theories From Pre-Modernity to Modernity Rational, calculation,

universalism, innovation, science, planning, problem solving, systems, control, society Tradition, convention, prejudice,

superstition Scenes of horror, that we may never forget From Pre-Modernity to Modernity Rational, calculation, universalism, innovation, science,

planning, problem solving, systems, control, society Tradition, convention, prejudice, superstition

No foundation internal contradictions same as it ever was Limits of Reason

Social constructionism Garbage can theory Bounded rationality Anxiety of influence (Bloom) Bricolage (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bricolage)

Dichotomy View Modern Postmodern Necessity (natural and social laws) Contingency or chance

Universality (across time and space) Locality and the particular (can only know own experience) Certainty and predictability Uncertainty and provisionality

Truth and reality Critique of tradition-bound analysis Transparency or understandability Undecidability Order of nature and structures

Ambivalence of human design After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm after Bauman p.398 Four Issues

Identity Politics Differences Reflexivity After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Identity

From: social world can be modeled as individuals in groups with both individuals and groups having stable identity I/me, the Germans, women, the poor To: identity as not unambiguously defined, shifting over time, generally unstable. Local circumstances and experiences important in shaping these identities. Thus: class, ethnic groups, or status groups may not exist Theories based on them may not be useful Shared situation (class, race) may be construct imposed by theorists

After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Politics From: left-right spectrum, politics as collective action problem who gets what when and how? To: Perhaps collective action, social movements, and directed social change are impossible. Radical relativism Everything is power

Politics, since it assumes concept of right, is pointless After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Differences FROM: lumping and splitting TO: rejection of metanarratives Reject grand theory, dont try to explain all of society Focus on variety of experiences of individuals and groups Emphasize differences over common experiences.

World is fragmented, disordered, unstable and not understandable on a large scale Interpret texts, but never impose your interpretation on others After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm Reflexivity FROM: reflection (and reflection on reflection) can yield knowledge/truth about the world TO: reflection only reveals the conditions of itself

Social science, philosophy, etc. created possibility of knowledge of social world. Models can represent the natural and social world. More and more it is difficult to distinguish images of reality from the reality itself (TV, sampling, marketing) After http://uregina.ca/~gingrich/a400.htm full of sound and fury

and signifying what? or after all that, can we still do theory? Embrace the Dualities Structure and Agency Making history but not from whole cloth Langue and Parole

Structure and Agency Marx : The Eighteenth Brummaire Man makes his own history, but he does not make it out of the whole cloth; he does not make it out of conditions chosen by himself, but out of such as he finds close at hand. The tradition of all dead generations weighs like a nightmare on the brains of the living. And just as they seem to be occupied with revolutionizing themselves and things, creating something that did

not exist before, precisely in such epochs of revolutionary crisis they anxiously conjure up the spirits of the past to their service, borrowing from them names, battle slogans, and costumes in order to present this new scene in world history in time-honored disguise and borrowed language. Langue & Parole La langue is the whole system of language (spelling, grammar, syntax, vocabulary, etc.)

that precedes and makes speech possible. Signs are the basic units of langue. Parole is the actual use of language, the practical utterances of everyday people. Destinations Giddens/Bourdieu Structuration duality fields embedded agency

Collins Confict theory POMO practicalis dialectics and tensions, sociology of knowledge, networks, global flows of knowledge and capitals POMO extremis re-particularization, impossibility of theorizing

Computational Social Science Emergence, self-organizing systems OUTTAKES The structural in post-structural Everything depends on everything else Presence of absence

All the words not used word utterance Rest of the All the

words not used Marx

Capitalism is different Us vs. them dynamic seeds of its own destruction dehumanizing Weber

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