# Chapter 32 { Electromagnetic Waves (cont.) 2012 Pearson Chapter 32 { Electromagnetic Waves (cont.) 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Q32.5 In a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, the electric field has only an x-component. This component is given by Ex = Emax cos (ky + t) The magnetic field of this wave

A. has only an x-component. B. has only a y-component. C. has only a z-component. D. not enough information given to decide 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. A32.5 In a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, the electric field has only an x-component. This component is given by Ex = Emax cos (ky + t) The magnetic field of this wave A. has only an x-component.

B. has only a y-component. C. has only a z-component. D. not enough information given to decide 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Group vs. Phase Velocity Light travels in Packets Packet moves at Group Velocity, while the waveform travels with the phase velocity Simplest example consists of two sine waves multiplied together (amplitude modulation the basis for AM radio) Illustration of Group vs. Phase Velocity

2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Energy in electromagnetic waves The magnitude of the Poynting vector is the power per unit area in the wave, and it points in the direction of propagation.

The intensity of a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave is the time average of the Poynting vector. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Q32.6 In a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, the magnetic energy density A. is the same at all points in the wave.

B. is maximum where the electric field has its greatest value. C. is maximum where the electric field is zero. D. none of the above 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. A32.6 In a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum, the magnetic energy density A. is the same at all points in the wave. B. is maximum where the electric field has its greatest value. C. is maximum where the electric field is zero. D. none of the above

2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Q32.7 The drawing shows a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum at one instant of time at points between x = 0 and x = . At this instant, at which values of x does the instantaneous Poynting vector have its maximum magnitude?

A. x = 0 and x = only B. x = /4 and x = 3/4 only C. x = /2 only D. x = 0, x = /2, and x = 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. A32.7 The drawing shows a sinusoidal electromagnetic wave in a vacuum at one instant of time at points between x = 0 and x = . At this instant, at which values

of x does the instantaneous Poynting vector have its maximum magnitude? A. x = 0 and x = only B. x = /4 and x = 3/4 only C. x = /2 only D. x = 0, x = /2, and x = 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Standing electromagnetic waves

Electromagnetic waves can be reflected by a conductor or dielectric, which can lead to standing waves. (See Figure 32.22 below.) Mathematically, standing waves are a superposition of incoming and outgoing waves. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.