What is Sikhism Learning objectives To be able to understand the basic history of Sikhism To know what the five Ks are at the end of the lesson To understand what a Gurdwara is To understand the main Rites of passenger of Sikhs How did Sikhism begin?
Around 1500 CE Punjab area of South Asia (Now parts of India and Pakistan) Guru Nanak started teaching Sikhism At the time the
area was distinctly Hindu and Islamic What are the Gurus? There have been 10 human Gurus The Guru is seen as an enlightened teacher, not a God Each Guru would appoint his
successor The last human Guru (Guru Gobind Singh) appointed the Sikh sacred texts as the final and enduring Guru (Referred to as Sri Guru Granth Sahib) What are the 5 Ks? What do they Represent?
So what are the 5 Ks? The Khanda is made up by some of the 5 Ks.
This is called the Khanda. This Symbol represents some of the concepts of Sikhism.
What are the 5 Ks? The 5 Ks are objects that most Sikhs carry to represent different aspects of their religion. The reason they are called the 5 Ks is because the name of all 5 objects begin with a K. Sikhs who carry these 5 Ks are called Khalsa. Khalsa meaning pure. Both men and women can carry the 5 Ks.
Each one of the 5 Ks has a different significance, but they all just as important as each other. The 5 Ks are Kesh This applies for all body hair, women and men.
Hair is part of Gods creation, by having uncut hair it shows the acceptance of Gods gift. Kesh
means uncut hair. Uncut hair symbolizes holiness and strength.
Kara The Kara is worn on the right wrist. The Kara also represents restrained and not doing anything
against the Gurus wishes. The Kara is a steel bracelet. The Kara symbolizes eternity,
showing God has no beginning or end. Kachehra/Kaccha The Kachehra helps to stop one from
making the wrong moves, and remind them of their duty. The Kachehra should not go below the knees.
The Kachehra is a pair of underwear. The Kachehra symbolizes chastity.
Kanga It is important to look after Gods creation (our body).
The Kanga is used to brush the uncut hair, keeping it neat and tidy. The Kanga is a wooden
comb. The Kanga symbolizes a clean body and a clean mind. The rule is
never do injustice and never let anyone else do injustice The Kirpan symbolizes selfdefense, defense of God
and defense of the weak. Kirpan The Kirpan is a sword. The Kirpan represents
courage and defence. What are the Temples and its Procedures? What is the place of worship? The Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship. Gurdwara
means gateway to the guru. Services Services are based on the writings in the Guru Granth Sahib. A scripture of a collection of teachings. Together
with chants and prayers from the gurus known as keertan. Services The service ends with a shared meal known as langar. Langar is served to
everyone who attends the Gurdwara. The food is shared out by the Granthi, which is the person who looks after the Gurdwara. ites of Passage in Sikhis
What is a Nam Karan? When both the mother and child are ready to move about, they are taken to the Gurdwara along with the rest of the family. They recite hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib. Karah Prashad and Amrit are prepared. The new-born's name is chosen from the Hukam. The Granthi randomly opens a page from the
Guru Granth and recites the hymn on that page. The name is chosen by the first letter of the first word on that hymn. What is an Anand Karaj? A Sikh marriage is called Anand Karaj. The Guru Granth Sahib is present during the wedding ceremony. While reciting the Lavan the couple must walk
around the Guru Granth Sahib four times. Wedding ceremonies can be performed by any Sikhs who has gone through the Armit initiation. Sikhs believe in monogamy. Widows and widowers may remarry. Child marriage is forbidden. Funeral Rites Death is considered a natural process.
Public displays of grief at a funeral is discouraged and so is worshipping the dead with gravestones. Cremation is what Sikhs prefers. Before cremation the body is cleaned and clothed by a family member. Hymns are recited, while being cremated they recite a night time prayer and Ardas is performed. Non continuos reading of the whole Guru Granth Sahib takes place and concludes on the 10th day.
What have you learn anything today? How many human Gurus were there? A) 15 C) 10
B) 2 Try again What does Khalsa mean? A) Pure C) Spiritual B) Holy
Try again What is a Gurdwara? A) A house full of Holy people B) A sacred bangle C) A temple where Sikhs go for prayers Try again
What is Armit? A) Holy salt water B) Sweet water C) Sacred water Try again
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