GLG310 Structural Geology Todays plan Continue Force, Stress, and Strength (Chapter 3) [continue reading Chapter 3] Be sure to cross reference the lecture and the textbook February 27, 2020
GLG310 Structural Geology Force, Stress, and Strength Introduction Dynamic analysis Force Tractions (stress simply)
Stress Relationships between stress and strain Deformation experiments February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology Stress simply Simple definition of stress (for the moment) =
pressure =Force/Area February 27, 2020 Stress simply Stress = Force/Area = N/m2 = Pascal = Pa Blaise Pascal, was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. Pascal's earliest
work was in the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the study of fluids, and clarified the concepts of pressure and vacuum. Pascal also wrote in defense of the scientific method. Born: June 19, 1623, Clermont-Ferrand Died: August 19, 1662, Paris (Wikipedia)
Stress and deformation Use your stress and deformation words correctly: Stress Deformation (strain) Tension Extension Compression
Contraction or shortening -watch out for Art Sylvester! http://www.geol.ucsb.edu/faculty/sylvester/ https://www.azpm.org/s/5840-a-visit-to-the-ray-mine
Ray Mine AZ: rocks come from depth overburden Tractions and stress Replace effect of adjacent rocks with forces Rock
quarried from the earth Tractions and stress A more strict definition of stress Traction is stress relative to a surface through a point p. Stress tensor is the field of tractions
acting over a point p. Stress field is the entire collection of stress tensors in a body. February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology Tractions and stress Start with equilibrium (Newtons 3rd
Law): Resolve each into its components in the coordinate directions February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology
Tractions and stress Total torque must vanish February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology Tractions and stress Sign Conventions: compression positive
In many engineering situations, we consider tension as positive and compression negative. This is not usually the case in structural
geology. -Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics by Jaeger and Cook (3rd ed., p. 10) Normal vector: unit length, perpendicular to plane A polygon and two of its normal vectors
A normal to a surface at a point is the same as a normal to the tangent plane to that surface at that point. A vector field of normals to a surface
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normal_(geometry) Tractions and stress (a) Traction or Stress vector (b) Equilibrium
Cauchys relationship (c) Components of the Traction Vector Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy (21 August 1789 23 May 1857) was a French mathematician who was an early pioneer of analysis. He started the project of
formulating and proving the theorems of infinitesimal calculus in a rigorous manner. A profound mathematician, Cauchy exercised a great influence over his contemporaries and successors. His writings cover the entire range of mathematics and mathematical physics. More concepts and theorems have been named for Cauchy than for any other mathematician (in elasticity alone there are sixteen concepts and theorems named for Cauchy).
February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology Equilibrium February 27, 2020
GLG310 Structural Geology Multiple sources of stress February 27, 2020 GLG310 Structural Geology Stress tensor
Stress tensor February 27, 2020 Stress tensor