Introduction to E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011
Introduction to E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011 and Guidelines By Anand Kumar Senior Environmental Engineer Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India) 03-12- 2013
Initial Interventions Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of E-waste notified by Government in March 2008. E-waste included in the schedule IV of the HAZARDOUS WASTE Rules, on 24th September, 2008 Implies that the generators of e-waste has to give this waste only to a registered recyclers who has the environmentally sound facilities for dismantling & recycling of e-waste The E-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011 Notified in May 2011 and Became effective from May 2012
RoHS Provisions will become effective from May 2014 E-Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2011 Six Chapters, Three Schedule and Five Forms Chapter 1 Has definitions of various terms Chapter 2 Responsibilities of Producers, Collection Centers, Dismantler, Recycler and Bulk Consumer Chapter 3 - Procedure for seeking Authorization & Registration Chapter 4 - Storage of E-Waste Chapter 5 - RoHS Chapter 6 Duties of Regulatory Authorities, Annual Report from Producers, Collection Centers, Dismantlers Recyclers, Transportation, Accident Reporting Schedule I : List of Equipment, Schedule II : Exemptions list for RoHS
Schedule III: Duties of Regulatory Authorities Objectives of E-Waste Rules Minimize illegal recycling / recovery operations Environmentally Safe & Sound Recycling by channelizing E-waste to registered E-waste recyclers Extended Responsibilities to producers to manage a system of E-waste collection/take back and channelizing to a registered dismantler/recycler. Responsibilities to Urban Local Bodies for orphan products and for waste found mixed with MSW To Create an E-waste collection channelization system Reduce Hazardous substances in Electrical and
Electronic components Important definitions E-waste means waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded; Electrical and electronic means equipment dependent on electrical
electro-magnetic fields functional; equipment which is currents or to be fully Important definitions Producer: means any person who, irrespective of the selling technique used manufactures and offers to sell electrical and electronic equipment under his own brand; or offers to sell under his own brand, assembled
electrical and electronic equipment produced by other manufacturers or suppliers; or offers to sell imported electrical and electronic equipment; Important Definitions Historical E-Waste - E-waste generated from electrical and electronic equipment as listed in Schedule I, which was available on the date from which these rules come into force Orphaned Products Non branded or assembled electrical and electronic equipment as listed in Schedule I or those produced by a company, which has closed its operations or has stopped product
support Important Definitions Bulk Consumers - Bulk users of electrical and electronic equipment such as central government or state government departments, public sector undertakings, banks, educational institutions, multinational organizations, international agencies and private companies that are registered under the Factories Act, 1948 and Companies Act, 1956
Extended Producer Responsibility - Responsibility of any producer of electrical or electronic equipment, for their products beyond manufacturing until environmentally sound management of their end of life products Categories of EEE covered IT and telecommunication equipment:
Centralized data processing; Mainframes, Minicomputers; Personal computing; Personal computers (Central processing unit with input and output devices), Laptop computers (Central processing unit with input and output devices), Notebook computers, Notepad computers, Printers including cartridges, Copying equipment, Electrical and electronic typewriters, User terminals and systems, Facsimile, Telex, Telephones, Pay telephones, Cordless telephones, Cellular telephones, Answering systems Consumer electronics: Television sets (including sets based on (Liquid Crystal Display and Light Emitting Diode technology ), Refrigerator, Washing Machine, Air-Conditioners excluding centralized air conditioning plants,.
E-waste Rules, 2011- Stake Holders Every producer, consumer or bulk consumer, involved in the manufacture, sale, and purchase and processing of electrical and electronic equipment or components as specified in schedule I Collection Centers, Dismantlers & Recyclers of E-waste Bulk Consumer/Consumer MoEF/CPCB/SPCBs/PCCs. ULBs Responsibility of Producer Collection of e-waste generated from the end of life of their products in line with the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), or generated during manufacturing of electrical
and electronic equipment and channelization of such waste to registered dismantler or recyclers. Setting up collection centres or take back systems either individually or collectively Financing and organizing a system to meet the costs involved in the environmentally sound management of e-waste generated from the end of life of its own products and historical waste available on the date from which these rules come in to force. The financing arrangement of such a system shall be transparent. The producer may choose to establish such financial system either individually or collectively by joining a collective scheme. Responsibility of Producer Contdc
to facilitate return of used electrical and electronic equipment by providing contact details such as address, telephone numbers/helpline number of authorized collection centers to consumer(s) or bulk consumer(s) creating awareness through publications, advertisements, posters, or by any other means of communication and information booklets accompanying the equipment, with regard to: information on hazardous constituents as detailed in sub-rule 1 of rule 13 in EEE information on hazards of improper handling, accidental breakage, damage and/ or improper recycling of e-waste instructions for handling the equipment after its use, along with the Dos and Donts affixing a visible, legible and indelible symbol on the products or information booklets to prevent e-waste from being dropped in garbage bins Responsibility of Producer
Contdc Obtaining an authorization from the concerned State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee in accordance with the procedure under rule 9 Maintaining records in Form 2 of the e-waste handled and make such records available for scrutiny by the State Pollution Control Board or the Committee concerned Filing annual returns in Form 3, to the State Pollution Control Board or Pollution Control Committee concerned, on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates
Responsibility of Producer Contd Scope of EPR The producer may opt to implement EPR on his own individually or collectively: individual producer responsibility where producer implements EPR on his own by setting up his own authorized collection centres or collective producers responsibility, where producers may authorize common collection centres (CCC) independently or by joining a consortium as a member. may expand collection reach by working between consumer retailer collection center - recycler Responsibility of Producer
Contd REDUCTION IN THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (RoHS) Every producer of EEE shall achieve the thresh hold limits as prescribed in rule 13 (1) within a period of three years from the published notification. Imports of EEE shall be permitted only for those equipments, which are RoHS compliant. Responsibility of Producer Contd REDUCTION IN THE USE OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
(RoHS) Maximum permissible concentration of lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenyl ethers is 0.1% and in respect of cadmium the maximum concentration value is 0.01% in homogenous materials of electrical and electronic equipment as listed in Schedule I (by weight) 39 categories of equipments as listed in schedule II and equipment used for defence and strategic applications have been exempted from this provisions The above limits will not apply to components of electrical and electronic equipment manufactured or placed in the market six years before the date of commencement of these rules
Responsibilities of Collection Centers To obtain an authorization in accordance with the procedure under rule 9 from the concerned SPCB or PCC and provide details such as address, telephone numbers/helpline number, email, etc. of such collection centre to the general public To ensure secure storage of the e-waste collected till it is sent to registered dismantler(s) or recycler(s) To ensure safe transportation of e-waste To file annual returns in Form 3, to the SPCB or PCC concerned on or before the 30th day of June following the financial year to which that return relates To maintain records of the e-waste handled in Form 2 and make such records available for scrutiny by the SPCB or PCC . Responsibilities of Bulk Consumer To
ensure that e-waste generated is channelized to authorized collection centers or registered dismantlers or recyclers or is returned to pick-up or take back services provided by the producers; Maintain records of e-waste generated by them in Form 2 and make such records available for scrutiny by the SPCBs/PCCs. Responsibilities of Dismantler & Recycler To obtain authorization and registration from the
SPCB/PCC (rule 9 & 11) To ensure that no damage is caused to the environment during storage and transportation of e-waste To ensure that the dismantling/recycling processes do not have any adverse effect on the health and the environment To ensure that the facilities and dismantling & recycling processes are in accordance with the standards or guidelines published by the CPCB from time to time Dismantler to ensure that dismantled e-waste are segregated and sent to the registered recycling facilities for recovery of materials Responsibilities of Dismantler & Recycler
Contd Dismantlers shall not process any e-waste for recovery and/or refining of materials, unless registered as recycler for refining and recovery of materials. To make available all records to the CPCB or SPCB/PCC for inspection To ensure that residue generated after recycling is disposed of in a hazardous waste Treatment Storage Disposal Facility (TSDF) To file annual returns in Form 3 Responsibility of State Pollution Control Boards/ Pollution Control Committees SPCBs/PCCs has been assigned the following duties:
preparation of inventory of e-waste granting authorization granting registration monitoring of compliance of authorization and registration conditions maintaining information on the conditions imposed for authorization taking action against violations of these rules ensure that collection centre should not store e-waste for a period exceeding one hundred and eighty days. Responsibility of Central Pollution Control Boards Coordination with State Pollution Committees of Union territories
Control Boards/ Preparation of Guidelines for Environmentally Sound Management of e-waste Conduct assessment processing of e-waste generation and
Recommend standards and specifications for processing and recycling e-waste Documentation, compilation of data on e-waste and uploading on websites of Central Pollution Control Board Responsibility of Central Pollution Control Boards Contd Conducting training & awareness programmes Submit Annual Report Environment & Forests to the
Ministry of Enforcement of provisions regarding reduction in use of hazardous substances in manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment Initiatives for IT industry for reducing hazardous substances Set targets for compliance to the reduction in use of hazardous substance in manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment Responsibility of Municipal Authority
The Municipal Authorities are responsible for: Channelization of e-waste after segregation to either authorized collection centre or dismantler or recycler if found to be mixed with MSW. Collection and channelization of e-waste generated from non branded or assembled electrical and electronic equipment to either authorized collection centre or dismantler or recycler. Guidelines on Implementation of E-Waste Rules 2011 Guidelines
on Implementation of E-Waste Rules 2011 A guidance document for implementation of the provisions of the E-Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 2011 To help Producers, Consumer & Bulk Consumer, Collection Center, Dismantler, Recycler and Regulatory agencies (SPCBs/PCCs) in effective compliance/implementation of these rules. To provide guidance to collection center, dismantler and recycler To help Producers for understanding the concept and scope of extended producer responsibility(EPR). Thanks
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