Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 CERT Basic Training

Disaster Medical Operations  Part 1 CERT Basic Training

Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 CERT Basic Training Unit 3 Assumptions Need for CERT members to learn disaster medical operations is based on two assumptions: Number of victims could exceed local capacity for treatment Survivors will assist others They will do whatever they know how to do

They need to know lifesaving first aid or postdisaster survival techniques CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-2 Importance of Quick Action Phase 1: Death within minutes, result of severe trauma Phase 2: Death within several hours, result of excessive bleeding Phase 3: Death in several days or weeks, result of infection

CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-3 CERT Training Treatment for life-threatening conditions Airway obstruction, bleeding, shock Treatment for other, less urgent conditions Provide greatest good for greatest number by conducting simple triage and rapid treatment

CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-4 START STart = Simple Triage Victims sorted based on priority of treatment stART = And Rapid Treatment Rapid treatment of injuries assessed and prioritized in first phase CERT Basic Training

Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-5 Unit Objectives Identify killers Apply techniques for opening airway, controlling bleeding, and treating for shock Conduct triage under simulated disaster conditions CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1

3-6 Unit Topics Treating life threatening injuries Triage CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 3-7 Three Killers Emergency medicine killers

Airway obstruction Bleeding Shock First priority of medical operations: Open airway Control excessive bleeding Treat for shock CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-8 How to Approach a Victim

Be sure victim can see you Identify yourself Your name and name of your organization Request permission to treat, if possible Respect cultural differences CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-9

Open the Airway CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-10 Open vs. Obstructed Airway CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-11

Head-Tilt/Chin-Lift Method CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-12 Types of Bleeding - 1 Arterial bleeding Bleeding from artery spurts Venous bleeding Bleeding from vein flows

Capillary bleeding Bleeding from capillaries oozes CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-13 Types of Bleeding - 2 CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1

3-14 Control Bleeding 3 main methods for controlling bleeding: Direct pressure Elevation Pressure points CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-15

Pressure Points CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-16 Shock Result of ineffective circulation of blood Remaining in shock will lead to death of: Cells Tissues

Entire organs CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-17 Recognizing Shock Main signs of shock Rapid and shallow breathing Capillary refill of greater than 2 seconds Failure to follow simple commands, such as Squeeze my hand

Symptoms of shock are easily missed pay careful attention to your patient! CERT Basic Training Unit 3 Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-18 Responding to Mass Casualty Event Have a plan Follow that plan Document your actions throughout

CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-19 CERT Sizeup 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. Gather Facts Assess Damage Consider Probabilities Assess Your Situation Establish Priorities Make Decisions Develop Plan of Action Take Action Evaluate Progress REMEMBER:

CERT SIZEUP IS A CONTINUAL PROCESS CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-20 What Is Triage? Process for managing mass casualty event 1. Victims are evaluated 2. Victims are sorted by urgency of treatment

needed 3. Victims are set up for immediate or delayed treatment CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-21 Triage Immediate (I): Victim has life-threatening injuries (airway, bleeding, or shock) Delayed (D): Injuries do not jeopardize victims life; treatment can be delayed

Minor (M): Walking wounded and generally ambulatory Dead (DEAD): No respiration after two attempts to open airway CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-22 Rescuer Safety During Triage If hazmat or terrorist event is suspected, CERT members DO NOT respond Evacuate as safely as possible

ALWAYS wear PPE: Helmet Goggles N95 mask Work gloves Sturdy shoes or boots Non-latex exam gloves

CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-23 Triage Process Step 1: Stop, Look, Listen, and Think Step 2: Conduct voice triage Step 3: Start where you stand; follow systematic route Step 4: Evaluate each victim and tag Step 5: Treat I victims immediately Step 6: Document triage results CERT Basic Training

Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-24 Step 4: Triage Evaluation Check airway and breathing Check circulation and bleeding Check mental status CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-25

Triage Pitfalls No team plan, organization, or goal Indecisive leadership Too much focus on one injury Treatment (rather than triage) performed CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-26

Unit Summary You should now be able to: Identify 3 killers Apply techniques for opening the airway, controlling bleeding, and treating for shock Conduct triage under simulated disaster conditions CERT Basic Training

Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1 3-27 Homework Assignment 1. Read unit to be covered in next session 2. Bring necessary supplies for the next session 3. Wear appropriate clothes for the next session CERT Basic Training Unit 3: Disaster Medical Operations Part 1

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