Focus & Within Grade Coherence in Grades 68 January 2018 1 We know from experience the hard work teachers face every day as they strive to help all of their students meet the challenges set by higher Standards. We are a diverse team of current and former classroom teachers, curriculum writers, school leaders, and education experts who have worked in the public, private, and nonprofit sectors. We are dedicated to empowering teachers by providing free, high-quality, Standards-aligned resources for the classroom, the opportunity for unbiased and immersive training through our Institutes, and the option of support through our website offerings.
2 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Introduction: Who I Am Insert photo Insert photo Name 1 Name 2
3 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Introduction: Who You Are Raise your hand if
you are a math teacher you are a math teacher coach you hold a different role you teach in a district school you teach in a charter school you teach or work in a different type of school or organization you teach monolingual students you teach bilingual or multilingual students 4 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Icebreaker
Share with the people at your table: Where are you from? What do you do? What gets you up in the morning? No, seriously, why do you do this work? Look at the cluster headings on your table. As a group, decide which three clusters you would spend the most time teaching and why. 5 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 The Shifts 1. Focus strongly where the Standards focus. 2. Coherence: Think across grades, and link to major topics within grades. 3. Rigor in major topics: Pursue conceptual understanding, procedural skill and fluency, and application with equal intensity.
6 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 This Week Day Ideas Monday Focus and Within Grade Coherence Tuesday Rigor and the Mathematical Practices
Wednesday Across Grade Coherence and Instructional Practice Thursday Adaptation and Curriculum Study Friday Adaptation and Practice Do the math
Equity for all Connect to our practice 7 FOCUS IN GRADES 6-8 We Will Go deeper on standards and shifts and see how they play out in curriculum and instruction. Examine standards-aligned resources. Do a lot of math problems. Think about how we can ensure equitable math instruction for all students.
Think about how what we are learning impacts what we will do in school. 8 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 We Take Data Seriously 3-minute online Daily Survey. Facilitators will address feedback the following day. Thursday 10 minute online Knowledge Survey Post-Test. Answer key will be available.
9 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Norms That Support Our Learning Take responsibility for yourself as a learner. Honor timeframes (start, end, and activity). Be an active and hands-on learner.
Use technology to enhance learning. Strive for equity of voice. Contribute to a learning environment in which it is safe to not know. Identify and reframe deficit thinking and speaking. 10
FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Today Morning: Focus in Grades 68 Afternoon: Focus and Within Grade Coherence in Grades 68 11 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Morning Objectives Participants will be able to describe the structure of the standards and how it translates to the learning and teaching of mathematics. Participants will be able to identify clusters of standards as major, supporting, or additional. Participants will be able to explain how specific content supports learning
and teaching of major work. Participants will be able to explain how attending to the shift of focus is an equitable practice in Standards-aligned math instruction. 12 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Morning Agenda I. Framing the Challenge II. Understanding Focus
III. Major, Supporting, and Additional Content IV. Deeper Dive: Major Work 13 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 I. Framing the Challenge 14 FOCUS IN GRADES 68
Equity Equity is engaging in practices that meet students where they are and advances their learning by giving them what they need. Its about fairness, not sameness. Equity ensures that all childrenregardless of circumstancesare receiving high-quality and Standards-aligned instruction with access to high-quality materials and resources. We want to ensure that Standards-aligned instruction is a pathway to the equitable practices needed to close the gaps caused by systemic and systematic racism, bias, and poverty. All week, we will explore our learning through an equity lens, and we will capture those moments visibly here in our room. 15 FOCUS IN GRADES 68
EquityEnvision It So You Can See It For leaders, it is important to have a clear vision of what educationally equitable environments look like. Gorksi and Salwell provide five principles to guide you. 4 min. Jot down concrete examples of what an equitable education environment would look like, sound like, and feel like to students, families, and staff. 6 min. Share in pairs at your tables, looking for commonalities and new ideas to expand your thinking. 5 min. Share with the whole group ideas you heard that will help all of us. Looks Like Sounds Like 16 Feels Like
FOCUS IN GRADES 68 II. A Call for Focus A focused, coherent progression of mathematics learning, with an emphasis on proficiency with key topics, should become the norm in elementary and middle school mathematics curricula. Any approach that continually revisits topics year after year without closure is to be avoided. By the term focused, the Panel means that curriculum must include (and engage with adequate depth) the most important topics underlying success in school algebra. Improvements like those suggested in this report promise immediate positive results with minimal additional cost. National Mathematics Advisory Panel 17 FOCUS IN GRADES 68
Focus in the Standards The Common Core calls for greater focus in mathematics. Rather than racing to cover many topics in a mile-wide, inch-deep curriculum, the Standards ask math teachers to significantly narrow and deepen the way time and energy are spent in the classroom. This means focusing deeply on the major work of each grade. 18 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Why Focus? This focus will help students gain strong foundations, including a solid understanding of concepts, a high degree of procedural skill and fluency, and the ability to apply the math they know to solve problems inside and outside the classroom.
19 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Quick Review Grade Level Domain Cluster Standard 20 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Where to Focus?
21 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Focus by Grade Level This shows where students and teachers should spend the large majority of their time in order to meet the expectations of the Standards. Not all content in a given grade is emphasized equally in the Standards. Some clusters require greater emphasis than others based on the depth of the ideas, the time that they take to master, and/or their importance to future mathematics or the demands of college and career readiness. More time in these areas is also necessary for students to meet the Standards for Mathematical Practice. To say that some things have greater emphasis is not to say that anything in the Standards can safely be neglected in instruction. Neglecting material will leave gaps in student skill and understanding and may leave
students unprepared for the challenges of a later grade. 22 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 III. Focus by Grade Level Major clusters are the highest priority. Supporting clusters are designed to support and strengthen areas of major emphasis. Additional clusters may not connect tightly or explicitly to the major work. 23 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Focus by Grade Level
ProtocolMajor Work 1. 2. 3. 4. Read the focus document for your grade(s). Identify the major work for your grade(s). Identify the major work for the other grades in this gradeband. Identify themes for major work across this gradeband. 24 Deficit views of historically marginalized children, their families, and communities because of race, class, language, and culture persist in educational conversations and research (Valencia, 2010) Deficit thinking implies that students lack knowledge and experiences
expected by the dominant group. National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics and TODOS: Mathematics for ALL, 2016 25 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 IV. Digging Into Major Work Protocol: 1. Do the mathone task per grade. 2. Identify the standard and why the task aligns.
3. Discuss the alignment with a partner at your table. 4. Explain how you could ensure equitable math instruction for all students with regard to the tasks you choose. 26 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Major WorkGrade 6 6.RP.A.3 Jasmine has taken an online boating safety course and is now completing her
end-of-course exam. As she answers each question, the progress bar at the bottom of the screen shows what portion of the test she has finished. She has just completed Question 16 and the progress bar shows she is 20% complete. How many total questions are on the test? Use a table, diagram, or equation to justify your answer. 27 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Major WorkGrade 7 7.RP.A.1 Molly runs 1/3 of a mile in 4 minutes. a. b.
If Molly continues at the same speed, how long will it take her to run one mile? Draw and label a picture showing why your answer to part (a) makes sense. 28 FOCUS IN GRADES 68 Major WorkGrade 8 8.FA.1 The following table shows the amount of garbage that was produced in the US each year between 2002 and 2010 (as reported by the EPA). Let's define a function which assigns to an input t (a year between 2002 and 2010) the total amount of garbage, G, produced in that year (in million tons).
To find these values, you can look them up in the table. a. How much garbage was produced in 2004? b. In which year did the US produce 251 million tons of garbage? c. Does the table describe a linear function? d. Draw a graph that shows this data. 29 Lunch 12:001:00 30 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Today Morning: Focus in Grades 68
Afternoon: Focus and Within Grade Coherence in Grades 68 31 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Afternoon Objectives Participants will be able to identify connections between content within a grade level.
Participants will be able to evaluate a sample scope and sequence by determining whether or not it covers grade-level content; evaluating the amount of time spent on major, supporting, and additional work; and recognizing purposeful connections between content (i.e., between major and supporting and between major and major). 32 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Afternoon Agenda I. Deeper Dive: Supporting Work II.
Connect to Practice: Impact of Focus III. Coherence Within the Grade IV. Connect to Practice: Evaluate a Scope and Sequence 33 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 I. Digging into Supporting Work Protocol
1. 2. 3. Identify the supporting work for your grade(s) using the focus documents. Do the mathidentify the standard. Discuss how this standard supports major work. 34 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Supporting in Grade 6 6.G.A.2 35
FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Supporting in Grade 7 7.SP.C.6 Each of the 20 students in Mr. Anderson's class flipped a coin ten times and recorded how many times it came out heads. a. How many heads do you think you will see out of ten tosses? b. Would it surprise you to see 4 heads out of ten tosses? Explain why or why not. c. Here are the results for the twenty students in Mr. Anderson's class. Use this data to estimate the probability of observing 4, 5, or 6 heads in ten tosses of the coin. (It might help to organize the data in a table or in a dot plot first.) 36
FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Supporting in Grade 8 8.SP.A.1 Medhavi suspects that there is a relationship between the number of text messages high school students send and their academic achievement. To explore this, she asks each student in a random sample of 52 students from her school how many text messages he or she sent yesterday and what his or her grade point average (GPA) was during the most recent marking period. The data are summarized in the scatter plot of number of text messages sent versus GPA shown below. Describe the relationship between number of text messages sent and GPA.
Discuss both the overall pattern and any deviations from the pattern. 37 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 II. Focus in 68 Connection to practice: What are the common threads in the major work in Grades 68? How do supporting clusters connect to the major work?
What impact do the focus documents have on your role? Why does a focused curriculum lead to greater student success? 38 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 III. Coherence Within the Grade 39 Within Grade Coherence:
Coherence is built into the standards for each grade through the utilization of complementary topics to support and reinforce a major topic in a grade. This also increases focus in the grade. FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Task Analysis Protocol: 1.
Do the mathone task per grade 2. Identify the standards and why the task aligns. 3. Discuss why this connection is important to show to students. 41 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Grade 6 6.RP.A.3 and 6.EE.B.7 A fruit salad consists of blueberries, raspberries, grapes, and cherries. The
fruit salad has a total of 280 pieces of fruit. There are twice as many raspberries as blueberries, three times as many grapes as cherries, and four times as many cherries as raspberries. How many cherries are there in the fruit salad? 42 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Grade 7 7.RP.A.3, 7.EE.B.3 and 7.RP.A.2 1. In New York, state sales tax rates vary by county. In Allegany County, the sales tax rate is 8 %. a.
b. c. A book costs $12.99, and a video game costs $39.99. Rounded to the nearest cent, how much more is the tax on the video game than the tax on the book? Using to represent the cost of an item in dollars before tax and to to represent the amount of sales tax in dollars for that item, write an equation to show the relationship between and to . Using your equation, create a table that includes five possible pairs of solutions to the equation. Label each column appropriately. 43 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68
Grade 8 8.F.B.4 and 8.EE.C.8.C A customer is comparing two different text message plans at Cellular Bargains. He wants to find out which plan allows the most text messages for the same cost. The Pay Per Text Plan charges $10 per month and $0.10 for each text message. Write a function that models this plan, stating what your variables represent. The Frequent Text Plan is modeled by the
graph shown below. How many text messages would result in the same cost per month for the two plans? 44 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Reflection How will the discussion on within grade coherence impact what you do in school? Has your thinking about curriculum, instruction, or lesson planning changed given the discussion on focus and within grade coherence? How? What have you thought about doing to ensure equitable math instruction for all students in your class?
45 Break FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 IV. Connect to Practice A focused, coherent progression of mathematics learning, with an emphasis on proficiency with key topics, should become the norm in elementary and middle school mathematics curricula. Any approach that continually revisits topics year after year without closure is to be avoided. By the term focused, the Panel means that curriculum must include (and engage with adequate depth) the most important topics underlying success in school algebra. Improvements like those suggested in this report promise immediate positive results with minimal additional cost. National Mathematics Advisory Panel
47 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Connect to Practice How do we know if our curriculum is focused and coherent? What are the focus criteria? What are the coherent criteria?
48 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Connect to Practice Focus Criteria Focus on grade-level standards Appropriate emphasis on major work Coherence Criteria Complementary topics support and reinforce a major topic Supporting work integrated with major work
49 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Evaluate a Scope and Sequence Look at the sample scope and sequence. Does the scope and sequence appropriately focus on grade-level standards and focus on major content? What evidence do you have? Does the scope and sequence appropriately reflect the idea of within grade coherence? What evidence do you have? Evidence of Focus Evidence of Within Grade Coherence
Ways to Improve/What I Want to Investigate Further 50 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Evaluate Your Scope and Sequence Look at the scope and sequence or curriculum map that you brought with you today. Does the scope and sequence appropriately focus on grade-level standards and focus on major content? What evidence do you have? Does the scope and sequence appropriately reflect the idea of within grade coherence? What evidence do you have? Evidence of Focus
Evidence of Within Grade Coherence Ways to Improve/What I Want to Investigate Further 51 FOCUS AND WITHIN GRADE COHERENCE IN GRADES 68 Evaluate Your Scope and Sequence Further reflection: How will the focus shift impact your work with creating and/or coaching around scope and sequences? How will within grade coherence impact your work with creating
and/or coaching around scope and sequences? How does attending to the shifts of focus and within grade coherence contribute to an equitable environment in your math class? 52 Feedback Please fill out the survey located here: www.standardsinstitutes.org Click Winter 2018 on the top of the page. Click Details on the center of the page. 49 Reference List Slide
Source 6 http://achievethecore.org/category/419/the-shifts 14 http://www.highereducation.org/reports/college_readiness/gap.shtml 16 http://edchange.org/publications/Equity-Literacy-for-All.pdf 17, 47 Foundations for Success: The Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel, U.S. Department of Education:
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