Open Education: Exploring Philosophy, Potential & Practices
Open Education: Exploring Philosophy, Potential & Practices Anita Walz, University Libraries, Virginia Tech @arwalz March 8, 2018 ~ Colloquium on Scholarly Communication, American University Happy Open Education Week!
#openeducationwk Open Education, Copyright & Scholarly Communication Librarian - Economics, Math
+ legal studies - Open Education - Copyright / Open Access Image [Public Domain] https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2015/02/11/13/08/cactus-632405_640.jpg
Support for Open Education at Virginia Tech Consultations on: Copyright, Creative Commons, Publishing (broadly defined), Technology Open Textbook Adoption Workshop OpenVT (& OpenVA) Listservs Grants & Technical Support for creating and adapting OER: Learning opportunities (Annual Open Education Week events)
Learning Community / Teaching Inquiry Group Media / Crowdfunding campaign Traditional library services + New studios focus on making - Data transformation
- 3D printing - Data Visualization - Media Design Studio - Virtual Reality Studio ~34,000 (full time equivalent) students
Photo of Newman Library by Anita Walz CC BY 4.0 Getting to Know You. . . What is Open Education?
Open education encompasses resources, tools and practices that employ a framework of open sharing to improve educational access and effectiveness worldwide.
Knowledge sharing Technology Collaboration in service of learning
Open Educational Resources Open Pedagogy + value framework Open Educational Resources
OER are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. . . . including full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests,
software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge. Screenshot from A Review of the Effectiveness & Perceptions of Open Educational Resources As Compared to Textbooks https://youtu.be/SX0K0hb_xKE Open Education Research Group. CC BY 4 Screenshots from https://openstax.org and https://
open.umn.edu/opentextbooks http://hdl.handle.net/10919/78748 Open Textbooks at Virginia Tech https://vtechworks.lib.vt.edu/handle/10919/70959
Cover design: Trevor Finney. Hong Kong Skyscrapers by Estial, cropped and modified by Trevor Finney CC BY-SA 4.0; Paris vue densemble tour Eiffel by Taxiarchos228, cropped and modified by Poke2001 and Trevor Finney CC BY 3.0; London Bridge by Skitterphoto, cropped and modified by Trevor Finney, Public Domain; New York by Mscamilaalmeida, cropped and modified by Trevor Finney, Public Domain.
Cover design: Robert Browder Cover image: (c) Michelle Yost. Total Internal Reflection (cropped by Robert Browder) is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.
Creative Commons Licenses 5 R permissions Can anyone . . . Retain it?
http://opencontent.org/definition This material is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license Most open
Least open Whats the potential here? Anyone can create, adapt & share if they:
Understand the licenses Can extract content Create in a format others can use Attribute 3rd party works Potential areas of growth:
critical thinking, communication Understand the licenses -- understanding of copyright, information ethics Can extract content
-- digital literacy / technical / software skills Create in a format others can use -- reflection regarding barriers others may face Attribute 3rd party works -- give credit Leverages the power of the web
Enormous creative potential What problems could this solve? Open Educational Resources Open Pedagogy
+ value framework Open Pedagogy Non-disposable assignment
Create Adapt or Modify with the intent of sharing -
Student agency / choice Valuing access by others Instructor as coach -
Themes: autonomy and interdependence; freedom and responsibility; democracy and participation
Student engagement & motivation Deeper learning approaches Real world connections Produces value for the real world Baeten, M., Kyndt, E., Struyven,. K., Dochy, F., (2010) Using student-centred learning
environments to stimulate deep approaches to learning: Factors encouraging or discouraging their effectiveness. Educational Research Review, 5(3), 243-260. doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2010.06.001 DeRosa, R., and Jhangiani, R. (2017) Open Pedagogy. In Mays, E. (2017) A guide to making open textbooks with students. Retrieved from https://press.rebus.community/makingopentextbookswithstudents/chapter/open-pedagogy
Hendricks, C. (2015) Non-disposable assignments in intro to philosophy [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://blogs.ubc.ca/chendricks/2015/08/18/non-disposable-assignments-introphilosophy Morgan, T. (2016, December 21). Open pedagogy and a very brief history of the concept. [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://homonym.ca/uncategorized/open-pedagogy-and-a-verybrief-history-of-the-concept https://openamlit.pressbooks.com
http://robinderosa.net/uncategorized/my-open-textbook-pedagogy-and-practice Whats the potential here? Allows learners to . . . -
Connect with people and ideas in the real world Get feedback beyond the instructor Explore areas of interest in a
supportive context Explore developing their digital persona Allows instructors to . . . -
Learn, alongside students Develop skill in coaching and authentic assessment Include students in research programs
Obtain meaningful feedback Open Educational Resources Open Pedagogy + value framework
+ value framework Open Education Is: a movement a philosophy
a broad, expanding set of value-driven practices. Outward facing Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education
Inclusive: Reducing all sorts of barriers and expand possibilities . . . Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an
open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education Open Licenses Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education
Feedback: & Collaboration Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education
New Ideas . . . about teaching . . . about research Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an
open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education Giving Credit Adapted from: McKernan, R., Skirko, T., & West, Q. (2015) Librarians as open education advocates: Readings on being an open advocate. Retrieved from https://openedadvocates.pressbooks.com/chapter/definition-of-open-education
Lever Public domain. By Jakob Ukrop. https://thenounproject.com/term/lever/4927 What can I do
to make what I do more OPEN? Thank you! Anita Walz
UFO Front End. In principle simple, but in practice very messy. CIL passes to normalize the code (library functions, uninitialized vars, etc.) llvm-gcc(without optimization) to compile C to LLVM bitcode
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