Paragraph - WordPress.com

Paragraph - WordPress.com

CELEBRATIN G INDIGENOUS PEOPLES To acknowledge our ancestors MONTH! means we are aware that we did not make ourselves, that the line stretches all the way back, perhaps to God; or to Gods. We remember them because it is an easy thing to

forget: that we are not the first to suffer, rebel, fight, love and die. The grace with which we embrace life, in spite of the pain, the sorrow, is always a measure of what has gone before. PARAGRAPH Writing with structure and

style OUR OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to: 1) identify topic sentence and supporting details in a paragraph 2) explain how unity, coherence, and emphasis in paragraph writing are achieved 3) analyze sample paragraphs based on their modes of development

UNITY - SINGLE CENTRAL IDEA a. thru developing one topic sentence b. thru the clincher COHERENCE WEAVING OF IDEAS a. thru pronoun reference

b. thru repetition c. thru transitional devices EMPHASIS IDEAS FORCEFULNESS OF a. arrangement of ideas b. climactic order

c. repetition and parallelism HOMEWORK: Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Paragraph 2 Specific function:

Sentence A Sentence B Sentence C The indigenous people of the world possess an immense knowledge of their environments, based on centuries of living close to nature. - Topic sentence - Supporting detail

- Irrelevant sentence HOW DO YOU FEEL? TODAY, WE MEET MACLIING DULAG

TIME FOR MCQS! A) IF PARAGRAPH IS ACCEPTABLE B) IF PARAGRAPH NEEDS IMPROVEMENT If your answer is B, choose which aspect should be improved. Raise another letter card corresponding to your choice:

C) UNITY D) COHERENCE E) EMPHASIS 1) It was second nature to Macli-ing to be concerned about his community. Though he did not acquire an education, he developed skills as a local leader and spoke his mind well. This endeared him to the people, and earned for him the respect of his community who chose him as their barrio captain. In the

barrio, peace meetings are called bodong. 2) Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. In ikat, the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another colour. This process may be repeated multiple times

to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished, all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. In ikat, the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a

new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another colour. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished, all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. 3) It was Macli-ing whose voice counted in Bugnay. Their presence was both a warning and a comfort to an outsider. The warning came in knowing that this well-muscled man, with his fierce hawk-like eyes, held sway in

this village and that one was well advised to behave honorably toward him and his people. The comfort came in learning to see the Cordillera through his vision and the tales of his people. 4) I remember that when Macli-ing spoke at the bodong ceremony, all eyes turned toward him and all conversations ceased. It was as if the people in these villages were drawing their strength to resist the dam directly from

the spirit of Macli-ing. I had the feeling that the modern world, with hydroelectric plans and development projects, would have to run directly through Macli-ing, if it was ever to penetrate his village. 5) As early as 900 AD, there are tidbits of evidences that the ancients in our islands had a sophisticated way of writing. As to why baybayin quickly disappeared comes from the fact that we were never a print culture like

China and Korea, that used paper and built large libraries of scrolls to preserve their history their memory. Another factor is the effective colonization of Spain by the forcing of the houses of 'natives to be gathered around a town-square called 'reducciones close to the church and the alcaldes for the close supervision of the Spanish authorities. HOW DO YOU FEEL NOW?

THINK-GROUPSHARE What mode of paragraph development was used? 1. description 2. definition 3. classification 4. illustration &

examples 5. comparison & contrast 6. analogy 7. narration 9. description of a process 9. cause & effect 10. enumeration or listing

attributes, qualities, properties class term or category and differentia or particular characteristics, aspects, features classes, groupings, categories examples similarities and/or differences of objects/concepts/persons being compared likenesses or similarities of objects of comparison characters, setting, unfolding plot steps or stages that sequentially take place in a method, procedure, or natural processes

objects, persons, forces, powers (agents) that bring about or have brought about results an enumeration of any series of things/concepts, details or parts of a whole FLASH THE CORRESPONDING LETTER CARDS: GROUP A

A.Description B.Definition C.Classification D.Illustration and examples E.Comparison and contrast GROUP B A.Analogy

B.Narration C.Description of a process D.Cause and effect E.Enumeration or listing It was Macli-ing whose voice counted in Bugnay. His presence was both a warning and a comfort to an outsider. The warning came in knowing that this well-muscled man, with his fierce hawk-like eyes, held sway in this village

and that one was well advised to behave honorably toward him and his people. The comfort came in learning to see the Cordillera through his vision and the tales of his people. Ikat, or Ikkat, is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employs a resist dyeing process on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. In ikat, the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then

dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another colour. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished, all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. As early as 900 AD, there are tidbits of evidences that the ancients in our islands had a sophisticated way of writing. As to why baybayin quickly disappeared comes from the

fact that we were never a print culture like China and Korea, that used paper and built large libraries of scrolls to preserve their history their memory. Another factor is the effective colonization of Spain by the forcing of the houses of 'natives to be gathered around a town-square called 'reducciones close to the church and the alcaldes for the close supervision of the Spanish authorities. David remembers Macli-ing and Bugnay: I first visited this place (in 1978) as part of a contingent of

journalists and activists from Baguio and Manila who had been invited to witness a bodong of various Cordillera tribes and villages. Macli-ing presided over a novel application of this traditional concept in order to unify the villages that were to be affected by the government plan to put up four dams along the Chico River. He brought together villages that had been enemies in the past, or mutually isolated from one another. For the first time, village elders from different tribes found themselves in one anothers presence, talking about a common threat.

Lumad is a collective term, meaning homegrown or indigenous, used to refer to 15-18 ethno-linguistic groups in Mindanao. Among those usually included as Lumad are the Subanen, Blaan, Mandaya, Higaonon, Banwaon, Talaandig, Ubo, Manobo, Tboli, Tiruray, Bagobo,Tagakaolo, Dibabawon, Manguangan, and Mansaka. It should be noted that from these groups there are hundreds and even thousands of subgroupings that are independent or at best loosely related to each other even when there are many linguistic and cultural similarities among them.

Indigenous people today use the resources available without depleting them. They use their intimate knowledge of plants, soils, animals, climate, and seasons, not to exploit nature but to co-exist alongside it. This involves careful management, control of population, the use of small quantities but a wide diversity of plants and animals, small surpluses, and minimum wastage. Plants provide food, medicines, pesticides, poisons, building materials; animals

provide meat, clothes, string, implements, oil. The predominant Western world view is that nature must be studied, dissected, and mastered and progress measured by the ability to extract secrets and wealth from the Earth. Indigenous people, on the other hand, do not consider the land as merely an economic resource. Their ancestral lands are literally the source of life, and their distinct ways of life are developed and defined in relationship to the environment around them. Western views have assumed that indigenous people have no

sense of territory because they do not necessarily physically demarcate their lands. In reality, however, indigenous people know the extent of their lands, and they know how the land, water, and other resources need to be shared. They understand only too well that to harm the land is to destroy ourselves, since we are part of the same organism. HOW DO YOU FEEL NOW? REFERENCES:

UNESCO. Teaching and learning for a sustainable future. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/education/tlsf/mods/theme_c/mod11.html. Doyo, M.C.P. The unforgettable Macli-ing. Retrieved from http://www.positivelyfilipino.com/magazine/the-unforgettable-macliing-dulag.

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