Psychology Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) -Austrian, doctor

Psychology Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) -Austrian, doctor

Psychology Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) -Austrian, doctor -father of psychoanalysis One of the first psychologists to study

human motivation -Psychiatry vs. Psychology -up until 20th century frontal lobotomies were performed on patients Freud-believed that mental illness is a

result of nurture, not nature. He asked the question: What makes people do things? Answer: MOTIVATION Needs motivate human behaviour (food, shelter, clothing)

Maslow's hierarchy of human needs. (From Maslow, A. (1970}. Motivation and personality (2nd ed.). New York: Harper & Row; reprinted by permission of Harper Collins Publishers.) Being deprived of a need arouses a feeling called a DRIVE OR DESIRE. Animals respond

instinctively, humans learn various ways to respond. Human motivation explains the reasons why people behave the way they do. People have DRIVES OR DESIRES in the back of their minds ie: Will to live, will to die Some of these desires cause people to behave

irrationally. People are born with a certain number of instincts or DRIVES (human instinctive behaviour) The human mind has 3 aspects which influence behaviour:

Ego Superego Id ID- unconconscious part of the mind (this part of the mind seeks to bring us pleasure)

-primitive parts of our personality including aggression and sexual drives EGO-conscious part of the mind (Rational Self). Decides what action to take for positive means and what to do based on what is believed is the right thing to do. Aware of reality. SUPEREGO- unconscious part of the mind that

acts as our conscience. Reminds us of what we should do. The ID and the SUPEREGO are in constant conflict. Your DRIVE tells you to do one thing , while SOCIETY tells you to do something else. Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, compared the human mind to an iceberg. The tip above the water represents consciousness,

and the vast region below the surface symbolizes the unconscious mind. Of Freuds three basic personality structuresid, ego, and superegoonly the id is totally unconscious. The mind is like an iceberg, it floats with oneseventh of its bulk above water" (S. Freud) If you dont resolve this conflict between

the ID and the EGO, you may experience unhappiness or mental distress. Thus, in order to understand motivation, you must understand what is in your unconscious memory. This is the basis for PSYCHOANALYSIS.

Psychoanalysis has as its core the idea that each of us has an unconscious part whose existence, activities and thoughts are hidden behind a mental barrier that we cannot voluntarily remove. Behind this barrier are repressed and psychologically dangerous thoughts that give rise to

unconscious conflicts, which in turn, can result in psychological and physical symptoms. - Plotnik, p. 514 How do you get this out? 1) FREE ASSOCIATION

-ink blot pictures, word association (Way of tricking you to lull your conscious mind to sleep to bring out the unconscious). 2) HYPNOSIS - Freud was one of the first to use this.

This is a way of freeing the unconscious mind or opening up drawers to remember vivid details of the past. 3) DREAMS - Freud believed dreams were your

unconscious mind talking to you. Dreams were very symbolic and difficult to analyze. Eg: driving a car (driver) means you feel in control of your life (passenger) someone else is in control of your life

Horses symbolize freedom MEDITATION some Buddhist monks meditate for 15 hours a day! Bibliography

http://users.rcn.com/brill/freudarc.html http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/f/freud.htm http://www.allpsych.com/psychology101/ego.html Introduction to Psychology 4th edition. Rod Plotnik. http://encarta.msn.com/media_461543697/ The_Mind_as_an_Iceberg.html http://www.inkblottestwallpaper.com

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