Southwest Asias Ethnic Groups Arabs, Persians, & Kurds

Southwest Asias Ethnic Groups Arabs, Persians, & Kurds

Southwest Asias Ethnic Groups Arabs, Persians, & Kurds Brain Wrinkles

STANDARDS: SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East). a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Explain the diversity of religions within

the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds. Brain Wrinkles Ethnic Group This is a group of people who

share a common culture. They are identified on the basis of religion, race, or national origin.

Ethnic groups can have many things in common: Shared history, common ancestry, language, religion, traditions, beliefs, holidays, Brain Wrinkles

Ethnic Group These characteristics have been part of their community for generations.

All of these things make up a common culture that is shared by the members of the ethnic group.

Three major ethnic groups in the Middle East are the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Religious Group This is a group of people who share a belief system.

A religious group is identified based on common religious beliefs and practices. They believe in the same god (or gods) and have a common sacred

text with a specific set of rules about how to live. Brain Wrinkles Religious Group Religious groups have many things in common:

God(s), prophets, prayers, history, sacred text, religious laws, holy days, etc. People from different ethnic groups may share the same religion; however, they may be from different cultures.

Three major religious groups in the Middle East are Jews, Muslims, and Brain Wrinkles

Brain Wrinkles ARABS Brain Wrinkles Location The majority of people in the Middle East are Arabs.

Arabs also live in the United States, Canada, parts of northern Africa, and Europe. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Brain Wrinkles Ancestry Arabs of Southwest Asia believe themselves to be descendants of Abraham through his son Ishmael. Arabs make up the majority of the people who live throughout the

Middle East. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Religion Most Arabs practice Islam, while small

numbers of Arabs practice other religions. Not all Arabs are Muslims, and not all Muslims are Arabs. Islam consists mostly of two different groups. The majority of Muslims practice Sunni Islam, and most others practice Shia

Islam. Brain Wrinkles Religion Sunni Islam dominates in most Arab areas, especially in North Africa. Shia Islam is dominant among the

Arab population in southern Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, northern Syria, & northern Yemen. Brain Wrinkles The Kaaba, located in Mecca,

Saudi Arabia is the center of Islam. Brain Wrinkles Language Most Arabs, whether they are

Muslim or Christian, speak Arabic. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles PERSIANS

Brain Wrinkles Location Most Persians live in Iran and make up about half of Irans current population. The country of Persia became known as Iran in 1935.

Some Persians can also be found living in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and the Xinjiang province of China. Brain Wrinkles Irans Demographics

Brain Wrinkles Ancestry The Persians lived in Iran before the arrival of Islam in the 7th century. The Persians ancestors were IndoEuropeans who migrated from

central Europe and Southern Russia and formed a great empire. Brain Wrinkles Persian Empire Brain Wrinkles

Religion Most Persians in Iran practice Shia Islam, but some are Sunni and other religions. Persian women have faced many challenges as a result of strict cultural and religious practices.

Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Language Persians speak a language called Farsi (or Persian). It is one of the oldest languages that is still spoken today! Brain Wrinkles

Farsi Translations Brain Wrinkles KURDS Brain Wrinkles

Location The Kurds are an ethnic group that originated as a semi-nomadic, tribal people. Kurds now live in the mountains of Turkey, Syria, Iraq, and Iran. Kurds form almost 20% of the

population of Turkey and Iraq. Many Kurds live in an area of northern Iraq called Kurdistan (not a Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Location

The Kurds are the largest ethnic group in the world without a country of their own. There is a strong nationalist movement among the Kurds for their own nation. This has caused conflict with the countries in which Kurdish people

live, and Iraq and Turkey have both Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles Ancestry Kurds of Southwest Asia believe themselves to be descendants of

the Medes, an ancient Iranian people. In fact, Kurds share many aspects of their culture with Iranians. Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Religion Like the Arabs, the Kurds are overwhelmingly Muslim, and the great majority are Sunni; only 5% are Shia. Kurdish Muslims tend to be less strict about certain Islamic

practices. For example, there are fewer laws for how Kurdish women should Brain Wrinkles Brain Wrinkles

Language Kurdish is an Indo-European language related to Farsi (Persian) and other Iranian languages. There are many different dialects of Kurdish spoken throughout Southwest Asia.

Brain Wrinkles

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