Chapter 18 Braiding and Braid Extensions Learning Objectives
Chapter 18 Braiding and Braid Extensions Learning Objectives Know the general history of braiding. Recognize braiding basics and the importance of a consultation.
Explain how to prepare the hair for braiding. Describe the six types of braiding techniques. (continues) Learning Objectives (continued) Demonstrate the procedure for cornrowing. Explain the techniques for textured sets and styles.
Demonstrate the procedures for starting locks and lock grooming. Introduction This art form can require an enormous investment of time, with some elaborate styles taking up to an entire day to complete. Braiding salons have sprung up in many areas in the United States.
These salons practice what is commonly known as natural hairstyling, which uses no chemicals or dyes, and does not alter the natural curl or coil pattern of the hair. Braiding and textured hairstyling consultation Hair and scalp analysis Texture determination
Elasticity and porosity test Style determination Product recommendations Courtesy of Preston Phillips. Understand the Basics of Braiding Hair and Scalp Analysis
Diameter of hair Feel
Texture determination Density Condition Length (continues) Hair and Scalp Analysis (continued)
Style determination Product recommendations Scalp health Porosity
Blowdryer with comb nozzle attachment Diffuser Five-inch scissors Long clips Butterfly and small clips Hood dryer Steamer Small rubber bands, clear elastic bands, or string (continues)
Tools for Braiding (continued) Implements and Materials for Extensions Extension fibers Hackle Drawing board Materials for Extensions
Human hair Kanekalon Nylon or rayon synthetic (continues) Materials for Extensions (continued) Yarn Lin
Yak Prepare the Hair for Braiding Dry is best for braiding. Shrinkage as hair dries can cause breakage. Allow for shrinkage when braiding wet. (continues)
Prepare the Hair for Braiding (continued)
Shampoo first. Towel-blot without rubbing. Apply leave-in conditioner. Detangle from ends to scalp. Blowdry hair. Use pomade, gel, or lotion to hold. Brush with a paddle brush beginning at the ends. Blowdrying the Hair
Dries hair quickly. Softens hair. Loosens and elongates wave pattern. Aids manipulation process. Braid the Hair Visible braid Invisible braid
Braid the Hair (continued) Single braids Blend Images/ Shutterstock.com Single braids with extensions (continues)
Braid the Hair (continued) Cornrows Cornrows with extensions Tree Braids Hair is braided with an extension. Finished look shows mostly faux hair. Process takes about four hours. Two methods
Tying Individual strands in place about an inch from scalp area. Adding long pieces of hair to cornrows. Classify Textured Sets and Styles
Bantu knot Or Nubian knot Bantu knot-out style Braid-out set Flat-twist Glamour waves Spiral rod sets
Coil Styles Coils or comb twists The Nubian coils comb technique Coil-Out Twist Styles Twist set
Twist-out style Locks Also known as dreadlocks or locs. Separate networks of curly, textured hair that have been intertwined and meshed together. Achieved without the use of chemicals. Several slow phases, which can take from six months to a year depending on the length,
density, and coil pattern of the hair. (continues) Locks (continued) The coil comb technique The palm roll Braids or extensions Sisterlocks
Courtesy of Preston Phillips. Summary and Review Natural hairstyling which uses no chemicals or dyes, and does not alter
the natural curl or coil pattern of the hair, has become popular with people of all ethnicities who can appreciate the beauty and versatility of their natural hair texture. Braiding the hair is an art form and it can take many hours to complete but these complex styles; with proper care, they can last up to three months, with six to eight weeks being preferable. The investment in time and money is high for both the client and stylist. After you spend hours braiding a clients hair, the last thing you want is to have the client reject it and demand that all the braids be re-moved.
All professional cosmetologists should be prepared to work with every type of hair texture and hairstyle trend. Working with braid extensions exposes cosmetologists to the fundamental techniques of adding hair extensions, which is another lucrative service for the stylist and the salon. Chapter Review Questions 1. What is the most effective way to prepare hair for braiding?
2. What are the steps in creating basic corn rows? (continues) Chapter Review Questions (continued) 3. List several types of braiding techniques. 4. Name and describe several textured sets and styles.
(continues) Chapter Review Questions (continued) 5. Name and describe the developmental stages of locks.
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