Photograms - Central Bucks School District

Photograms - Central Bucks School District

When you arrive Get out your notebook and a pen/pencil. Make sure you can see the projector. What does the word

PHOTOGRAPHY mean? PHOTOGRAPHY = WRITING WITH LIGHT Camera-less

Photography An introduction to the PHOTOGRAM process & its history Photogram Unit Learning Targets

I will demonstrate my understanding of the basic photographic process, equipment and chemicals by developing a positive and negative photogram. I will synthesize my understanding of the elements and principles in my photogram composition, which will include a strong focal

point, movement and theme. What is a Photogram? What is a Photogram? A PHOTOGRAM is a photographic print

made by placing objects onto lightsensitive paper and exposing it with light from above (without the use of a camera). What is a Photogram?

Also known as RAYOGRAM after photographer MAN RAY who claims to have discovered the process.

How does a photogram work? Light source Objects Variety of tones created by areas partly exposed

to light Light sensitive paper Solid shadow

created by object flush to paper How does a photogram work? Result: Negative shadow image that shows variations in value or tone

that depends upon the transparency of the objects used. Areas of the paper that have received no light appear white; those exposed through

transparent or semitransparent objects appear grey. HENRY FOX TALBOT In the 1830s, HENRY FOX

TALBOT, a pioneer of photography, started making photograms of plants, which he referred to as PHOTOGENIC DRAWINGS. ANNA ATKINS

ANNA ATKINS was the first woman photographer. She became interested in making accurate drawings of plant life, and used photography and the cyanotype process as her

tools. Photogram Artists Most PHOTOGRAMS made in the 1800s were documentary experiments. It wasnt until the

MODERNIST MOVEMENT in the 20th Century that artists started to make photograms as art works focusing on form, movement and space. Many of these artists were

part of the BAUHAUS MOVEMENT in Germany. Lotte Jacobi Christian

Shad Man Ray Laszlo Moholy Nagy

Both MAN RAY and MOHOLY - NAGY brought photograms from the scientific to the realm of art. They often used 3-dimensional objects to see how they would translate onto a 2-dimensional photo (light) sensitive surface. They used an artificial light source and sometimes moved the light and the objects around during exposure .

Good, Bad or Meh Examples Positive Photogram = empty space is white And objects are black and grey

Negative Photogram = Empty space is black and objects are white Photogram Assignment Apply your knowledge of the elements and

principles of design by creating a dynamic composition out of objects of varying transparencies. Successfully print 1 negative & 1 positive photogram in the darkroom. Both images must contain a true black, pure white and a full range of greys.

HOMEWORK Bring in AT LEAST 15 objects from home. Objects should vary in: 1. 2. 3.

Size Transparency Texture DO NOT BRING IN 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Expensive jewelry

Phones iPods Liquids Items from your bag / classroom Food DO BRING IN

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Objects of varying transparencies Different textured objects Collections of items Cut paper shapes Drawings on transparent paper Objects from nature

Different sizes of objects When you arrive Get out your: Name tent Photogram Objects Photo Paper (DO NOT OPEN!)

Pencil or pen Enlarger Review Aperture Review Photogram Demo / Darkroom Tour

You will need: Photogram Steps Handout Pencil or pen 1 opaque object 1 transparent object Photographic Paper

Gather your materials and go to your enlarger station.

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