OVERVIEW January 2017 Photo: Jelly ear fungus (Auricularia

OVERVIEW January 2017 Photo: Jelly ear fungus (Auricularia

OVERVIEW January 2017 Photo: Jelly ear fungus (Auricularia auricula-judae), 10 Jan 2017, from Danish Mycological Society fungal records database https://demo.gbif.org/occurrence/1424728142 BY THE NUMBERS 1 Jan 2017 species occurrence records datasets 702,911,384 30,712 publishers Country Participants Organizational Participants 862 54 39 | 2 participation Current national participants http://www.gbif.org/participation/participant-list | 3 dataavailability Data published through GBIF.org

www.gbif.org/analytics/global | 4 dataaccessanduse Web traffic to GBIF.org, 2016 Rank Country/ Territory % Total Sessions Previous rank Pages / Session 1 United States 222,580 14.31% 1 4.51 2 India 100,826 6.40% 2 2.60

3 France 68,372 4.34% 5 3.69 4 Germany 67,198 4.27% 3 4.60 5 Brazil 62,625 3.98% 7 5.75 6 Spain 62,621 3.98% 4 5.70 7 United Kingdom

61,547 3.91% 6 5.38 8 Mexico 57,044 3.62% 8 8.30 9 Colombia 43,256 2.75% 9 5.70 37,722 2.40% 10 4.44 10 Italy Sessions |

5 communications Latest news 63.8 million new observations increase eBird total to 275 million records Annual dataset refresh grows by 30 per cent, with biggest gains in Asia and Europe Read more 'Names in November' workshop targets single shared species list Experts outline strategy for improving alien species information Partnership with taxonomic community aims for a single, sustainable information service for species names Read more Task group recommends actions for reducing the impacts of invasive species on biodiversity Read more | http://www.gbif.org/newsroom/summary Photo credits: (center) courtesy of Peter Schalk. (right) Abdomen of emerald ash borer (Argils planipennis) at 50x magnification by Macroscopic Solutions via Flickr. Photo licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0. 6 dataavailability

Occurrence records published by country, 2016 1 United States 83,774,897 2 Germany 15,837,819 3 United Kingdom 15,217,220 4 Netherlands 13,098,430 5 South Africa 9,630,896 6 Norway 4,519,715 7 Colombia 4,122,621 8 Denmark 4,048,381 9 Spain 3,175,906 10 Belgium

2,366,452 http://www.gbif.org/country | 7 dataaccessanduse Data download requests by country, 2016 1 United States 14,700 2 Mexico 14,053 3 Brazil 7,437 4 Spain 6,443 5 Colombia 5,431 6 United Kingdom 5,195 7 South Africa 3,492 8 India 3,480

9 China 3,046 10 Italy 2,389 | 8 dataavailability Total number of occurrence records published by country as of 31 Dec 2016 1 United States 269,908,182 2 Sweden 53,791,605 3 France 39,900,258 4 Australia 37,232,140 5 Germany 27,003,112 6 Netherlands 25,709,366

7 United Kingdom 22,986,875 8 South Africa 20,441,422 9 Spain 14,474,227 10 Belgium 11,360,898 http://www.gbif.org/country | 9 dataaccessanduse Peer-reviewed publications using GBIF-mediated data | 10 dataaccessanduse Peer-reviewed uses, by country and region, 2016 2016 Total # of papers by country 1 United States 148 2 United Kingdom 61

3 Germany 51 4 Brazil 50 5 Australia 48 6 China 41 1 Europe 351 6 Mexico 41 2 North America 173 8 France 39 3 Latin America 134 9 Spain 31 4 Asia 94

10 Canada 25 5 Africa 58 10 South Africa 25 6 Oceania 54 Total # of papers by region | 11 dataaccessanduse Featured research December 2016 1/2 Canavan S, Richardson DM, Visser V, Le Roux JJ, Vorontsova MS & Wilson JRU (2016) The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion. AOB Plants. doi:10.1093/aobpla/plw078 Author countries: South Africa, United Kingdom. Cramer MD & Verboom GA (2016) Measures of biologically relevant environmental heterogeneity improve prediction of regional plant species richness. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.1291 Author country: South Africa Dauby G, Zaiss R, Blach-Overgaard A et al. (2016) RAINBIO: a mega-database of tropical African vascular plants distributions. PhytoKeys 74: 1-18. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.74.9723 Author countries: France, Portugal, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom, United States, Germany Invasive alien species

Impact of climate change Species conservation and protected areas Biodiversity and human health Food, farming and biofuels Ecosystem services Horvitz N, Wang R, Wan FH & Nathan R (2016) Pervasive human-mediated large-scale invasion: analysis of spread patterns and their underlying mechanisms in 17 of China's worst invasive plants. Journal of Ecology 105: 85-94. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12692 Author countries: China, Israel Ivanova NV & Shashkov MP (2016) Biodiversity Databases in Russia: Towards a National Portal. Arctic Science doi:10.1139/AS-2016-0050 Author country: Russian Federation Liu HM, Zhang SZ, Wan T et al. (2016) Exploring the pteridophyte flora of the Eastern Afromontane biodiversity hotspot. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 54: 691-705. doi:10.1111/jse.12232 Author countries: China, Kenya, United Kingdom, Germany Advancing biodiversity science Data management Data papers | 12 dataaccessanduse Featured research December 2016 2/2 Lundgren MR & Christin PA (2016) Despite phylogenetic effects, C3C4 lineages bridge the ecological gap to C4 photosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany doi:10.1093/jxb/erw451 Author country: United Kingdom Pertierra LR, Aragn P, Shaw JD, Bergstrom DM, Terauds A & Olalla-Trraga M (2016) Global thermal niche models of two European grasses show high invasion risks in Antarctica. Global Change Biology doi:10.1111/gcb.13596 Author countries: Spain, Australia Schleuning M, Frnd J, Schweiger O et al. (2016) Ecological networks are more sensitive to plant than to animal extinction under climate change. Nature Communications 7 doi:10.1038/ncomms13965 Author countries: Germany, Canada, Poland, Switzerland, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Belgium,

Serbia, Australia Invasive alien species Impact of climate change Species conservation and protected areas Biodiversity and human health Food, farming and biofuels Ecosystem services Advancing biodiversity science Sikes DS, Trumbo ST & Peck SB (2016) Cryptic diversity in the New World burying beetle fauna: Nicrophorus hebes Kirby; new status as a resurrected name (Coleoptera: Silphidae: Nicrophorinae). Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny 74(3): 299-309. http://bit.ly/2ijxmqD Author countries: United States, Canada Spolberg S & Chou YY (2016) Conservation of Indigenous Vegetables from a Hotspot in Tropical Asia: What Did We Learn from Vavilov? Frontiers in Plant Science. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.01982 Author country: Taiwan Wyse SV & Dickie JB (2016) Predicting the global incidence of seed desiccation sensitivity. Journal of Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12725 Author country: United Kingdom Data management Data papers | 13 dataaccessanduse Featured research November 2016 1/2 Boavida J, Assis J, Silva I & Serro EA (2016) Overlooked habitat of a vulnerable gorgonian revealed in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic by ecological niche modelling. Scientific Reports 6: 36460. doi:10.1038/srep36460 Author country: Portugal Caldern L, Campagna L, Wilke T et al. (2016) Genomic evidence of demographic fluctuations and lack of genetic structure across flyways in a long distance migrant, the European turtle dove. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:237. doi:10.1186/s12862-016-0817-7 Author countries: Germany, United_States; France, United Kingdom, Spain, Bulgaria, Greece, Malta,

Italy. Chandler M, See L, Copas K et al. (2016) Contribution of citizen science towards international biodiversity monitoring. Biological Conservation. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.09.004 Author countries: United States, Austria, Denmark, Spain, Australia. Invasive alien species Impact of climate change Species conservation and protected areas Biodiversity and human health Food, farming and biofuels Ecosystem services Advancing biodiversity science Data management Curtis CA & Bradley BA (2016) Plant Distribution Data Show Broader Climatic Limits than Expert-Based Climatic Tolerance Estimates. PLoS ONE 11(11): : e0166407. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166407 Author country: United States. Advancing Biodiversity Sciences Dupin J, Matzke NJ, Srkinen T et al. (2016) Bayesian estimation of the global biogeographical history of the Solanaceae. Journal of Biogeography doi:10.1111/jbi.12898 Author countries: United States, Australia, United Kingdom. Gmez-Ruiz EP & Lacher TE (2016) Modelling the potential geographic distribution of an endangered pollination corridor in Mexico and the United States. Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.12499 Author countries: Mexico, United States. Data papers | 14 dataaccessanduse Featured research November 2016 2/2 Harris RMB, Kriticos DJ, Remenyi T & Bindoff N (2016) Unusual suspects in the usual places: a phylo-climatic framework to identify potential future invasive species. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-016-1334-8 Author country: Australia.

Marshall CAM, Wieringa JJ & Hawthorne WD (2016) Bioquality Hotspots in the Tropical African Flora. Current Biology 26(23): 3214-3219. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.045 Author countries: United Kingdom, Netherlands. Munson SM & Long AL (2016) Climate drives shifts in grass reproductive phenology across the western USA. New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.14327 Author country: United States. Impact of climate change Invasive alien species Impact of climate change Species conservation and protected areas Biodiversity and human health Food, farming and biofuels Ecosystem services Advancing biodiversity science Rivera D, Verde A, Obn C et al. (2016) Is there nothing new under the sun? The influence of herbals and pharmacopoeias on ethnobotanical traditions in Albacete (Spain). Journal of Ethnopharmacology. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2016.11.040 Author countries: Spain, Italy. Biodiversity and human health Vall-llosera M, Woolnough AP, Anderson D & Cassey P (2016) Improved surveillance for early detection of a potential invasive species: the alien Rose-ringed parakeet Psittacula krameri in Australia. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-016-1332-x Author countries: Australia, New Zealand. Invasive Alien Species Zizka A, Steege HT, Pessoa MDCR & Antonelli A (2016) Finding needles in the haystack: Where to look for rare species in the American tropics. Ecography. doi:10.1111/ecog.02192 Author countries: Sweden, Netherlands, Brazil. Advancing Biodiversity Sciences Data management Data papers | 15

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