Pacific Week of Agriculture Side Event Forestry Technical ...

Pacific Week of Agriculture Side Event Forestry Technical ...

Pacific Week of Agriculture Side Event Forestry Technical Meeting Theme: Sustainable Forest and Landscape Management for a Resilient Future in the Pacific Region Papua New Guinea 30th September, 2019, Apia, Samoa Ruth Turia (PhD) Director Forest Policy and Planning Directorate PNG Forest Authority [email protected] Contents

1. REDD+ PNGs achievements Challenges and Lessons learnt Priorities moving Forward Opportunities for regional co-operation 2. Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) Pacific regional target setting National FLR approach 1. REDD+ The Warsaw Framework National Strategy (NS) or

Action Plan (AP) National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) Safeguards & Safeguards Information System (SIS)

Forest Reference Emission Level (FREL/ FRL) PNGs Achievements Developed the National REDD+ Strategy 2017-2027 and published on UNFCCC in April 2018 Submitted FRL in 2017 and is published on the UNFCCC website: https://unfccc.int/documents/65143 Developed a NFMS: PNG REDD+ and Forest

Monitoring Web-Portal (http://png-nfms.org/portal/) NFMS Component PNG MRV System Managed by Climate Change Development Authority (CCDA) and PNG Forest Authority (PNGFA) CO2 Area change data from satellite remote sensing ACTIVITY DATA

PNG MRV Collect Earth Terra PNG (and also Hansen data) TRANSPARENCY Forest carbon stock data Inventory of GHG emissions

EMISSION FACTOR EMISSIONS ESTIMATE NFI (and also PSP data & IPCC guideline) Disseminating information PNG REDD+ and Forest Monitoring Web-portal

5 NFMS Component Under the JICA & PNGFA (2015-2019) Goals National Forest Monitoring Systems BUR AND REDD+ Technical Annex PNG submitted its first BUR and REDD+ Technical Annex and available on the UNFCCC site. The technical report on the technical analysis of the technical annex from the UNFCCC technical team

was sent to PNG (CCDA) last month for follow- up questions on the annex which the country has provided feedback and now waiting on the technical teams assessment. Progress of SIS Work done on the Summary of Information (SoI) should be submitted either end of this year or early next year Challenges and Lessons learnt i. Challenges Institutional arrangement with defining the roles and responsibilities in the initial phases with the development of REDD+ activities Land tenure will always be an issue for any development which will hinder the progress of REDD+ activities if the local people dont fully grasp the concept of REDD+ which will require continuous awareness

Implementation phase of REDD+ activities may not have the same monetary values compared to any development activities such as logging, mining, etc. ii. Lessons Learnt To have a baseline for comparison for deforestation and degradation rates at different levels or scales (national, provincial, regional, project- based) Means of monitoring, reporting and verifying emission reductions, and preventing leakages and avoidance of double accounting Local communities participation is crucial in the initial phase of REDD+ activities at all levels (sub-national, national & international) for sound decision and policy making. Collaborative work between all stakeholders will guarantee a transparent REDD+ mechanism for Papua New Guinea Priorities moving Forward Climate Change (Management) Act 2015 - under review Reviewing of the Forestry Act

Safeguards & Safeguards Information System- complete the SoI for submission to UNFCCC as for the SIS there is still on-going work Financial Investment Plan (RFIP)- on going work with various stakeholders with priority areas under the NRS Biennial Update Report (BUR) and REDD+ Technical Annex (TA)- preparatory work on BUR2 (GHGi, etc.) and REDD+ TA is accepted by the UNFCCC Technical review team. Develop and test mechanisms to manage and distribute benefits to those bearing the costs of avoided deforestation and degradation, including the resource owners. To have a mechanism in place for the benefit sharing distribution Address land tenure issues promptly following the FPIC process Improving the capacity to develop methods to quantify the potential for emission limitations or reductions before the measures are implemented (ex ante) to facilitate the monitoring of progress and the assessment of the results of different mitigation measures (ex post) in addition to the estimation of co-benefits from applying the programmes and projects

REDD+ Communications and Knowledge Management Strategy- targeting journalists/public relations officers from various stakeholders on proper reporting of climate change issues Opportunities for regional co-operation Establishment of regional hub of the experiences and lessons learnt of the whole process of REDD+ activities Take stock of trainings especially with the tools or software used by various countries and how best can capacity be built in the region (countries can request neighboring countries expertise on specific software training) Countries in the region are at different phases of REDD+ and have different support in terms of financial and technical, from development partners. For any regional program how best can this support from

development partners or donors be utilized for each countrys specific needs (identifying and prioritizing cost of this activity and can this be achieved in the given time frame) 2. Forest and Landscape Restoration (FLR) Pacific regional target setting Discussion points: What would be the minimal target of FLR (% and timeframe)and priority of focus on landscape for the region? What sort of guidance can be provided for stakeholder engagement and support for participatory governance (planning, strategies,

monitoring, etc.)? In terms of genetic resources, for the region how do we enhance resilience in landscape restoration in the medium to long term to effectively reflect on policies or management plans? National FLR approach Discussion points: Case of PNG, logging is the main driver of forest degradation; At the provincial level or project site specific depending on the scale of the operation as well the area of degraded forest the FLR target would vary, how can this be addressed depending on countries circumstances? To promote natural regeneration, are there management

tools that have proven to be effective in natural regeneration? Are there inventions in place to allow for multiple functions for multiple benefits by different stakeholders groups encompass ecological, social and economic aspects across a particular landscape? Thank you

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