Plutarch's Life of Alcibiades - Binghamton University

Plutarch's Life of Alcibiades - Binghamton University

Plutarchs Life of Alcibiades Extreme Charisma? He had a golden shield made for him, which was emblazoned not with any ancestral device, but with the figure of Eros armed with a thunderbolt. (Plutarch Alcibiades p. 58) The sway which he held over the humbler and poorer classes was so potent that they were filled with an extraordinary passion (an ers thamastos) for him to rule them as a dictator (a turannos). (p. 280) Eros, Zeus with thunderbolts. Agenda

Introduction Oral Report Reading the Body Rhetorical Alcibiades Life and Times Plutarchs Life of Alcibiades Alcibiades and Charisma 4-Apr 2017

Plutarch Alcibiades 3 Introduction Alcibiades Life and Times Alcibiades Life and Times ca. 450 431 432-431 ca. 427 424 421 417/6

416 4-Apr 2017 Born. Peloponnesian War starts. Potidaean campaign. Follower of Cleon. Battle of Delium. Peace with Sparta . Melian debate. Olympic victory. Ostracism survived. Sicilian Debate.

415 413 413-412 411 408 406 404 404-403 Plutarch Alcibiades Mysteries affair. Defection to Sparta. Fortification of Decelea. Sicilian disaster. Defection to Persians.

Oligarchic coup. Repatriation. Re-exile. Sparta defeats Athens. Tyranny of 30. Al murdered. 5 Oral Report Plutarchs Life of Alcibiades Reading the Body Rhetorical Alcibiades and Charisma Lenses

Theophrastus noted long ago that the strongest desire of men who have attained to leadership in a popularly governed state is not so much the acquirement of personal wealth as the gradual establishment of their own sovereignty at the expense of popular sovereignty. (Michels 349) The leader (demagogue) rules by virtue of the devotion and trust which his political followers have in him personally (Weber 268) Greek writers about politics all thought that the demagogues gained and maintained their authority through substantive promises [i.e., rather than through emotional appeals]. The evidence, as I read it, fully supports that view. (Finley 98) 4-Apr 2017Plutarch Alcibiades 8

Kharis, Charisma, Charm Charisma < kharis Compare charm, pleasure, favor pros kharin legein (Demosthenes) kharizomai & cognates (Aristophanes Knights) sexual political

4-Apr 2017 Plutarch Alcibiades 9 And Alcibiades? Kharis As for Alcibiades beauty, . . . it flowered at each season of his growth in turn, and lent him and extraordinary grace and charm (erasmion kai hdun). . . . Even his lisp is said to have suited his voice well and to have made his

talk persuasive and full of charm (kharis) (245-246) 4-Apr 2017 Plutarch Alcibiades 11 Ers: Plutarchs Life He had a golden shield made for him, which was emblazoned not with

any ancestral device, but with the figure of Eros armed with a thunderbolt. (Plutarch Alcibiades p. 58) But the weakness which his tempters played upon most of all was his love of distinction (philotimia) and his desire for fame (philodoxia) (p. 250) The hopes he aroused among the Athenians were great enough, but his own were even more ambitious, for while others regarded Sicily as the final objective , to him it was no more than a springboard (p. 260) The sway which he held over the humbler and poorer classes was so potent that they were filled with an extraordinary passion (eros) for him to rule them as a dictator (turannos) (p. 280) 4-Apr 2017 Plutarch Alcibiades

12 Savvy Orator? General assessment: Alcibiades possessed in a higher degree than any of his contemporaries the faculty of discerning and grasping what was required of a given situation. (Plutarch Alcibiades p. 253) Samos, 411: He not only convinced the people and showed them their danger by his speeches in public, but he appealed to them as

individuals, using entreaties with some and force with others. (pp. 2723) 4-Apr 2017 Plutarch Alcibiades 13

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