gsmAsk gasmask Split put j0 bUts on FOOT-GOOSE pt j0r bts n Merger ai laik peintiX
Diphthong Shift oi loik paintiX STRUT/FOOT BATH/TRAP Phonological variables
To begin our survey of the British Isles we shall look at 9 variables : 10. Diphthong Shift These 9 variables form the backbone of To
begin our survey of the British Isles
we our study of accents in the British Isles. shall look at 9 variables The following slides give a quick overview of the content of these variables. Refer to the variables page for further details; and to the series of slides on
Processes (5th week onwards) Words which have the same vowel in the North of England, but different vowels everywhere else (incl Scotland, N. America, and Australasia) foot, good, butcher, look, could, should, bush mud, blood, crutch, fudge, country, brush, sun,
son, ton, some, other, mother, brother, come Words which have different vowels in the South of England, but the same vowel in most other places bath path dance half last pass past craft mast grass laugh grant (NOT palm, father, start)
maths, gas, pant, have, lass, mass, trap, ass, pan, standard, passage, smash The unstressed ending spelt -y, -ie, -ey etc., and the unstressed KIT vowel when another vowel follows city, party lady, series, parley, Charlie, Disney;
create, react, reality, re-open, abbreviate Whether r is pronounced in words such as farmer, sure, beggar, partake, burn, stir, form, star, argue (NOT: carry, story, parallel, run, cry, etc.)
Words which usually have different vowels, but have the same vowel in Scotland and Northern Ireland: foot bush wood - food goose mood naught caught brought talk - not cot rotten rock Stressed (content) words beginning with /h/ in RP,
Scottish,North American and Autralasian English, but lose the /h/ in most places in England: happy hurry hunt Hampshire Herbert Hannah Glottalization: adding a glottal stop in words like that, map, mattress, factual Glottaling; using the glottal stop intead of t:
that, not, Peter, bottle Words spelt with ng, pronounced in the W. Midlands of England, but everywhere else: stro ng, sing, running, singing, singer (NOT: anger, finger, hungry)
Words which may or may not have /j/ before the vowel: few new crude union 10. Diphthong Shift This is a complicated variable which we will
discuss more closely later, but you will hear it immediately in the S. of England and in Aus-NZSAfr. We'll simplify it here: FACEPRICECHOICE MOUTHGOAT paint pint point house home
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