FORKLIFT TRAINING Rewrote the training requirement for forklift
FORKLIFT TRAINING Rewrote the training requirement for forklift operators as of 1999 They stated nearly 100 lives are lost each year to forklift incidents. 22% of the fatalities were in overturns. 20% were pedestrians struck by
the forklift or its load. OSHA emphasis is on training and supervision of forklift operators. The NSC in Accident Facts state: 2007 fatalities equaled 78. 2008 = 68. 2009 = 58. 2010 = 54.
The utilities incident rate is 2.0 THE MORE YOU KNOW. . . . The effective date for the update to forklift training was March 1, 1999. OSHA estimated the improved standard would save 11 lives and 9,422 injuries per year.
Something is working at reducing forklift fatalities; what will help? Pre-Qualification for a Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) Operator: No adverse vision problems.
No adverse hearing loss. No physical impairments. No neurological disorders. No drugs!
No medications that might affect driving. THE MORE YOU KNOW. . . . Class 2 Class 5 Class 4
THE MORE YOU KNOW. . . . The Counte r ba la nce Load Weight 9000lbs. Force downward
8000lbs. C h e a ti n g g e t s p e o p l e h u r t ! Carrying the load! Six 4000lbs machines used to lift ???? Carrying the load! Where should the
load be carried? If you cant see get a spotter. If you cant see over the load drive in reverse! Notice the load is tilted back.
Carrying the load! Keep a clear view ahead and check all around the machine. Keep the load up; six to eight inches. Keep the load centered and against the load backrest. Keep materials secured. Keep clear of
pedestrians. Carrying the load! Capacity is 5000# @ 24 or 24x5000 =120,000# @ 36 x 5000# =120,000# = 180,000 inch-pounds Carrying the load! Determine the weight of the load first. Confirm the capacity of the machine.
Carry the load close to the ground . Stability! Keep the load within the machines limits. Keep the load low. Keep the your speed down. Keep the load tilted slightly back. Keep your seatbelt secured.
Keep yourself within the machine. Stability! Stability! The front wheels are the drive wheels & the fulcrum.
The rear wheels are the steering wheels & the top of the stability triangle. Move the center of gravity outside of the stability triangle and the machine overturns. Carrying the load!
On a slope or incline; drive forward going up the incline, drive in reverse going down the incline to keep the load on the forks. Keep the forks up at the bottom of the ramp. . . .
Carrying the load! At blind spots; sound the horn to alert pedestrians to get off the phone and pay attention to where they are walking. F o r k l i ft d e s i g n a ti o n s ! Class 5 Type G, pneumatic tire, gasoline engine, counterbalanced, rider, high lift, with no
attachments. (Electric) (Liquefied Petroleum) What are the hazards! When fueling: Set the load down.
Set the brake. Turn the engine off. No smoking. Pay attention to the fueling. Clean up any spills. What are the hazards! When fueling!
What are the hazards! When fueling LPG: 1. No smoking. 2. Change tanks outside 3. Turn off the ignition. 4. Shut off the tank valve 5. Disconnect the tank hose. 6. Unbuckle and remove tank.
7. Secure the full tank connect the hose. 8. Open the valve slowly. What are the hazards! Safety equipment is required when fueling! FR clothing? Hand Protection. Eye Protection.
Fire extinguisher within seventy-five feet of the refueling operation. THE MORE YOU KNOW. . . . When propane boils, it increases in volume at a rate of approximately 270 times the original liquid volume.
CO-What are the hazards! 35 ppm - TWA 200 ppm STEL (5min) 1,500 ppm IDLH Early symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are flu like and nonspecific: dizziness, weakness,
headaches, nausea, visual disturbance, confusion, chest pain and unconsciousness. G e tti n g o ff o f t h e P I T ! The controls are to be set in neutral. The parking brake set. The load set down. . .
The forks properly lowered. If the operator is 25 feet away the engine must be shut off. . . . Riding the Forks An approved platform
must be securely attached D a i l y I n s p e c ti o n ! Check for fluid leaks as you approach the PIT. Check for proper fluid levels. Check all lights. Check the forks. Not if the chains.
Fire extinguisher. Tires, etc. In Review operator procedures that reduce the risk: Make sure the load is stable and safely arranged on the forks. Do not tilt the forks forward except when picking up or depositing a load. Tilt the load backward only enough to stabilize the load.
Keep the load low just above the pavement with forks tilted back when traveling. Cross railroad tracks diagonally when possible. Enter elevators squarely. Keep the load uphill when going up or down an incline. Drive at a speed that will allow you to stop safely within the stability triangle. Slow down on wet or slippery surfaces. Slow down to make turns.
Avoid driving over loose objects or on surfaces with ruts and holes. In Review To avoid rollovers slow down before turning; dont turn on inclines
and Always wear your seatbelt, just in case! The forklift must be checked for defects daily: Is the horn working? Sound the horn at intersections and wherever vision is obstructed. Are there hydraulic leaks in the mast or elsewhere? These could cause slipping
hazards or lead to hydraulic failure. Are fuel connections tight and battery terminals covered? Dropping a piece of metal across battery terminals can cause an explosion. Is there a lot of lint, grease, oil or other material on the forklift that could catch on fire? Do sparks or flames come out from the exhaust system? Does the engine show signs of overheating? Are tires at proper pressure and free of damage? A tire with low pressure or a tire failure can cause a forklift to tip or fall when a load is high.
Do all controls such as lift, lower, and tilt work smoothly? Are they labeled? Is there any deformation or cracks in the forks, mast, overhead guard, or backrest? Are lights operating if used at night or in dark locations? Is steering responsive? A lot of play or hard steering will reduce your control. Do brakes stop smoothly and reliably? Sudden stops can cause tipping. Does the parking brake hold the forklift on an incline? Are seat belts (if equipped) working and accessible? Is the load capacity plate readable? Any defects that would affect safety must be corrected before the forklift is returned to
service. This list represents operator procedures that reduce the risk of overturn, collision or loss of the load. To prevent your forklift from tipping over, falling sideways or dropping its load: Make sure the load is stable and safely arranged on the forks. Do not tilt the forks forward except when picking up or depositing a load. Tilt the load backward only enough to stabilize the load. Keep the load low just above the pavement with forks tilted back when traveling.
Cross railroad tracks diagonally when possible. Enter elevators squarely. Keep the load uphill when going up or down an incline. Drive at a speed that will allow you to stop safely within the stability triangle. Slow down on wet or slippery surfaces. Slow down to make turns. Avoid driving over loose objects or on surfaces with ruts and holes. How a Forklift Works (continued)
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