2019 NFHS FOOTBALL RULES POWERPOINT National Federation of
2019 NFHS FOOTBALL RULES POWERPOINT National Federation of State High School Associations Take Part. Get Set For Life. NATIONAL FEDERATION OF STATE HIGH SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONS (NFHS) NATIONAL FEDERATION OF STATE HIGH SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONS NFHS (located in Indianapolis, IN Est. 1920):
National leadership organization for high school sports and fine arts activities; National authority on interscholastic activity programs. Conducts national meetings; Sanctions interstate events; Produces national publication for high school administrators; National source for interscholastic coach training and national information center. www.nfhs.org
NATIONAL FEDERATION OF STATE HIGH SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONS Membership = 50 member state associations and D.C. NFHS reaches more than 19,000 high schools and 12 million participants in high school activity programs, including more than 7.9 million in high school sports. www.nfhs.org NATIONAL FEDERATION OF STATE HIGH SCHOOL ASSOCIATIONS The NFHS writes playing rules for 17 sports
for boys and girls at the high school level. Publishes 4 million pieces of materials annually. www.nfhs.org NFHS RULES REVIEW COMMITTEE The NFHS Rules Review Committee is chaired by the chief operating officer and composed of all rules editors. After each committee concludes its deliberations and has adopted its recommended changes for the subsequent year, such revisions will be evaluated by the Rules Review Committee.
Davis Whitfield Chief Operating Officer Lindsey Atkinson Girls Lacrosse and Volleyball Bob Colgate Football and Sports Medicine Sandy Searcy
Softball and Swimming & Diving Elliot Hopkins Baseball and Wrestling James Weaver Julie Cochran Cross Country, Gymnastics, Boys Lacrosse and Spirit Field Hockey and Track & Field
Theresia Wynns Basketball and Soccer Dan Schuster Ice Hockey www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL RULES CHANGES NFHS FOOTBALL RULES
Each state high school association adopting these NFHS football rules is the sole and exclusive source of binding rules interpretations for contests involving its member schools. Any person having questions about the interpretation of NFHS football rules should contact the football rules interpreter designated by his or her state high school association. The NFHS is the sole and exclusive source of model interpretations of NFHS football rules. State rules interpreters may contact the NFHS for model football rules interpretations. No other model football rules interpretations should be considered. www.nfhs.org Rule Change
POSTSEASON INSTANT REPLAY RULES 1-3-7 NOTE (NEW), TABLE 1-7 1-3-7 NOTE (NEW) By adoption, state associations may create instant replay procedures that permit game or replay officials to use a replay monitor during state postseason contests to determine if a decision by the on-field game officials is incorrect.
www.nfhs.org Rule Change FOOTBALL JERSEY NUMBERS RULE 1-5-1c The entire body of the number (the continuous horizontal bars and vertical strokes) exclusive of any border(s) shall be approximately 1 inches wide.
www.nfhs.org Rule Change FOOTBALL JERSEY NUMBERS RULES 1-5-1c, 1-5-1c(6) (NEW) A B C
D The style of the numbers on all four of these jerseys are legal now and will be in 2024 as well. www.nfhs.org Rule Change FOOTBALL JERSEY NUMBERS RULES 1-5-1c, 1-5-1c(6) (NEW) A B
C D The style of the numbers on these jerseys are legal through the 2023 season. The following four types of number designs will be illegal in 2024. www.nfhs.org Rule Change FORMATION
RULES 2-14-1, 7-2-5a A scrimmage formation requires a minimum of five A players legally on their line and no more than four players behind their line at the snap. This formation would be a foul at the snap. www.nfhs.org Rule Change FORMATION
RULES 2-14-1, 7-2-5a Even though there are only 10 Team A players on the field, because there are at least five linemen properly numbered and no more than four backs, this formation is legal. www.nfhs.org Rule Change PLAY CLOCK
RULES 2-35, 3-6-1, 3-6-2a, 7-2-1 Referee gives ready-for-play signal and 25-second play clock begins before a try following a score; to start a period or overtime series; following administration of an inadvertent whistle; following a charged timeout and following an officials timeout. www.nfhs.org Rule Change
PLAY CLOCK RULES 2-35, 3-6-1, 3-6-2a, 7-2-1 The play clock is set to 40 and is started immediately when a running play ends, team A gains a first down or after an incomplete pass. www.nfhs.org Rule Change PLAY CLOCK
RULES 2-35, 3-6-1, 3-6-2a, 7-2-1 Runner goes out of bounds (PlayPic A). Play clock is set to 40 and is started immediately (PlayPic B). The ball is marked ready for play when the umpire sets the ball and walks away to his position (PlayPic C). www.nfhs.org
Rule Change PLAY CLOCK RULES 2-35, 3-6-1, 3-6-2a, 7-2-1 When the 40-second play clock is in force, the ball is considered ready for play when the ball is placed and the umpire has moved to his position. www.nfhs.org Rule Change
PLAY CLOCK RULES 2-35, 3-6-1, 3-6-2a, 7-2-1 When the covering official declares the ball dead with an upraised arm, the play clock begins its countdown from 40 seconds. www.nfhs.org Rule Change
PLAY CLOCK RULE 7-2-1 LEGAL ILLEGAL In MechaniGram A, A1, who was downfield on the previous play, comes back inside the 9-yard marks prior to the umpire setting the ball with 35 seconds on the play clock and then immediately goes outside the marks after the ready-for-play. In MechaniGram B, A1 remains outside the 9-yard marks with 32 seconds on the play clock when the ball is placed by the umpire. The requirement remains in place that all players get inside the 9-yard marks after the ready-for-play and before the snap. www.nfhs.org
Rule Change PLAY CLOCK RULE 7-2-1 LEGAL In MechaniGram A, the ball is placed by the umpire with 35 seconds on the play clock and A1, who was downfield on the previous play, then comes back inside the 9-yard marks. In MechaniGram B, A1 then goes outside the 9-yard marks with 32 seconds on the play clock. That is legal. A1 has met the requirement to be inside the 9-yard marks after the ready-for-play and before the snap.
www.nfhs.org Rule Change TRIPPING RULES 2-45, 9-4-3o (NEW), 9-4-3o PENALTY (NEW) The foul for tripping has been expanded to include the runner. It is now illegal to trip any opponent. Tripping is the intentional use of the lower leg or foot to obstruct an opponent
below the knee. The penalty is 15 yards. www.nfhs.org Rule Change ILLEGAL KICKING AND BATTING RULES 6-2-1 PENALTY, 9-7 PENALTY The penalties for illegally kicking the ball (PlayPic A) and illegally batting the ball
(PlayPic B) have been reduced from 15 yards to 10 yards. www.nfhs.org Rule Change ILLEGAL HORSE-COLLAR TACKLE RULES 9-4-3k The name plate area (directly below the back collar) has been added to the criteria for an illegal horse-collar tackle. It is a foul to grab the
inside back, name plate area or side collar of either the shoulder pads or the jersey of the runner and subsequently pull (backwards or sideward) that opponent to the ground, even if possession is lost. The horse-collar is enforced as a live-ball foul. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL EDITORIAL CHANGES Editorial Change
PENALTY ENFORCEMENT RULES 5-2-2, 5-2-4, 10-4-2c EXCEPTION, 10-5-1j Team R may choose penalty enforcement from the succeeding spot for a foul other than kickcatching interference that occurs from the start of a kick down until the kick ends. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL EDITORIAL CHANGES 1-1-9
1-3-6, 3-1-2, 3-3-1, 3-4, 34-1, 3-4-2, 3-4-3, 3-4-4, 34-5, 3-5-9, 1-5-5, 9-6-4b 1-6-1 NOTE, 2-24-3, 2-265, 3-5-2 NOTE b, 3-5-3, 35-6, 4-3-6, 5-3-1, Table 1-7 2-6-2b 2-8, 2-25-1, 2-28-1, 2-43, 3-5-7j, 3-6-2d, 4-1-6, 5-3-2 NOTE, 7-1-5, 7-1-7, 8-3-2, Added reference to Rule 1-3-7 NOTE. Added game before clock. Added intermission after halftime. Deleted signal after ready-for-play.
Further clarified some of the state association adoptions. Changed hash to 9-yard marks. Deleted marked before ready-for-play. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL EDITORIAL CHANGES Table 3-1, 3-5-10, 3-4-6 3-4-8 5-2-2, 5-2-4 6-5-4 6-5 PENALTY
7-2-6 7-2 PENALTY TABLE 7-5-2, TABLE 7-5 8-5-2 EXCEPTION Further clarified periods, intermission and the game clock. Added game or play before clock. Clarified timing by adding by the game or play clock. Further clarified succeeding spot enforcement. Added next before down. Added S7 to delay of game. Further clarified a huddle and shift.
Clarified the rules references for the penalties on illegal numbering and illegal formation. Added incomplete to better describe a thrown pass. Further clarified that once the ball leaves the end zone, the original momentum is canceled. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL EDITORIAL CHANGES 9-2-3a 9-3 PENALTY 9-4 PENALTY 9-9-5 NOTE 10-4-2c EXCEPTION
10-5-1c 10-5-1j Resolving Tied Games Nine-, Eight-, Six-Player Rules Differences Penalty Summary Changed rules reference from 2-3-4 to 2-3-5. Deleted the penalty for tripping from 9-3. Added the penalty illegal tripping to 9-4. Changed the rules references from 9-10-3 and 9-10-4 to 9-9-3 and 9-9-4. Added prior to the end of the kick to further clarify. Changed the rules reference from 9-10 to 9-9.
Added prior to the end of the kick to further clarify. In 3-1, added three-minute before Intermission. Clarified that at least three A players shall be on the line at the snap in both NinePlayer and Eight-Player Rules. Updated rules references and penalty signal numbers. Also, added Illegal kicking or batting the ball to the Loss of 10 Yards summary. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL POINTS OF EMPHASIS 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL POINTS OF EMPHASIS 1. Proper Procedures for Weather Delays
2. Free-Blocking Zone and Legal Blocking www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis PROPER PROCEDURES FOR WEATHER DELAYS In PlayPic A, game is suspended with 4:00 left in 2nd period due to lightning. In PlayPic B, after 30-minute delay, game resumes and
reaches halftime intermission. Halftime Intermission is still required to be at least 10 minutes in length. www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING The free-blocking zone is a rectangular area extending laterally 4 yards either side of
the spot of the snap and 3 yards behind each line of scrimmage. A player is in the free-blocking zone when any part of his body is in the zone at the snap. www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING In MechaniGram A, lineman A4 was inside the free-blocking zone at the snap. In MechaniGram B, Blitzing linebacker B5 was not in the free-blocking zone at
the snap and was not a lineman. When A4 blocks B5 below the waist, that is a foul. www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING ILLEGAL In MechaniGram A, Team A is in shotgun formation. In MechaniGram B, back A3, who was outside the free-blocking zone, is outside the free-blocking zone when he blocks B5, who is also outside the zone, below the waist. That is a foul.
www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING ILLEGAL In MechaniGram A, Team A is in shotgun formation. In Mechanigram B, back A3, who was outside the free-blocking zone, is outside the free-blocking zone when he blocks B1 below the waist. That is a foul. www.nfhs.org
Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING In Mechanigram A, because A6 did not immediately begin his block on the snap, he may not block below the waist. In Mechanigram B, the initial thrust is simultaneous with the snap. That is a legal block. www.nfhs.org Points of Emphasis FREE-BLOCKING ZONE AND LEGAL BLOCKING In MechaniGram A, A3
takes a backward pass on a toss sweep with A10 the lead blocker. In MechaniGram B, defender B4 blocks A10 below the waist to free up other defenders. That is a foul. ILLEGAL www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL
RULES REMINDERS Rules Reminder GAME CLOCK OPTION RULE 3-4-7 With less than 2 minutes left in the half and the game clock running, A false starts (MechaniGram A). The offended team may choose to start the game clock on the snap (PlayPic B). www.nfhs.org Rules Reminder
ENCROACHMENT RULE 7-1-6 After the ready-for-play signal and after the snapper is in contact with the ball, it is encroachment if a defensive player contacts the ball or the snappers arms or hands until the snap is completed (Rule 2-40). www.nfhs.org Rules Reminder PASS INTERFERENCE RULE 7-5-10
Face guarding (without contact) in and of itself is no longer considered an act of forward pass interference. www.nfhs.org 2018-2019 NFHS FOOTBALL GAME OFFICIALS MANUAL 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL GAME OFFICIALS MANUAL REMINDERS 2019 is a non-print year for the NFHS Football Game Officials Manual. Added in 2018, that some white accents are now allowed on the black football shoe that game officials wear as a part of the game official uniform.
2019 Game Officials Manual Points of Emphasis (See pages 86-87 of the 2018-2019 NFHS Football Game Officials Manual): 1. Equipment Issues to be Addressed 2. Consistent Pace of Play Throughout the Game 3. Timing Rules and Procedures The Game Officials Manual Committee updated for 2019 the following two items: 1. NFHS General Instructions for Football Game and Play Clock Operators 2. NFHS General Instructions for Football Line-To-Gain Crews www.nfhs.org UPDATE ON RECOMMENDED CREW COMMUNICATION SIGNALS FOR 2019 Visible count by R (Four-Game
Officials Crew) and BJ (FiveGame Officials Crew) of the last five seconds when the on-field 40/25-second play clocks are not utilized. www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS FOOTBALL INFORMATION 2020 NFHS FOOTBALL RULE CHANGE PROPOSAL ONLINE FORM Due:
November 1, 2019 Must be submitted to your state association office for approval. www.nfhs.org 2019-20 NFHS FOOTBALL INFORMATION 2019 Online NFHS Football Rules State Interpreters Meeting July 23, 2019 2:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) 2019 Online Midseason NFHS Football Rules Webinar September 30, 2019
2:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) 2020 NFHS Football Rule Change Proposal Form Due November 1, 2019 2020 NFHS Football Rules Committee Meeting January 12-14, 2020 Indianapolis, IN www.nfhs.org NFHS RULES BOOK AS E-BOOKS E-books features:
Searchable Highlight areas of interest Make notes Easy navigation Adjustable viewing size Immediate availability www.nfhs.org
Quizzes for all sports Easy navigation Immediate availability Free to paid members of the NFHS Coaches and Officials Associations www.nfhs.org/erules for more information www.nfhs.org 2019 NFHS OFFICIALS EDUCATION OFFICIALS EDUCATION
UPDATED OFFICIALS EDUCATION COURSES AND VIDEO IS LOCATED AT www.NFHSLearn.com SPORTS-SPECIFIC OFFICIATING COURSES WWW.NFHSLEARN.COM Introduction to mechanics and techniques
used in each sport Ideal for new officials or those in first few years of officiating 20-45 minutes to complete Topics vary based on the needs of the officials in the sport NFHS Officials Association members cost is $10 Non-members - course is $20 API available to state associations to collect results THANK YOU National Federation of State High School Associations
PO Box 690 | Indianapolis, IN 46206 Phone: 317-972-6900 | Fax: 317.822.5700 www.nfhs.org | www.nfhslearn.com www.nfhs.org
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