Introduction to Poetry In a poem the words should be as pleasing to the ear as the meaning is to the mind. -- Marianne Moore The Human Brain Divided into 2 parts Each half has its own function Left Brain:
Logic Reality Math/ Science Right Brain: Creativity Emotions English/Art To clarify . . . When you are looking
at big puffy Your right brain clouds . . tells you, Hey! . That one looks like a bunny. While your left brain tells you . . . Its a cloud, Stupid! So, which half do you use when studying poetry?
Here are a few hints: Poetry requires creativity Poetry requires emotion Poetry requires an artistic quality Poetry requires logic For the Left Brain: Recognizing certain devices used within a poem will give the left brain something to concentrate on.
Well start with the sound devices: The repetition of sounds Example: hat, cat, brat, fat, mat, sat My Beard by Shel Silverstein My beard grows to my toes, I never wears no clothes, I wraps my hair Around my bare, And down the road I goes. VIDEO Ex: Fox in Socks RAP SONG
The beat When reading a poem out loud, you may notice a sort of sing-song quality to it, just like in nursery rhymes or in your favorite rap song. This is accomplished by the use of rhythm. Rhythm is broken into seven types. Monosyllabic Iambic Anapestic Spondaic Trochaic
Accentual Dactylic Most Used Less Common The length of a line of poetry, based on what type of rhythm is used. The length of a line of poetry is measured in metrical units called FEET. Each foot consists of one unit of
rhythm. So, if the line is iambic or trochaic, a foot of poetry has 2 syllables. If the line is anapestic or dactylic, a foot of poetry has 3 syllables. The repetition of the initial letter or sound in two or more words in a To the lay-person, these line.are called tongue-twisters. Example: How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop did drop dew? Alliteration Alliteration
She Walks in Beauty I. She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all thats best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies. These examples use the beginning sounds of words only twice in a line, but by definition, thats all you need. Alliteration
Alliterative songs, poems and raps are meant to be read ALOUD! More Alliteration Said Im so sick of love songs, so sad and slow Whisper words of wisdom,
let it be. "They say pussy and paper is poetry, power and pistols / Plotting on murdering motherfuckers 'fore they get you / Picturing pitiful punk niggas copping pleas / Puffing weed as I position myself to clock Gs" Words that spell out sounds; words that sound like what they mean. Examples: growl, hiss, pop, boom, crack, ptthhhbbb.
Lets see what this looks like in a poem we are not so familiar with Onomatopoeia Noise Day by Shel Silverstein Lets have one day for girls and boyses When you can make the grandest noises. Screech, scream, holler, and yell Buzz a buzzer, clang a bell,
Sneeze hiccup whistle shout, Laugh until your lungs wear out, Several other words not highlighted could also be considered as onomatopoeia. Can you find any? Toot a whistle, kick a can, Bang a spoon against a pan, Sing, yodel, bellow, hum, Blow a horn, beat a drum,
Rattle a window, slam a door, Scrape a rake across the floor . . .. Using the same key word or phrase throughout a poem. This should be fairly self-explanatory, but . . . at risk of sounding like a broken record . . . Valued Treasue by Chris R. Carey
Time to spend; Time will eventually time to mend. show us the truth. Time to hate; Time is a mystery; time to wait. time is a measure.
Time is the essence; Time for us is time is the key. valued treasure. Time will tell us Time to spend; what we will be.
time to mend. Time is the enemy; Time to cry . . . time is the proof. Time to die. So, which is the repeated key word or phrase? Valued Treasue
by Chris R. Carey Time to spend; Time will eventually time to mend. show us the truth. Time to hate; Time is a mystery; time to wait.
time is a measure. Time is the essence; Time for us is time is the key. valued treasure. Time will tell us Time to spend; what we will be.
time to mend. Time is the enemy; Time to cry . . . time is the proof. Time to die. So, which is the repeated key word or phrase? Fairly obvious, huh?
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at the end of a stanza. It can also be an entire stanza that is repeated periodically throughout a poem, kind of like a chorus of a song. Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou Pretty women wonder where my secret lies. Im not cute or built to suit a fashion
models size But when I start to tell them, They think Im telling lies. I say, Its in the reach of my arms, The span of my hips, The stride of my step, The curl of my lips. Im a woman Remember this Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman,
I walk into a room Just as cool as you please, What they see in me. And to a man, The fellows stand or Fall down on their knees. Then they swarm around me, A hive of honey bees. Its the fire in my eyes, And the flash of my teeth, The swing of my waist, And the joy in my feet.
But they cant touch My inner mystery. When I try to show them, I say, Its in the arch of my back, The sun of my smile, ... The grace of my style. Im a woman Look familiar? Phenomenal woman, Thats me.
They try so much They say they still cant see. I say, Phenomenally. Men themselves have wondered Im a woman That is refrain.
Phenomenally. Phenomenal woman, A comparison between two usually unrelated things using the word like or as. Examples: Joe is as hungry as a bear. In the morning, Rae is like an angry lion. Simile Ars Poetica By Archibald MacLeish
Simile A poem should be palpable and mute as a globed fruit, Silent as the sleeve-worn stone Of casement ledges where the moss has grown A poem should be wordless As the flight of birds. Simile Lets see what this
looks like in a poem we have never seen before in our lives An implied comparison between two usually unrelated things. Examples: Lenny is a snake. Ginny is a mouse when it comes to standing up for herself. The difference between a simile and a metaphor is that a simile requires either like or as to be included
in the comparison, and a metaphor requires that neither be used. The following poem is one big metaphor. When it comes to using a metaphor device in poetry, a poet can either make the entire poem a metaphor for something, or put little metaphors throughout the poem. An exaggeration for the sake of emphasis. Examples: I may sweat to death. The blood bank needs a river of blood.
Giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals. Example: The sun stretched its lazy fingers over the valley. A word or image that signifies something other than what is literally represented. Examples: Dark or black images in poems are often used to symbolize death.
Light or white images are often used to symbolize life. Using words to create a picture in the readers mind. Poetry that follows no rules. Just about anything goes. This does not mean that it uses no devices, it just mean type of poetry does not follow traditional conventions su punctuation, capitalization, rhyme scheme, rhythm and Fog The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city
on silent haunches and then, moves on. No Rhyme No Rhythm No Meter This is free verse. A reference to another piece of literature or to history. Example: She hath Dians wit (from Romeo and Juliet). This is an allusion to Roman mythology and the goddess Diana. The three most common types of allusion refer to
mythology, the Bible, and Shakespeares writings. Poetry should be read aloud! Poetry Outloud National Champion 2009 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6SJeGjAzvs8 An Evening of Poetry, Music and the Written Word at the White House, President and First Lady Obama http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUfekqAJHeI James Earl Jones reciting from Othello by Shakespeare http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJybA1emr_g&featur e=SeriesPlayList&p=1ECEA36D759093A1 Billy Collins, The Dead with animation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuTNdHadwbk
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