PowerPoint-Präsentation

PowerPoint-Präsentation

Multi-level governance through regional adaptation partnerships Anja Bauer and Reinhard Steurer BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria Symposium The Governance of Adaptation Amsterdam, 22-23 March 2012 Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Orientation The Go-Adapt project Partnerships as new governance approaches Regional Adaptation Partnerships in Canada and the UK Scope of collaboration Objects of coordination Ways of coordination Conclusions Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK

The GO-ADAPT project General Funded by the Austrian Climate Research Program (ACRP), 1st Call Duration: April 2010 - December 2012 Partner: Austrian Environment Agency Objective Analyse the Governance of Adaptation to Climate Change, i.e. how governments develop and implement adaptation policies focus on institutions and governing processes, not on policy contents Work packages Stock taking survey: provides an overview of how 10 OECD countries tackle four governance challenges that emerge when developing adaptation policies Case studies: analyse in how far selected governance approaches contribute to adaptation policies Extended literature review: aims to draw lessons from thematically related policy fields that are characterised by similar governance challenges Synthesis of results: compares the case studies (cross-case analysis) in the light of the lessons drawn from the extended literature review Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Partnerships as new governance approaches

Partnerships Collaborative arrangements in a broadly defined issue area Heterogeneous actors from different levels and societal spheres Expectations Effective, inclusive and legitimate mode of societal governing Innovative solutions and policies Go-Adapt- Survey -> important governance approach vertical integration, stakeholder participation Questions In which way and to which extent do regional partnerships serve as a coordination mechanism between different levels (local, regional, national) as well as between societal domains? In how far do partnerships contribute to climate change adaptation in terms of adaptive capacities and adaptation policies? Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Cautious comparison Size of the countries and regions: Region Region Political systems: CA=federal state vs. UK=unitary state Governance perspective: level between national /federal level and local level Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK

The cases Canada: Regional Adaptation Collaboratives (RAC) RAC British Columbia, Prairies RAC, RAC Atlantic Since 2009 (3 years) 6 collaboratives RAC-Program by NRCan Capacitate decision-makers to make policy, operational, and management changes in response to CC Narrower thematic focus: water management UK: Regional Climate Change Partnerships (RCCP) London Climate Change Partnership, Climate SouthEast, Climate South West Since 1999

11 partnerships By regional bodies, supported by Defra, EA, UKCIP Investigating and advising on the regional and local impacts of CC and the development of respective responses Broad thematic focus: tourism, planning, water, businesses, Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Horizontal coordin. between partnerships Actors & coordination pathes Vertical coordination Horizontal coordination between public & private actors Horizontal coordination National

Regional/ Local Public NGOs authorities provincial authorities Agencies authorities Research Industry RAC BC Prairies RAC RAC Atlantic Climate SouthEast

Climate SouthWest London CCP + + () + +

+ () +

+ + + +

- Partner: taking part in activities of the partnership - Key partner: also involved in steering the partnership + - Main target group of the activities/products of the partnership Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Substance of coordination Vertical coordination in the public domain: Sub-national actors co-shape national adaptation policies National actors coordinate adaptation policies at regional and local levels Horizontal coordination between sectors/policy domains . Horizontal coordination between public and private actors . Horizontal coordination betwen partnerships . Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Object of coordination - Policies

Local policies and planning Variety of sectors: infrastructure, housing, land management Indirectly by guidance and tools, directly involved in planning processes (esp. London) Regional policies Strategies (adaptation and other sectors, e.g. water) Implementation mechanism for adaptation strategy (UK) National policies Restricted to adaptation policies Providing local and regional perspective in the policy formulation Delivery mechanisms for national adaptation policy Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Object of coordination Adaptive capacities Building the knowledge base Providing guidance Facilitating networking Fostering learning Raising awareness Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK

Process of coordination Means and structures of coordination: Management & organizational bodies: Steering Committee, Executive Group, etc., Working groups, projects Workshops, trainings, events National level: Funding & coordination bodies Modes of coordination vertical: CA: to-down, hierarchy transmission of national agenda/policy to regions, via national programme; close supervision by NRCan UK: bottom-up, mutual interaction patterns Modes of coordination horizontal: In CA & UK: Network governance: voluntary, trust, consensus, identification, little competition Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK Conclusions Partnerships as institutional response to the multi-level governance challenge of adaptation Important coordination mechanism for actors between and within levels Many activities, mainly capacity building and coordination the latter also aiming at influencing policies

Aim at informing decision-making at various levels Distinct patterns of governing through partnerships Limited project vs Continuous partnership Closed vs open membership Government vs led - stakeholder-led Driven by national agenda vs driven by regional and local needs Hierarchical, one-sided steering vs network mode, two sided relationship Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK http://www.wiso.boku.ac.at/go-adapt.html Thank you! Anja Bauer, Reinhard Steurer [email protected], [email protected] BOKU - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Austria Bauer, Steurer: Regional adaptation partnerships in Canada and the UK

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