Politics in the Age of Gladstone and Disraeli - Robert Saunders

Politics in the Age of Gladstone and Disraeli - Robert Saunders

Politics in the Age of Gladstone and Disraeli #unravellingbritain

Week 6 Dr Robert Saunders Disraeli

1848-68: Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Commons 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68: Chancellor of the Exchequer and

Leader of the House of Commons 1868, 1874-80: Prime Minister Gladstone

1852-55, 1859-66, 1873-74, 1880-82: Chancellor of the Exchequer 1865-66: Leader of the House of Commons

1868-74, 1880-85, 1886, 189294: Prime Minister The Gladstone pissing pot 1. The Poet and the Priest

Benjamin Disraeli: The Asian Mystery Disraeli on Chartism, 1848

Why are the people of England forced to find leaders among demagogues? The proper leaders of the people are the gentlemen of England. If they are not the leaders of the people, I do not see

why we should have gentlemen. The Revolutionary Epic (1834) Fling to the heady wind The cold philosophy

That vaunts of human REASON; nobler far The faculty divine IMAGINATION on her airy throne Thus in human life, Upon the mass the man of genius breathes

His spell creative, thus their swelling hearts Rise to his charm! Politics as Theatre

Gladstone: Politics as Priesthood I believe in the degeneracy of man in sin in the intensity and virulence of sin. . . . Sin is the

great fact of the world to me (1888). Gladstone at Blackheath, 1876

Gladstone the Orator Without an effort the great orator held his audience for nearly two hours. I stood so far off that the features were indistinct, but I was spellbound by the

music and magnetism of the wonderful voice I was only conscious of the presence of a great human personality, under whose spell I was and from whom I could in no way escape. I felt

lifted into a holy region of politics, where Tories cannot corrupt or Jingoes break through and yell. Gladstone at Blackheath, 1876

The Liberal Party Whig aristocracy Nonconformists and Liberal Anglicans

Provincial manufacturers and businessmen Trade Unionists and the respectable working class Scotland, Wales and Ireland

Free Trade Gladstone (1860): in legislation of this kind, you are not forging mechanical supports and

helps for men, nor endeavouring to do that for them which they ought to do for themselves; but you are enlarging their means without narrowing their freedom, you are

appealing to their sense of responsibility, you are not impairing their temper of honourable selfdependence. The Tory Party, mid-C19th

The Base Agriculture The Church of England Disraeli:

We must have our eyes opened to the futility of attempting to govern this country by the landed interest alone

Key Issues Key issue: Agricultural Protection [We] stuck to Protection till the country positively shat upon it

THE SECOND REFORM ACT, 1867 Decline of the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire

The Midlothian Campaign Remember the rights of the savage, as we call him. Remember that the happiness of

his humble home, remember that the sanctity of life in the hill villages of Afghanistan among the winter snows, is as inviolable in the eye of Almighty God as

can be your own. The Primrose League (est. 1883)

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