Open Source and Global Development in Epidemiology Training

Open Source and Global Development in Epidemiology Training

Open Source and Global Development in Epidemiology Training EunRyoung Sa, Akira Sekikawa, Ronald LaPorte Global Health Network Supercourse Graduate School of Public Health University of Pittsburgh Open Source Model Software development process Traditional model Copyright Source code: Closed Bugs/problems Open Source model Free software, Internet

Source code: Open Fast & cheap Open Source Model Openness of knowledge Transparent knowledge quality improvement Knowledge sharing time, cost, efficiency Knowledge translation local need, local customization Global sharing, collaboration decentralized development

Open Movement in Biomedical Science Information sharing & knowledge dissemination for quality improvement Open access journals Open archives, Pre-print servers Open Epidemiologic data Open lecture archives Open access journals What: Peer reviewed journal articles available on the Internet for free of charge Why: To improve knowledge dissemination, eventually biomedical science worldwide

Examples: BMJ www.bmj.com BiomedCentral www.biomedcentral.com PubMedCentral www.pubmedcentral.gov Smaller independent journals www.jmir.org Open Archives What: Shared scientific archives around the world

Archives: scientific articles before publishing E.g. Findings from on-going project Standard format (OAI, Metadata) Better search for research Pre-print servers, E-prints, Net-prints Why: To share scientific findings among peer researchers worldwide Broader feedback to improve their research Examples: arXiv.org in Physics www.netprints.org in Biomedical science Individual authors homepages

Epidemiologic Data Publishing What: Attached electronic appendices to e-papers Original dataset and/or SAS code Why: Research transparency, open review, extended analysis/ research Good source for epidemiologic training Examples: Individual researcher Hutchon DJR. Publishing raw data and real time statistical analysis on e-journals. {Infopoints} BMJ 2001;322:529-530 Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group Original data (SAS files, protocols etc)

NTIS (Nat Technical Info Service) NIH grant proposal plans to require by this October Open Lecture Archives in Higher Education What: MIT Open Course Ware Opening all MIT lectures free of charge on the Internet lecture notes, course outlines, reading lists, assignment Why: To improve quality in teaching in physics both at MIT and worldwide Progress:

Initiated in 2001, will be open soon Open Lecture Archives in Higher Education What: Supercourse Faculty open their lectures and share them worldwide free of charge on the Internet Why: To improve Epidemiology training worldwide Progress: Initiated in 1997 fall 4 lectures 80 faculty members

Year 2002 1000 lectures 9236 faculty members from 118 countries Open Lecture Archives in Epidemiology Lecture transparency Credit for faculty Online lecture publication Lecture citation Open dissemination Mirror sites CD-ROMs Global Health Network Lecture sharing, open review

Local customization Translation Local Supercourse Re-sharing process Supercourse Local Customization Translation Local lectures Re-sharing Local Supercourse Site Name

Location, URL, # of Lectures Health, Environment, Sustainable Development Hokaido University, Sapporo, Japan http://www.med.hokudai.ac.jp/~senior-w/supercourse.html 20 lectures Global Pathology Supercourse Dokkyo University, Tochigi, Japan http://www.dkkyomed.ac.jp/dep-k/dli-path/WASP-Glo.html 8 lectures Behavioral Science

Supercourse Hong Kong University http://www.commed.hku.hk/super.course/index.htm 16 lectures Rehabilitation Supercourse U of Pittsburgh, US http://www.shrs.upmc.edu/supercourse/index.htm 28 lectures Health Library Supercourse Virtual Library of Health, Cuba http://bvs.sld.cu/sc/lecciones.html 23 lectures in Spanish

FSU Supercourse Novosbirsk, Russia http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/national/index.htm 15 FSU National Health Profile lectures 15 Russian lectures and 22 English lectures

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