Pharynx - Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya

Pharynx - Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya

Introduction to limbs Sanjaya Adikari Department of Anatomy Main topics covered Skeleton

Superficial nerves/veins only the important ones Dermatomes Muscle compartments attachment & action of muscle groups and their innervation Main topics.

Special regions: axilla, cubital fossa, carpal tunnel, snuff box, femoral triangle, cubital fossa, gluteal region etc. Joints with ligaments Arterial anastomoses Lymph drainage

Skeleton Axial Skull Vertebral column & ribs Appendicular Limb girdles

Bones of the limbs Upper limb Skeleton Shoulder/pectoral girdle Arm (humerus)

Fore arm(radius, ulna) Wrist (carpal bones) Hand(metacarpals, phalanges) Superficial veins &

nerves Dermatomes Muscles of the shoulder Flexors Extensors

Internal/medial rotators External/ lateral rotators Abductors Adductors Compartments of the right arm

Anterior Coracobrachialis Biceps brachii Brachialis N: musculocutaneo us

Posterior C5, C6 Triceps N: Radial nerve C7, C8

Contents of the right arm compartments Compartments of the right forearm Pronator

teres. Flexor digitorum superficialis Flexor pollicis

longus Flexor digitorum profundus Pronator quadratus

Brachial plexus Axilla Transverse section Anterior wall

Posterior wall Medial wall Lateral wall Apex Floor Cubital

fossa Anterior aspect of wrist Median and ulnar nerves Radial and ulnar

arteries Tendons of flexor muscles Carpal tunnel Palmar branch of median nerve

Anatomical snuffbox Hand Dorsum Palm

Joints with ligaments Arterial anastomoses Anastomosis around the elbow Scapular anastomosis

Axillary lymph nodes To thoracic duct or right lymphatic duct supraclavicular

apical central posterior anterior lateral

Lower limb Skeleton Pelvic girdle Thigh (femur)

Leg(tibia, fibula) Ankle(tarsal bones) Foot (metatarsals, phalanges) Skeleton of the

foot Superficial veins & nerves Posterior arch vein

Adductor canal perforator Below knee perforator Lateral perforator Upper medial perforator

Middle medial perforator Level of medial malleolus Lower medial perforator

Dermatomes Fascia Lata Femoral sheath Compartments of the right thigh

Fascia lata Innervation Anterior compartment Femoral nerve

Medial compartment Obturator nerve Posterior compartment Compartmen

ts of the right leg Innervation Anterior compartment Deep peroneal

nerve Lateral compartment Superficial peroneal nerve Lumbosacral

plexus Femoral triangle Gluteal region Popliteal fossa

Right SeMem SeTend Gastroc

Biceps Popliteal surface of femur Gastroc

Popliteus muscle Foot Dorsum Sole

Arches of the foot Medial longitudinal arch Lateral longitudinal arch Transverse arch: Joints with ligaments

Ligaments at the knee joint Ligaments at the ankle Trochanteric &

Cruciate anastomoses Inguinal lymph nodes Deep inguinal nodes

Superficial inguinal nodes Vertical group Horizontal group

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