Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great - CLAS Users
Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great So just how great was Alexander the Great? Greece & Philip of Macedon Why was Philip able to take over almost all of Greece by 336 BCE? The death of the polis
specialization less unity lack of leadership Did anyone predict this? Yes, Demosthenes did The Greek orator
who saw this coming . . . In his speeches, called Philipics , he asked the Athenians to organize against Philip Why was Philip such a
formidable opponent? Tough and well-disciplined soldiers (fought with sarissa) Hostage at Thebes in his youth Soldier, diplomat, statesman What did Athens do? Athenian-Theban alliance Defeated at Chaironea by Philip 337 BCE Philip is elected leader of
the League of Corinth What did Philip want from the Greeks? He admired Athens and expressed a wish to be their ally Right to consult Delphic oracle
Allowed to preside over Pythian games What did Athenians think of Macedonians? Monarchy is corrupt and barely disguised form of dictatorship
Treats Greeks like second-class citizens What are the signs of conflict? Greeks divide into two factions: Pro-Demosthenes faction believes
Macedonia will harm their democracy Pro-Philip faction believes Macedonia and Greece can be allies and united together
How does Athens declare war in 340 BCE? Demosthenes is given a gold crown during a theater festival in Athens for his services to the people
Athens deliberately attacks Philips allies and goes to Persia to seek support How does Philip win the war?
Attacks Perinthus (Greek city near Byzantium) Attacks Byzantium Realizes he is trapped Tricks the Athenians with a
letter Sneaks out and sends for his son Goes on offensive and wins war What will you do now, Laconians? (336 BCE) Sparta will not Philips death in 336
surrender BCE means that Alexander will What else but die now rule like men? Philip gives Messenia and Argos their land back
Who was Alexander? King at 20, dead at 32 Finest general in antiquity Student of Aristotle Storms through Greece in two months and assures his rule. Abolishes taxes in Macedonia. Alexander in Thrace Alexander decides
his next conquest will be Thrace Thrace Trouble in Thebes Alexanders decision there would seal his fate with the Greeks Greeks have caused him maximum damage with minimum harm to
themselves Alexander in Persia and India Homeric battle with Persians Macedonians encounter elephants The long retreat home I leave my kingdom to the strongest.
Alexander died in 323 BCE after drinking a cup of unmixed wine. With him died the dream of uniting east and west. Spreads Greek culture over a very wide area, thus creating Hellenistic civilization
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