A guide to helping your child at home There are 17 Early Learning Goals in Reception and 7 areas of learning, which are a bit like subjects. When your child finishes Reception in July you will be given a report which tells you whether or not your child has met the Early Learning Goal (ELG) in each aspect. To reach a good level of development , the expectation is that your child reaches the ELG in Listening and Attention Understanding Speaking Moving and Handling Health and Self-Care Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness Managing Feelings and Behaviour Making Relationships Reading
Writing Numbers Shape Space and Measures 1 How we teach reading Children: Learn 44 sounds and matching letters Learn to blend sounds to read words Read lots of specially written books This is decoding Decoding Comprehending this is understanding
Children need to Talk a lot about what they have read to show they understand Listen to and discuss other ideas to deepen understanding Sounds All words are made up of sounds In English there are 44 Graphemes A grapheme is a sound written down English has more than 150 graphemes A complex code! Chart
This chart shows the most usual graphemes for the 44 sounds The complex English alphabetic code Children learn a simple code first If English had a simple code spelling and reading would be much easier! play mayk trayn cafay strayt wayt brayk green dreem kee hee happee light kight fligh Igh igh tigh
blow smowk flowt gow mowst moon broot bloo groo c-a-t ch-a-t l-igh-t c-r-a-sh Consonants: stretchy f l m
n r s v j p q u z
sh th ng nk Consonants: bouncy b c d g h
kbouncy Vowels: a e oo oo t w x y
c h Vowels: stretchy i Set 1 sounds ar o u or
ay air ee ir igh ou ow oy Set 2 sounds f
l m n r s v z sh
ff ph ll le mm mb nn kn rr wr ss
se c ce ve zz s ti ci b c k
d g j p bb ck ch dd
gg g ge dge pp a e h i
o u ea oo u_e ue ew oo ar qu
t w tt wh th x y ng
nk ch tch ay ee igh ow a_e ai
y ea e i_e ie i o_e oa o or air
ir ou oy oor ore aw au are ur er
ow oi ire ear ure Fred... Fred helps children learn to read Fred can only talk in sounds... (Fred can only say c_a_t, he cant say cat) We call this Fred Talk
Fred... If children understand Fred they can blend orally Blending is needed for reading Fred... Fred helps children learn to spell too! Children convert words into sounds They press the sounds on to their fingers... We call this Fred Fingers How can you help your child? By... using pure sounds knowing the graphemes
understanding how Fred helps with reading and spelling And... By having fun with Fred Talk at home! What a tidy r-oo-m! Wheres your c-oa-t? Time for b-e-d! back, head, tum, leg, hand, foot, knee coat, hat, scarf, zip, sock, glove run, walk, skip, hop, fast, slow, stop, shop red, blue, green, black, knife, fork, spoon, plate, bowl, pan bread, cheese, meat, soup, jam, cake And... You can develop their understanding by
By reading your child lots of lovely stories and asking lots of questions! Use these prompts to help you: What do you think happens next? What is that character thinking? What is happening? What is the character saying? What do you
think that character is feeling now? And... You can develop their vocabulary by By talking to your child as much as possible and feeding them new and different words: Lets eat our lunch now. Lets munch our lunch now. Lets scoff our lunch now. Lets devour our lunch now! Youre looking ... not just... but... Im not just... Im....! And...
By enriching conversations through description: Look at that rain. It looks like little diamonds sparkling on the window pane! By having fun with words and language. Im as hot as a spud in a cooking pot! By praising your child for using new words or interesting phrases Reading levels Set 1 sounds and blending Fiction and non fiction texts Green, Purple, Pink: Set 1 & 2 sounds Fiction and non fiction texts Pink, Orange: Fiction and non fiction texts Yellow: Fiction and non fiction texts Blue:
Set 1, 2, 3 sounds Fiction and non fiction texts Blue, Grey: So how can you help your child with reading and writing? By knowing the 44 pure sounds By using the Speed Sound cards with your child By knowing how to blend using Fred Talk for reading m_a_t mat By knowing how to do Fred Fingers for spelling
So how can you help your child with reading and writing? Correct letter formation is really important around her face, down her hair and give her a curl down the plait and over the pirates face Numbers Children count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using
quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing. 27 Know what a number means five 2+3=5 1 more than 4 5 1 less than 6
28 Correct number formation to represent a give number of objects 1 10 5 2 6 7 4
9 8 3 What if I had one more? What if I had one less? What if I had double? What if I shared the cubes equally with my friend? 29 Uses the language of more and fewer to compare two sets of objects Adding and taking away
Taking away from a group of objects In practical activities and discussion, begins to use the vocabulary involved in addition and subtraction words such as add, plus, count on, more, take away, minus, count back, less, fewer, altogether. In practical activities and discussion, begins to use the vocabulary involved in addition and subtraction words such as add, plus, count on, more, take away, minus, count back, less, fewer, altogether. Record number sentences use +, - and = signs (practical apparatus to support)
Solve problems involving doubling and halving 32 Counting in 2s and 5s Counting pairs of socks/ gloves Counting cubes / stickers/ pennies in groups of 2 Listening to songs on You Tube https://youtu.be/GvTcpfSnOMQ
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