Intro to The Giver Written by Lois Lowry in 1993 Lowry has written many books for children and young adults Number the Stars Lois Lowry (1937-present) Two-time winner of the Newberry Medal http://www.scils.rutgers.edu/~kvander/lowry.html
Lois Lowry: Background Born March 20, 1937 in Hawaii to Robert and Katharine Hammersberg. her father was an Army dentist and the family lived all over the world. has addressed a number of topics in her literature including adoption, mental illness, cancer, the Holocaust, and futuristic societies Selected Works A Summer to Die, 1977 Anastasia Again! 1981 See You Around Sam!, 1996 The Giver, 1993
Anastasia Has the Answers, 1986 Imagine a World Void of Color and Emotion No music No change of season or traditional holidays No expression of emotion No memories, either positive or negative Welcome to the world of The Giver http://www.carolhurst.com/titles/giver.html The Giver intro
The Giver is part of a trilogy featuring the lives of the characters through time Plot Overview Science fiction story about a 12-year-old boy who must choose between a world of sameness or one filled with both the intense joys and pains of life. Jonas lives in a "perfect" world, devoid of strife or conflict. When Jonas begins training for his life assignment as the Receiver of Memory, he meets his teacher, a man called The Giver.
The Main Character Jonas, a young boy, receives his life's assignment along with others of his age group. To his astonishment he is given the most respected job of all -- to become the "Receiver of Memory. What is The Giver? In the Utopian society Lowry has created, people- don't want to be burdened with memories.
don't want to make decisions or changes which, in the past, have led to disaster so they have assigned one person to keep all the memories of history, their own and that of all societies. The society seems ideal- All have a job for which they are especially suited. The elderly and newest members are
lovingly cared for. There is much laughter and joy. The Setting Themes The Importance of Memory memory is essential, so The Committee of Elders designates a Receiver to remember history for the community. The Relationship Between Pain and Pleasure there can be no pleasure without pain and no pain
without pleasure. Utopia and Dystopia Utopia Two Greek words: oi (not) and topos (place) = nowhere The word was created by Thomas More in 1516 when he wrote a book by that title Utopian concepts A
beautiful society with a general pacifistic attitude = no violence Poverty and misery are removed Very few laws are necessary Money is not necessary People do only work that they enjoy and which benefits the common good Related Ideas: Religion The Judeo-Christian concept of the Garden of Eden and Heaven The Buddhist concept of Nirvana Dystopia The
antonym (word that means the opposite) of utopia An imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives (a worst-case scenario for society) Dytstopian Concepts Totalitarian dictatorship Glorification and justification of violence Technology replaces humanity Negative social trends are taken to nightmarish extremes Characteristics of Dystopian
Literature Fictional and futuristic Dystopias serve as warnings to comtemporary man Comment on our own current society Utopian and dystopian societies are often present in science fiction literature. A utopia refers to a perfect society that does not exist or can never exist
A dystopia is usually characterized by a totalitarian society. What does totalitarian mean? In short, it refers to a society in which nearly every aspect of public and private behavior is regulated by the state. Characteristics of a dystopian society: A poor standard of living among the lower and middle classes A protagonist that questions the society Set in the future but resembles contemporary society
More Dystopian Societies More Dystopian Societies Dystopia in the Making What if. . . No one had to go to school? You could have an iPod in your brain? Your computer could read your thoughts? No one had to pay taxes? Everyone had plastic surgery? Babies were scientifically created? The GiverThink while you
read Character Development Examples of how society is a utopia or dystopia Foreshadowing Important Plot Events Symbolism Important Theme Development Writing Assignment A Utopia is a perfect society. A Dystopia is a world that appears to be perfect, but is not. Write a short story that depicts a dis/utopian place.
Essential Question: How can learning Greek and Latin affixes and roots help me unlock the meaning of unknown words? Task: Greek and Latin affixes and roots Standards: ELACC7L4, ELACC7L6, ELACC7L3, ELACC7W1, ELACC7L3 Greek and Latin Affixes Class discussion on the similarities/ differences of prefixes and suffixes ( Double Bubble Map) Prefix: an affix placed before a word, base, or another prefix to modify a term's meaning, as by making the term negative, as un- in unkind, by signaling repetition, as re- in reinvent, or by indicating support, as pro- in proabolition.
Suffix: an affix that follows the element to which it is added, as -ly in kindly. (Greek Roots Power point on Intranet, or visit Drop box explained at end of unit for resources) Prefixes & Suffixes Changing prefixes changes the meaning of a word. preview review Changing suffixes changes the function of a word fair (adjective) fairly (adverb) fairness (noun) Affixes and Roots 1 PREFIX
GREEK ROOT LATIN ROOT SUFFIX AFFIX/ROOT DEFINITION EXAMPLE mis- wrongly
misconduct in-, im-, ir, il not irrelevant anti- against anti-Semantic auto self
autonomous dys bad; hard dysfunctional mono one monotonous aud
to hear audible dict to speak dictator mal bad malevolent -able, -ible
is; can be commendable -ist one who does; one who makes activist -ence, -ance action; quality; condition of
tolerance Affixes and Roots III PREFIX GREEK ROOT LATIN ROOT SUFFIX AFFIX/ROOT DEFINITION EXAMPLE
dis- not; opposite of discriminate in-, im- in insubordinate super- above; beyond supercede
chron time chronological hypo below hypothetical photo/phos light
phosphorescent circum around circumstance ject to throw objection port to carry
deport -ic having characteristics of diplomatic -ly how something is belligerently
-ous, -eous, - having qualities courageous Affixes and Roots IV PREFIX GREEK ROOT LATIN ROOT SUFFIX AFFIX/ROOT
DEFINITION EXAMPLE bel- war rebel sub- under subordinate
semi- partial; not final semi-conscious hyper over; above hyperactive tele distance telecommunication
s therm heat thermal vid/vis to see visualize scrib/script to write
inscription voc voice; to call advocate -ism state of; act of plagiarism -ness
state of; condition of relentless -ment state of being; act of accomplishment
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