April 2013 CNG Competitor Analysis Overview + Securement
April 2013 CNG Competitor Analysis Overview + Securement Video + PPE
+ Loading and Securing Cargo + Scenario Training PPE In addition to your uniform (if provided), Ruan requires the following six items to be worn by all flatbed drivers anytime you are on duty and not driving: + Hard hat
+ Long pants + Safety vest or approved hi-visibility shirt + Safety-toe boots with internal metatarsal protection + Gloves + Safety glasses + Also - Any Customer Specific Additional Requirements e.g. Hearing Protection
Loading and Securing Cargo + Before beginning to load cargo, you must evaluate the total cargo securement situation. Ask yourself: + Is the cargo itself suitable for transport? + Is the vehicle ready to be loaded? + Do you have all the equipment youll need to secure the cargo on-hand? + Do you have a loading strategy that will result in proper weight distribution
and Ruan requirements? You need to know certain things about the cargo before you begin. This allows you to plan the best securement method. Securing Cargo Is it Suitable for Transport?
+ What is the gross weight? + What is the cargo cube-weight? (Cube-weight is normally expressed as weight in pounds per cubic foot (lbs./ft.3)). This type of cargo can be divided into three main categories: 1. Light-weight Cargo = 10 lbs. or less 2. Medium-weight Cargo = 10 50 lbs. 3. Heavy-weight Cargo = More than 50 lbs.
+ Is the weight consistent? + Are cargo dimensions uniform? Securing Cargo Is it Suitable for Transport? + Cargo should be assessed for damage, shape, and suitability. Check for the following: Weak, damaged or broken boxes, crates or pallets
Leaking packages Loose banding, improperly positioned over the cargo, poorly installed or improperly connected Wrapping problems Bulging cargo Crushed cargo Product overhanging
Product not properly positioned Securing Cargo Load Responsibility + Loaders must assess the vehicle before loading cargo + A trailer that lacks equipment or isn't clean enough for the cargo can compromise the cargo during transport. Damaged freight normally results in claims against the carrier
+ Below are vehicle conditions that can make securing cargo difficult: Trailer deck or floor that is dirty or contaminated, or covered with debris Damaged or punctured trailer wall Damaged or defective anchor points Securing Cargo Load Responsibility + Before loading, confirm all necessary paperwork is completed and matches
cargo about to be loaded + Confirm based on: + Bill of lading + Shipping documents + Delivery slip + Packing lists + Box and/or pallet count
Securing Cargo Load Responsibility + Distributing Cargo Weight + Cargo should be loaded so the center of mass is low and weight is balanced on vehicle centerline + In some cases the cargo may have a high center of gravity or cargo may be unbalanced from one side to another
+ Load balance will affect the vehicle handles and the way drivers operate + As the driver, you must know how the cargo is loaded and balanced Proper weight distribution means making sure that no more than 60% of the load is on 50% or less of the deck Securing Cargo Load Responsibility
+ Load heavy articles first place equal weight on the right and left side + Center the load to keep vehicle load threshold high in both sideways directions + In mixed, stacked loads, the larger and heavier items should be placed on the bottom + Weak or crushable items should be placed on top, or behind heavy items
Securing Cargo Restraining Against Forward Movement + Placing cargo directly against the front-end structure is one simple way to restrain against movement in the forward direction + When you must position cargo so it is not directly against the front-end, you may use several blocking methods to restrain against forward movement Securing Cargo Blocking Under Cargo
+ Hardwood and softwood blocking is often placed under cargo + Allows lifting equipment to get under cargo + Also allows to secure where tie-downs have been placed under the cargo + Unstable blocking could cause cargo to shift + When cargo shifts, tie-downs may not work properly especially for indirect tie-downs positioned over the top of cargo
Always place blocking so the wider face is against the deck. Never stack blocking so the stock becomes taller than it is wide. Securing Cargo Blocking Under Cargo + When blocking must be stacked, the blocking in each layer should cross over the layer below (use cross blocks)
+ Failure to do this makes it unstable unless the finished stack is wider than it is tall and the stack is unitized. Nails are often used to fasten blocks, chocks or wedges to a deck. A single nail driven completely through to the outside of a 1 in. hardwood trailer deck will restrain up to about 700 lbs. of force in a straight sideways direction.
Securing Cargo Loading the Cargo Properly + For cargo placed beside each other and secured by side-to-side (transverse) tie-downs: + Place them in direct contact with each other, or + Prevent them from shifting towards each other in transit by using blocking or by filling the space with other cargo. Vehicle motion can cause cargo to
compress and fill any open spaces, thereby causing the tie-downs to become loose Securing Cargo Important Notes 1. Make the axles legal 2. Keep stops separate 3. Brace forward
4. Brace sideways, particularly on second level 5. Keep orders separate (if possible) 6. Turn last 2 pallets (if possible) 7. Meet desired customer loading pattern 8. Keep same items together 9. Brace backwards 10. Keep families together
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