Outcome: The New Kingdom

Outcome: The New Kingdom

Ancient Egypt & Judaism Outcome: The New Kingdom The New Kingdom 1. Setting the Stage: The Middle Kingdom

a. The Old Kingdom fell apart due to weak leadership b. The Middle Kingdom would not be as powerful as either the Old or New Kingdoms and would be defined when it was invaded by the Hyksos

The New Kingdom 2. The Hyksos a. Asiatic Nomads who invaded during Egypts Middle Kingdom b. Did not rule a large territory

c. The Hyksos ruled from 1640-1570 B.C. d. Capital was at Memphis with summer residence at Avaris e. Prince Kamose would seek to rid Egypt of foreign Hyksos f. Kamose fought the Hyksos until his death g. Kamoses brother Ahmose would rise to power and defeat the

Hyksos ten years later around 1570 B.C. h. Result: Egypt was once again ruled by Egyptians The New Kingdom 3. The Golden Age

a. b. The Old Kingdom was known for its pyramids The New Kingdom will be known for conquest and building of temples in the Valley of the Kings Valley of the Kings

New Kingdom Pharaohs Hatshepsut The New Kingdom 4.

The New Kingdom Pharaohs a. Hatshepsut i. Stepson who was heir to the throne was too young to rule ii. Declared herself pharaoh around 1472 B.C. iii. Encouraged trade rather than waging war (smart!) iv. Her reign was very prosperous

v. Made herself up to look like a male to gain support vi. Planned a very elaborate tomb in the Valley of the Kings: Deir el-Bahri vii. Almost did not survive history due to the actions of her stepson Hatshepsut built Obelisks

Deir el-Bahri Thutmose III The New Kingdom b. Thutmose III i. Much more warlike than Hatshepsut

ii. Eager to take power; may have murdered Hatshepsut iii. Had any picture of Hatshepsut destroyed ---> Egyptians believed this erased your soul from the afterlife iv. Armies pushed south into Nubia ---> peak of Egyptian reign King Tut

The New Kingdom c. King Tut i. History remembers King Tutankhamen more for the discovery of his tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter rather than his reign as pharaoh

ii. Only ruled for about 10 years, was only about 18 when he died iii. Possibly died of infection in broken leg and malaria Discovery of Tuts Tomb Rameses the Great

The New Kingdom d. Ramses II i. Made a peace treaty with neighboring Hittites which lasted almost 100 years

ii. Created great temple to god Amon-Re at Karnak iii. Created magnificent temple at Abu Simbel 1. Four giant statues of himself 2. Had to be moved due to rising waters of Lake Nasser iv. Enormous ego; had hundreds of statues carved of himself v. Estimates show he had well over 100 children

vi. Worshipped himself as a god vii. Reigned for 67 years; died at roughly age 90 Abu Simbel The New Kingdom 5.

Downfall of the New Kingdom a. b. c. The New Kingdom would see many successors to Ramses II but none with as great of power Many of Ramses II heirs would bicker over power

Ramses III is considered to be the last great New Kingdom pharaoh d. Eventually the Philistines, Libyans, and Hittites would reduce Egypt to a series of broken up regional units

e. Another powerful foe would eventually move in and dominate: The Assyrians The New Kingdom 6.

The Assyrians a. The Assyrians were a mighty military machine b. They used ladders to scale city walls c. Used iron tipped spears, swords, and daggers d. Used torture to demoralize their enemy e. Tunneled under city walls to attack enemies f. Capital was Nineveh; home to library with 20,000 clay tablets

g. Defeated by a combined army of Medes and Chaldeans The New Kingdom Result: The Egyptians ruled Egypt the New Kingdom for roughly 500 years before they were eventually replaced by the Nubians and Assyrians, thus ending Egyptian rule of the territory. Though their

people have disappeared, the Ancient Egyptians left us with an amazing culture that built pyramids/tombs/obelisks, carved hieroglyphics, mummified bodies, and stood out as one of the most unique peoples of the ancient world

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