GCSE History Revision Guide PAPER 1 Conflict and

GCSE History Revision Guide PAPER 1  Conflict and

GCSE History Revision Guide PAPER 1 Conflict and Tension (WWI) Name ___________________________________________ Italy Germany Triple Alliance Austria-Hungary Strengths of alliance: Weaknesses of alliance: Russia Britain Triple Entente France Strengths of alliance: Weaknesses of alliance: Explain the Anglo German Rivalry: Describe the Schlieffen Plan Strong, but slow army. Weak army 1900 1910 1914 France

0.7m 0.8m 0.9 Britain 0.6m 1.3m 0.5m Russia 1.1m 1.3m 0.8m Austria Hungary 0.25m 0.3m 0.35 Germany 0.5m 0.7m 1.5m Italy 0.25m 0.3m

0.35m Number of men trained in the army. Which army was the most prepared for war? 1905-6 Impact Moroccan Crisis Impact 1911 What did the French do? What did Germany get? What did Britain and France do? Balkans Crisis 1908 What happened in Turkey? Impact What did Serbia do? What did Germany do? What did Austria Hungary do? How did this strengthen the alliances? How did the assassination of Franz Ferdinand start WWI? What do the following terms mean? Alliance System Schlieffen Plan

July Crisis Dreadnaught Splendid Isolationism Explain why WWI started? How did the Battle of the Marne contribute to a stalemate? 1. 2. 3. What were conditions like in the trenches? Due to the trenches warfare changed. Trenches actually ___________ soldiers from snipers and __________ __________. The only real tactic the generals had was if they sent enough men in the attack they could wear down the enemy, this was known as sending men ________ _____ ______. Caused heavy casualties. Some men dug tunnels and placed _____ under enemy trenches. The trenches were terrible, three problems in the trenches were; ________, ________ and ________. Over the top Trench foot protected lice rats bombs artillery shells Travel around the world Had time to do hobbies Best food Patriotism

(pride in your country) X X- X X- X X X X- How did Germany attempt to bleed France white at Verdun (Feb-July 1916)? German Aims: Who won? To what extent was the Battle of the Somme a victory for the British army (July-Nov 1916)? British Aims: The Battle: Reactions in Britain: What was achieved by the Battle of Passchendaele July-Nov 1917? Technology + the Weather: Who won?: Battle of the Mud Heavy rain and

mud 250,000 10,000 Germans Britain and Germany Artillery Tanks France and Germa ny Britain and German y Attrition 57,000 British Little land, 1.25 million men Propagan da film Haig Bleed France dry

6 months Reduce pressur e 700,000 total casualtie Falkenhay n Petain 1 week attac What was the Gallipoli Campaign? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ _________________________ What were the consequences to the campaign? ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________

___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ ___________________________________ Churchill Dardanelles Turkey 1915 Russian Supplies Failure Navy Heat Land attack Frostbite Submarines How was the campaign a crisis for Britain? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ __________________________

Russia Left war Reputation Humiliation Soldiers Communication Decaying corpses Humiliated Russia No supplies Why was the Gallipoli campaign a failure (March-Dec 1915)? Answer each question using at least 4 of the key words in the table. What was the significance of the War at Sea? __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ ____________________________ What reasons does this source give for why America joined the war?

P E E What reasons does this source give for why America joined the war? Property can be paid for; the lives of peaceful and innocent people cannot be. The present German submarine warfare is against mankind. The German policy has swept every restriction aside. Neutrality is no longer possible or desirable where the peace of the world is involved. We do not act for selfish reasons. We desire no conquest. The world must be made safe for democracy. We shall fight for the things which we care deeply about. Source B President Woodrow Wilson, in a speech to the US Congress made on April 2, 1917. P E E Ludendorff Offensive and Military Advancements Russia leaving the war Breaking of the stalemat e The war at sea was the main reason for Germanys defeat in the First World War. How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer. [16 marks] + 4SPAG Point War at sea The war at sea was the main reason for Germanys defeat in the First World War.

Ludendorff Offensive Another reason why Germany lost WWI was because of the Ludendorff Offensive. Evidence you need 3 bits of knowledge for each point. War @ Sea: 1) 2) 3) Ludendorff 1) 2) 3) USA joining the war A final reason why Germany lost WWI was because America joined the Allies. USA: 1) Explain link each bit of knowledge back to the question This led to Germany

losing the war because This was the main reason Germany lost the war because This led to Germany losing the war because This was more important than the war at sea because 2) 3) Judgement: Which reason is the most important? Do you agree with the statement? Overall, I agree/disagree with the statement because This led to Germany losing the war because This was the main reason Germany lost the war because Paper 1: WW1 Knowledge Summary Test 1 Name: A Alliances Total Mark mark Question

/30 /5 Answer Y/N 1 Which countries made up the Triple Alliance? 2 Which area of French land had Germany taken from them? 3 What was Germanys biggest fear? 4 Why was Austria-Hungary worried about Serbia? 5 Which countries made up the Triple Entente? B Anglo-German Rivalry Question mark /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was splendid isolation? 2 Which country became Britains main rival? 3 What was the name of the aggressive policy Germany used to pressurise their rivals? 4 Which new warship did Britain launch? 5 Why was Britain suspicious of Germanys growing navy? C Preparations for War Question 1 Why did countries increase their armies? 2 Why was the German army so powerful? 3 Which country did Austria-Hungary rely upon for support? 4 What was Plan 17? 5 Name one of the strengths of the Russian army mark /5 Answer

Y/N D Morocco and the Balkans Question mark /5 Answer Y/N 1 What did the Kaiser do to upset France in Morocco? 2 Why did the Kaiser leave the Algeciras conference upset? 3 What was the Panther that the Kaiser sent in 1911? 4 Which two countries put pressure on the Balkans countries? 5 Which country did Austria-Hungary take over/annexe in 1908? E Assassination of Franz Ferdinand Question mark /5 Answer Y/N 1 Which Entente country supported Serbia? 2 Who supported Austria? 3 From which country was Franz Ferdinands assassin from? 4 What was the name of the assassin? 5 What did Austria issue to Serbia? F The Schlieffen Plan Question

1 Why did Germany plan to attack France before Russia? 2 How successful was Belgian resistance? 3 How did the Russians weaken the plan? 4 What was the BEF? 5 What was the name of the disastrous French attack on Germany? mark Answer /5 Y/N Paper 1: WW1 Knowledge Summary Test 2 Name: A Battle of the Marne Total Mark mark Question /30 /5 Answer Y/N 1 How did Russia cause Germany problems? 2 Name one other problem the Germany army faced 3 How did the French get their troops to Paris? 4 Give one reason to show Britain + France won the Battle of the Marne 5 What was the race to the sea? B Trench Warfare mark

Question /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was attrition? 2 What was a sapper? 3 How large were some corpse rats? 4 How long did soldiers spend in the trenches? 5 What luxuries did they receive? C New Technologies and Tactics Question 1 Which weapon caused the most casualties during WW1? 2 Why was the machine gun better as a defensive weapon? 3 What the main purpose of gas? 4 Name one advantage of the tank 5 What technology, which took part in dogfights increased to 23,000 by 1918? mark /5 Answer Y/N D The Battle of Verdun mark Question /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was the Germans aim at Verdun? 2 What colour did the German commander, von

Falkenhayn, claim he was going to bleed the French? 3 Who was Marshall Petain? 4 Which offensive/battle did Verdun force the British to launch in July 1916? 5 Give one example to show how the Germans won the Battle of Verdun. E The Battle of the Somme mark Question /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was the British aim at the Somme? 2 What took place for a week before the battle? 3 Explain the significance of the figure 57,000 to the British. 4 What did the British government make in order to increase morale back in Britain? 5 Which British commander earned the nickname the Butcher of the Somme? F The Battle of Passchendaele Question 1 What did the British set off at Messines? 2 Give one example to show that this explosion was successful. 3 What was the Battle of Passchendaele nicknamed? 4 Which new weapon/technology did the mud defeat? 5 Who won the Battle of Passchendaele, why? mark /5 Answer

Y/N Paper 1: WW1 Knowledge Summary Test 3 Name: A Gallipoli Total Mark mark Question /30 /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was the aim of the Gallipoli campaign? 2 Why did the British naval attack fail? 3 Where were the ANZAC troops from? 4 What caused the spread of disease? 5 How did the failed campaign affect Churchill? B War at Sea mark Question /5 Answer Y/N 1 What was the British navys main action during World War One? 2 What was the purpose of the British Blockade? 3 How successful was the British Blockade? 4 Who was Admiral Scheer? 5 Give one reason to argue that Britain won the Battle of Jutland? C The U-Boat Campaign Question

1 What was the aim of the U-boat campaign? 2 How much grain did Britain have left by May 1917? 3 What was Britain forced to bring in during 1917 to deal with food shortages? 4 How did the British navy protect their supply ships? 5 What was the sinking of the Lusitania so significant? mark /5 Answer Y/N D USA joins the War mark Question /5 Answer Y/N 1 What did America provide for Britain + France? 2 What passenger ship did the Germans sink, contributing to the USA joining the war? 3 Which country did Germany try to ally with against the USA? 4 What did Germany sink in 1917? 5 Why was their impact on the war delayed? E Ludendorff Offensive mark Question /5 Answer

Y/N 1 How did Russia leaving the war help the Germans? 2 Why did Germany need a quick victory? (before the summer of 1918) 3 What new tactics did he use to try to break through the Allied lines? 4 Which city came in to range of their heavy guns? 5 Give one example to show how the offensive was a failure for Germany F Breaking the Stalemate + Foch and Haig Question 1 What was the Black Day for the German army? 2 What was the Hundred Days? 3 Why did the Kaiser abdicate? 4 Which offensive did Foch successfully stop in 1918? 5 Describe Haigs success during the Hundred Days mark /5 Answer Y/N

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