Latin and Greek Elements in English FINAL REVIEW

Latin and Greek Elements in English FINAL REVIEW

Latin and Greek Elements in English FINAL REVIEW MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY perianth a. a stony mass in the intestines b. an excess of red blood cells c. the envelope of a flower MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY

pentamerous a. consisting of five divisions b. defective formation of bone c. referring to the area between the heart and the diaphragm MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY anastomosis a. a connection between blood vessels b. the condition of having abnormally long

finger or toes c. the dissolution of tissue MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY neurasthenia a. a membrane surrounding an embryo b. depression characterized by fatigue and worry c. a lack of muscle tone MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY

osteophyte a. an inflammation of the stomach b. a diseased condition of the kidney c. a small bony outgrowth MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY histolysis a. a disorder in metabolism of fat b. the dissolution of tissue c. an x-ray of the bile ducts

MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY myocarditis a. a tumor composed of blood vessels b. a cell body of nerves c. inflammation of the walls of the heart MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY gymnorhinal a. referring to a moisture-loving plant

b. referring to birds with a nostril region not covered with feathers c. securing food with the tongue MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY hemotoxin a. a substance that destroys red blood cells b. an excessive development of tissue c. a treatment by means of rays MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY

empyema a. the ripening of fruits underground b. the study of the effects of radiation on living organisms c. the accumulation of pus in a body cavity MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY prothrombin a. a structure containing minute reproductive bodies

b. a substance which counteracts a toxin c. a plasma protein produced in the liver during the clotting of blood MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY acrocarpous a. having bare wings b. referring to a type of plant which bears fruit on the top of its stem c. able to run swiftly

MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY ophthalmotonometer a. an instrument for measuring tension within the eyeball b. an instrument for measuring the speed of rotation c. an instrument for measuring variations in temperature MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY

dolichomorphic a. having an affinity for the color red b. having a long form c. able to withstand wide variations in pressure MEDICAL AND SCIENTIFIC TERMINOLOGY parenteral a. p.t. impairment of speech articulation b. unable to see the color blue c. not passing through the digestive tract

LINGUISTIC TERMS illegal, assist, succumb What do these words have in common? repeating consonants ASSIMILATION LINGUISTIC TERMS acquiescence, convalesce, effervescent

What do these words have in common? the letters sc INCHOATIVE LINGUISTIC TERMS hiss, whizz, growl What do these words have in common? imitation of sounds ONOMATOPOEIA

LINGUISTIC TERMS vote, undertaker, disease What do these words have in common? a narrower meaning than the original meaning SPECIALIZATION LINGUISTIC TERMS the multitude, a beauty, a terror

What do these words have in common? abstract qualities acting as concrete things ABSTRACT-TO-CONCRETE LINGUISTIC TERMS a titanic effort, mammoth olives, bored to death What do these words have in common? exaggeration

HYPERBOLE LINGUISTIC TERMS deception, efficient, insidious What do these words have in common? a vowel change in the base CAPT- becomes CEPTFAC- becomes FICSED- becomes SID- VOWEL GRADATION LINGUISTIC TERMS

fiddle/viola, compute/count, ray/radius What do these words have in common? derived from the same parent word DOUBLETS LINGUISTIC TERMS moped, bit, hazmat What do these words have in common? combinations of clips

moped = motorcycle + bicycle pedal bit = binary + unit hazmat = hazardous + material BLEND LINGUISTIC TERMS familiar, sobriety, turtle What do these words have in common? ls and rs changing is changing to es

(familial, sobriity, turtur) DISSIMILATION LINGUISTIC TERMS CSI, laser, MASH What do these words have in common? created from the first letters of each word ACRONYM

LINGUISTIC TERMS neutralize, verbal counseling, targetrich area What do these words have in common? round-about way of speaking (military) CIRCUMLOCUTION LINGUISTIC TERMS mortify, atom, infinite What do these words have in common?

have lost their original strength probably due to overuse WEAKENING LINGUISTIC TERMS an eye for painting, an ear for music, a lot of heart What do these words have in common? concrete body parts used as abstract qualities

CONCRETE-TO-ABSTRACT LINGUISTIC TERMS vaccinate, execute, reune What do these words have in common? a simpler form of a word; have an affix removed BACK FORMATION LINGUISTIC TERMS

audiophile, battleax, superman What do these words have in common? elements from two different languages HYBRID (bad!) LINGUISTIC TERMS a stiff, an American, the rich What do these words have in common? all adjectives functioning as nouns; two words, one being an article (a, an, the)

SUBSTANTIVE LINGUISTIC TERMS fame, angel, lord What do these words have in common? a positive connotation ELEVATION LINGUISTIC TERMS

full-flowered woman, pass away, restroom What do these words have in common? less direct meanings EUPHEMISM LINGUISTIC TERMS humble pie, sacrilegious, primrose What do these words have in common? the true meanings have nothing to do with pie,

religion, or roses FOLK ETYMOLOGY LINGUISTIC TERMS exam, quake, lab What do these words have in common? super-short! CLIP

LINGUISTIC TERMS clap-trap, murmur, fake-bake What do these words have in common? repetition of sounds REDUPLICATION LINGUISTIC TERMS to, too, two

What do these words have in common? same pronunciation HOMONYM LINGUISTIC TERMS rococo, demon, senile What do these words have in common? negative connotation

DEGENERATION WORD DEFINITIONS ruminate a. to wander b. to think over; ponder c. to place in proper position WORD DEFINITIONS

Dutch act a. escape or suicide b. blunt speech c. memorable date WORD DEFINITIONS termagant a. a useless item b. a funeral song c. a violent, quarrelsome bully

WORD DEFINITIONS miasma a. the masses, commoners b. a really bad smell c. a middleman WORD DEFINITIONS hedonism a. the pursuit of pleasure b. an aggressive attack

c. an accidental stroke of good fortune WORD DEFINITIONS harbinger a. a wide road b. a large building for sporting events c. a forerunner WORD DEFINITIONS bantam

a. miniature b. with great speed and force c. a risk or danger WORD DEFINITIONS desultory a. a stimulating rebellion b. jumping from subject to subject c. dejected WORD DEFINITIONS

peripatetic a. expressing sorrow b. typical of country life, rustic c. wandering WORD DEFINITIONS dicker a. to block legislation b. to bargain c. to be stunned with shock

WORD DEFINITIONS denouement a. a group that sings and dances together b. the final resolution of a dramatic plot c. a calamity WORD DEFINITIONS dilettante a. a grant given as a means of assistance

b. a penalty for not showing up at a sporting event c. an untalented person who affects to be an artist WORD DEFINITIONS curry favor a. an act of gaining friendship through flattery b. a large, ceremonial fire c. bird watching

WORD DEFINITIONS bathos a. a purification b. sentimentalism c. a safe shelter IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources

Expressions The Law Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names

Sea Terms Sports and Games aloof, careen, arrive SEA TERMS IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources

Expressions The Law Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms

Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games curfew, fifth column, alert MILITARY TERMS IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts

Christian Sources Expressions The Law Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms

Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games gypsy, peach, turquoise PLACE NAMES IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts

Christian Sources Expressions The Law Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian

Terms Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games sold down the river, Dutch auction, flash in the pan EXPRESSIONS

IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions The Law Literary Terms Military Terms

Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games jeopardy, crestfallen, dark horse SPORTS AND GAMES

IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions The Law Literary Terms

Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games abominate, enthusiasm, taboo

NON-CHRISTIAN TERMS IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions The Law Literary Terms

Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games

hypocrite, chorus, pants LITERARY TERMS IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions The Law

Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms Sports and Games

dirge, talent, bonfire CHRISTIAN SOURCES IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions The Law

Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms

Sports and Games colossal, story, character THE ARTS IDIOMATIC SOURCES The Arts Christian Sources Expressions

The Law Literary Terms Military Terms Non-Christian Terms Place Names Sea Terms

Sports and Games ordeal, cheat, martyr THE LAW WORD ANALYSIS prefixes paragenesis para- beside

seclusive se- aside disaggregation dis- apart, not ag- toward analepsy ana- up, back

WORD ANALYSIS prefixes obdurate ob- toward, against morphosyntactic syn- together, with peracute

per- through cataglottism cata- down WORD ANALYSIS BASES disceptator CEPT- take, seize

isobar IS- equal BAR- weight, pressure graviloquence GRAV- heavy LOQU- to speak exocrine

CRI- separate WORD ANALYSIS BASES bibliolatry BIBLI- book LATR- worship pandemonium

PAN- all DEMON- evil spirit inherent pseudesthesia HER- to stick, remain PSEUD- false ESTHE- feel WORD ANALYSIS suffixes

equipedal -al p.t. dendroid -oid like executrix -rix she who does

diarchy -archy rule by WORD ANALYSIS suffixes philotheism -ism condition of chronometer

-meter measure vestimentary -ment result of -ary p.t. prothesis -sis act/state of SENTENCES

Shiva, the polyonymous Hindu god of destruction and regeneration, is also called Shambhu, Shankara, and Mahesha. POLYONYM-ous many name full of adjective having many names SENTENCES

The pens, the tongues, the fortunes, and the indomitable wills of many women were pledged to secure the right of the elective franchise. inin, into; not DOMIThouse, master -able able to be adj incapable of being subdued SENTENCES

Although DNA evidence is widely known to incriminate people, it is actually more often used to exculpate those unjustly accused of crimes. exCULP-ate out, from blame v.s. verb to clear from alleged fault or guilt; acquit

SENTENCES After noticing bivalve shells running in a horizontal span along the cut section of a cliffside, the scientist Shen Kuo devised a theory of geomorphology. GEoMORPH-ology earth form, shape science/study of noun the study of the evolution of landmarks

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