Defense Information Systems Agency John Garing Chief Information

Defense Information Systems Agency John Garing Chief Information

Defense Information Systems Agency John Garing Chief Information Officer and Director Strategic Planning and Information Combat Support Agency Global DoD network voice, data, video Imagine, design, build, provision, sustain the Global Information Grid (GIG) Combat support data centers 16 in CONUS; one each in Europe and the Pacific Logistics, finance, transportation, command and control Warfighting capabilities and services Force provider to the Joint Task Force Global Network Operations (JTF GNO) Special missions $7.3 billion (appropriated and reimbursable) 6600 people 22 2 Interlocked Missions DISA JTF-GNO DISA Director dual-hatted as JTF-GNO Commander Engineers, acquires, fields, and sustains the Global Information Grid

Directs the operation and defense of the Global Information Grid The AT&T, AOL, Google, and OnStar for DoD global operations 3 Special Missions Joint Staff Support Center (JSSC) Connectivity for the NMCC and Joint Staff White House Communications Agency (WHCA) White House Situation Support Staff Connectivity for the Commander-in-Chief Defense Spectrum Organization (DSO) Spectrum management and allocation Defense Information Technology Contracting Organization (DITCO) Contracting for information technology Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) Interoperability testing and certification 4 DISAs Global Presence National Capital Region * Global NetOps Support Center (GNSC) (GNSC)

DISA CONUS DECC-Rock Island DISA Alaska DISA STRATCOM Defense Enterprise Computing Center (DECC) Ogden * Theater NetOps Center (TNC) - NORTHCOM DISA Headquarters White House Communications Agency (WHCA) Joint Staff Support Center (JSSC) Defense Spectrum Office (DSO) Joint Spectrum Center (JSC) DISA EUCOM * Joint Task Force - Global Network DECC-Europe Operations (JTF-GNO) * Theater NetOps Center * Global NetOps Center (GNC) (TNC) - EUCOM DISA Korea DECC-Mechanicsburg DECC-Chambersburg DECC-Dayton DISA Japan DECC-Columbus DECC-Denver DISA JFCOM DISA NORTHCOM

DISA Okinawa DECC-Norfolk DECC-San Diego DECC-Oklahoma City DISA TRANSCOM Joint Interoperability DECC-San Antonio Defense Information Technology DISA Guam Test Command Contracting Organization DECC-Huntsville DISA SWA DECC-Montgomery DECC-St.Louis DECC-Warner Robbins DISA CENTCOM DISA PACOM DISA SOCOM DECC-Jacksonville DECC-Pacific* Theater NetOps Center * Theater NetOps Center DISA SOUTHCOM (TNC) - PACOM (TNC) CENTCOM JTF-GNO Assets DISA field offices with DITCO Scott, Europe, Pacific, National Capitol Region (NCR) each Combatant Commander 5 From the Point of the Spear Extending enterprise services to the edge

Beyond the traditional DISN point of presence 6 to the Sustaining Base Defense Finance and Accounting Service Defense Logistics Agency 5.2M items managed 54,000 requisitions / day 8,200 contracts awarded / day $35.5B sales / services FY06 1, 312 weapons systems supported $94.1B inventory Comparable to #58 on the Fortune 500 (Sprint Nextel)

5.9M people paid 13.8M invoices 7M travel payments $424B in pay disbursements 57M accounting transactions $255B military retirement and health benefits managed $20.9B in foreign military sales Large, diverse enterprises 7 7 Global Connectivity Satellite Communications Base Base Base Teleports Base The Defense Information Systems Network (DISN) Core

Base Access fiber or leased bandwidth Base Base Other Terrestrial Connectivity Base Base Base 8 NIPRNet/SIPRNet Growth 30000 25000 2500 BW Growth: NIPR: 138% SIPR: 82% Customer Growth: NIPR: 24% SIPR: 10%

2000 20000 1500 15000 Oct-05 Oct-06 10000 1000 500 5000 0 NIPR Bandwidth (GB) Oct-05 Oct-06 0 SIPR Bandwidth (MB) Existing customers requesting more bandwidth

NIPR Connections SIPR Connections Factors Increased use of the DISN core Increased internet access 9 Southwest Asia DISA facilitated the greatest degree of growth of communications infrastructure in the shortest time period in the history of warfare 10 Change in the DISN Review of DISN funding and governance mandated by Strategic Planning Guidance as part of Enhanced Planning Process (EPP) for FY 2006 Review driven by three primary factors Incentivize data producers to share content with consumers without incurring large DISN costs Global Information Grid Bandwidth Expansion (GIG-BE) Appropriated funding, integration into the DISN DISN cost recovery and billing system Complicated rate structure Lacked transparency for predicting future costs

Outcomes of the EPP review DISN is a weapon system and must be treated as such Simplified billing methodology and offered incentives to data producers 11 DWCF Package/Size Alternative Weights/Shares Transport/ ISR Only No DISN Svcs Small Medium Large Mega DS-3 to OC3 to < OC12 > OC12 1 1 1

1 1 2 6 8 2 8 24 36 5 10 30 40 8 16 48 72

Essential Common User SIPR, NIPR, DSN, DMS, DVS C2 Command and Control SIPR, NIPR, DSN, DMS, DVS plus diversity C2 Plus C2 + JWICS or C2 + DRSN C2ISR C2 + DRSN + JWICS + ISR 20 New Rates Replace Thousands of Old Rates 12 12 Combat Support Computing Assured Systems That . . . provide command and control provision ships provide medical care manage transportation

manage parts and replenish supplies pay the warfighters manage maintenance The future scalable, on demand processing 13 13 Capacity Services Concept What we are moving to Acquire processing and storage capacity as a service provided by vendor partners Pay much like a homeowner pays for utilities, e.g., by CPU-hours or megabytes consumed Benefits Reduce time to add capacity Reduce overhead Simplify and reduce cost Streamline operating system and

storage configuration management Facilitate technological currency 14 DISA Data Centers of the Future - Geographic location irrelevant - Management from anywhere SOP - Agile, resilient, secure, available - Data-centric smart pull optimized Europe Mechanicsburg Columbus Chambersburg Ogden St. Louis Denver Dayton Norfolk Huntsville San Diego Hawaii Oklahoma City San Antonio

Montgomery Warner Robins Jacksonville 15 Net-Centric Enablers Current Systems Keys to Net-Centricity Net-Centric Capabilities Systems transformed into discrete capabilities - Enterprise Services - Commercial Service Oriented Architecture - Enterprise-Wide System Engineering Joint Capabilities - Federated Development & Certification Environment Now Systems Focus Stove-piped systems Information push

New - Joint Acquisition Management Future Capabilities Focus Net & Data - Centric Information pull Tomorrows Net-Centric Capabilities 16 16 Net-Centric Enterprise Services (NCES) Current Systems Net-Centric Capabilities User Access Systems transformed into discrete capabilities Collaboration Metadata Registry Service Security People Discovery

Service Discovery Mediation Now Systems Focus Stove-piped systems Information push Joint Capabilities Content Delivery Future New Content Discovery Enterprise Service Management Capabilities Focus Network & Data - Centric Information pull Enabling Warfighting, Intelligence, and Business Systems

17 17 NCES Enterprise Services Enterprise Service Management Service Security Ability to operate in a secure environment Real-time update and alert notification as information changes Mediation Exchange data with unanticipated users in unanticipated formats Metadata Registry Interoperability of data with shared semantics

Service Discovery Confidence that enterprise services are available and reliable People Discovery NCES Collaboration Communicate in real-time using voice, text, and video sessions Content Discovery Access to shared/ stored data; improved shared awareness Ability to develop and reuse capabilities regardless of platform; increased flexibility and agility

Locate people and network resources Content Delivery Improved Quality of Service Web-based source for information on NCES and access to its services NCES Spiral 1.0 Capabilities 18 Net-Centric Enterprise Services Product Line Perspective Metadata Registry Data Services Service Security Service Discovery

Service Oriented Architecture Foundation Enterprise Service Management Content Discovery People Discovery Content Delivery Content Discovery & Delivery Mediation Collaboration User Access via DKO Enterprise Collaboration Global Combat Support System Net-Enabled Command Capability Distributed Common Ground System Defense Technical Information Center Theater Battle Management Core System

Global Command & Control System Integrated Strategic Planning & Analysis Network National Geospatial-Intelligence Services Communities of Interest NCES Spiral 1.0 Capabilities Programs of Record & COI Users NCES is delivering capabilities to enable the Departments Net-Centric Transformation! 19 3 Net-Enabled Command Capability (NECC) Current C2 Systems Net-Enabled Command Capability Systems transformed into discrete capabilities NECC SANDBOX Other C2 Systems Operations Graduation

Operational Piloting C2 Capabilities Mission Thread i.e. Situational Awareness Development Piloting Development Now Systems Focus Stove-piped systems Information push New Increasing Capability Maturity Federated Development & Certification Environment (FDCE) aka the Sandbox NECC Transforming C2 Future Capabilities Focus Net & Data - Centric Information pull

2020 Federated Development & Certification Environment Warfighter/ User Community FDCE Test & Evaluation/ Certification Community Operations Increasing Capability Maturity Requirements Community Operational Piloting Capability modules Development Piloting

Development Materiel Provider/Sustainment Community Collaboratively developed and operationally responsive 21 21 Defense Spectrum Management - Strategic Spectrum Management Planning Spectrum Planning DoD Requirements and Policies SM Strategic Plans t op m en el SM O pe rat ion s

tie s De v SM g nin an l P ab ili r St gic ate rid Ca p m for n

I l oba l g G blin eless a n E Wir e th nG atio - Capabilities Development and Acquisition Equipment Spectrum Certification Host Nation Coordination/Approval Electromagnetic Compatibility Analysis - Spectrum Management Operations Frequency Assignments Electromagnetic Interference Analysis and Resolution SM Support Services (Tools/Information) 22

Presidential Communications Converged Networks IP Everywhere Mobile Communications Fixed Plant 23 ADAMS AFSORT DET Todays Problem ALOG AMP CAMPS ASORTS CFAST DARWIN Force Sustainment CFAST COMPASS DMS DMDC




Situational Awareness GDSS Grenadier Brat GTN Intelligence IAS TBMCS JSTARS UAV GCS Lateral Tell Link 11/16 C2PC NATO ICC DCTS DMS DNS Empire E-Mail GPS Print Services USN Observatory

Dwf WebCOP Alerts AMHS Infrastructure Tightly coupled technical interfaces NATO JOIIS NNSOC NRTD QTRACS SBMCS SDDC - TEA TBMCS 24 24 TDDS The DISA Strategy 25 The Foundations Developed through customer and private sector outreach and coordination Sharing and defense of information enabling the

sharing of information while staunchly protecting it Speed deliver IT capabilities and services faster Power to the edge extend enterprise services to the edge Operational excellence accelerate operational effectiveness and efficiency Financial transparency customers know and understand the value and costs of DISA capabilities and services Think big, build small, scale rapidly 1126 Buying ABCs adopt before buy, buy before create Army Knowledge Online as the enterprise portal Use of Armys ITES-2 contract for the core NCES element NCES collaboration tool as a commercially managed service Content discovery delivered by DNI Content staging delivered by DISA Computing Services Capability broker Creative competition Collaboration two-button approach vendors paid by use Minimize size of requirements documents

Build small Program size is our enemy Large, prescriptive documents hinder flexibility Small modules of service built by small teams Enable ourselves to kill early 27 The World Is In Constant Change 28 Why We Worry Those who survive and thrive are the ones who understand the trends and make intentional decisions about their own destiny. These investments portend a fundamental change in computing and communicationsthe infrastructure is being financed by growth in search, on-line advertising, and consumer use of the internet. Ray Ozzie Microsoft 29 Continuously Learning Frequent visits and discussions with private sector CIOs 30

What Can Be Done 31 Take Aways Consumers are in charge Consumers drive volume and volume drives business Enterprises no longer in the drivers seat Some of the most advanced data centers are consumer targeted Failure and speed Charles Phillips, Oracle Perfect no, fast always Douglas Merrill, Google Mistakes and failures are way more valuable than successes Yogesh Gupta, CA Celebrate quick failures Minimize requirements work to objectives, not specs The Google model small and quick Small teams building small services Speed from idea to lab to user testing Easy to kill 32 Take Aways Commodity computing, storage, and communications The burden of legacy New companies, e.g., Google, Amazon, have no legacy Old companies do. And the DoD Adopt and adapt where we can Build small

Large, prescriptive documents hinder flexibility Small modules of service built by small teams Rush to our mistakes kill early Accept the 80% solution fast, not perfect Its all about speed 33 33 Web 2.0 Blogs, wikis, social networking, IPTV Amateurization of technology implies a power shift Always on ubiquitous Real time information and immediate feedback Provides New distribution channels Early warning through the blogosphere Radical transparency Connected youth

The lunch money problem Skiing and instant messaging Hokie blogging VADM Mark Edwards assessment Who deploys and controls Web 2.0? 34 Converged IP Services Over the GIG Satellite Communications Services Services Base Base Base Services Teleport Base Access fiber or leased bandwidth The DISN Core

Services Services Base Enterprise Computing Centers Base Base Other Terrestrial Connectivity Base Services Base Base Services NCES and NECC Converged services over the DISN 3535 35 DISA and BRAC BRAC decision: move DISA headquarters to Fort Meade Timing 2010-11

Major concern: continuity of the mission 75% of the workforce lives in Northern Virginia Commute time is a significant quality of life issue Family issues important in NCR Reconstituting lost talent may take a long time Each existing employee has knowledge, skills, and experience that cannot be hired from the street Strategies Human resources plan retention, relocation, recruitment allowances Telework on steroids 36 Customer Conference 2008 38 Forecast To Industry The DISA Forecast to Industry 2007 will take place on Monday, September 24 from 8 a.m. 4 p.m., a free event. Where: FDIC Training Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, Arlington, VA, 22201 DISAs senior leadership will present briefings to address requirements, and planned procurements for the 2008/2009 fiscal years. Attendees will have the opportunity to speak with senior leaders and acquisition representatives during question and answer sessions and on an individual basis. Pre-registration is required for this event. Log on to: and click on Forecast to Industry to register for this important event.

39 Where You Can Help We are buying differently Speed, speed, speed Extending services to the edge Always on 40

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