CABI TOURISM TEXTS Introduction to Tourism Transport SVEN

CABI TOURISM TEXTS Introduction to Tourism Transport SVEN

CABI TOURISM TEXTS Introduction to Tourism Transport SVEN GROSS LOUISA KLEMMER COMPLIMENTARY TEACHING MATERIALS CABI TOURISM TEXTS Chapter 8 Cruise Ships CABI TOURISM TEXTS Cruise Ships cruise ship: a passenger ship intended to provide passengers with a full tourist experience. All passengers have cabins. Facilities for entertainment aboard are included (Glossary of Transport Statistics, 2009) cruise product complex package of transportation, accommodation and leisure facilities on board itinerary of several destinations to be visited overall experience is of primary importance

transportation itself plays only a secondary role CABI TOURISM TEXTS Institutional Framework IMO = International body responsible for maritime affairs Treaty - UNCLOS maritime zones Source : Adapted from The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1998 CABI TOURISM TEXTS Demand fastest growing segment within the leisure travel market average annual passenger growth rate: approx. 7.5% between 1980 and 2012: 225 million passengers International demand (numbers of passengers in millions) 25 20 15 10 5 0 2.18

1.37 1.45 3.44 4.05 4.46 5 10.38 10.45 10.29 2006 2007 2008 1.29 2.25 2.91

5.54 6.18 10.4 11.11 11.5 2009 2010 2011 0.87 2.14 6.91 2001 North America Europe Rest of the world Source: Adapted from G.P. Wild, 2012

CABI TOURISM TEXTS Supply Vessel ownership Ship owner Leasin g Management Power of disposition Broker of the ships Independent shipping company Financing company Charte r Shipping company Charter, General sales agent,

Commission sales agreements Charter, General sales agent, Commissio n sales agreement s Cruise sales Charter Cruise sales Tour operator Cruise sales Cruise sales Cruise customer Uncommon operating model Source: Adapted from Gross, 2011 Common operating model

CABI TOURISM TEXTS Supply Market shares of the major cruise shipping companies in 2010 (percentage share of berths) Others; 16.50% Mediterranean Shipping Cruises; 5.90% Star Cruises; 8.50% Royal Caribbean Cruise; 21.80% Source: ISL, 2012; ships of 1000 gt and over Carnival; 47.30% CABI TOURISM TEXTS Supply Passenger capacity of world active cruise fleet 19902012 500 450 400 1000 berths

350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 Source: ISL, 2012; ships of 1000 gt and over 2004 2006 2008

2010 2012 CABI TOURISM TEXTS Supply World passenger and cargo passenger fleet: average size development 1991-2012 12000 10500 gt 9000 7500 6000 4500 3000 1991 1993 1995

1997 1999 Passenger ships Source: ISL, 2012 2001 2003 2005 Passenger/rorro cargo ships 2007 2009 2011 CABI TOURISM TEXTS

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