Early Latin America Introduction Course home page: http://www.hist.umn.edu
Early Latin America Introduction Course home page: http://www.hist.umn.edu /~rmccaa/colonial/index.htm 1 Todays Lecture Introduction: staff, syllabus Chronology: before, first encounters, seasoning, resurgence, independence Physical geography:
Tectonic plates, climate, physical features Prehistoric settlement types: bands, tribes, chiefdoms, states 2 Chronology Before, 1450-1492 America, Iberia and Africa First encounters, 1492-1575 Cantares Mexicanos (1523): Our cries of
grief rise up Seasoning, 1575-1750 Viceroy Toledo (1582): the Indians are resettled Resurgence, 1750-1808 Bourbon reconquest Independence, 1808-1825 Bolivar: Independence is the only benefit 3 New Spain
Latin America 1580: Spanish and Portuguese settlement domains Peru Brazil Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean 4 Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean New Spain S Latin America, 1808: Political
and Economic Geography G New Granada 1739 Brazil S Peru S S G Rio de la Plata 1776 5 Geography
Tectonic plates Mosaic of distinct geological units Climate Latitude: Night is the winter of the tropics. Ocean currents: hot, cold Altitude: hot, temperate, cold, very cold Physical features: Andean, Interior lowlands, Atlantic massifs Mesoamerica and Caribbean 6 Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean
Tectonic Plates: PreCambrian Sedementary Plains Basins Young Mtns. Volcanic Basalt Plateau 7 Principal Physical Features. Key (meters): Cambridge Encyclopedia of Latin America & the Caribbean 3000-5000 1000-3000 500-1000 200-500 sea level-200 8
Prehistoric settlement types Bands: ~30 people per band foragers and fishers Tribes: ~200 people per tribe shifting agriculture Chiefdoms: 5,000 - 60,000 per irrigation: chinampas, terraces States: 100,000 - millions diversified agriculture, complex hierachies, 9
Cultural Types at Contact: Bands, Tribes, Chiefdoms, States Chiefdoms States Tribes Bands 10 Mexican marriage systems: continuity, 1540 - 1779; contrast, 1779-1930 (% women married aged 15 or more years) 1779, 1930, 1960, 1990: censos; 1540 - 850 mujeres nahuas
casadas nocasada 100 90 80 95% Not 70 70% porcentaje 60 50 Married 40
Marriage (at 15) Codex Mendoza, 1540 15: 12 5 complete conjugal families 4 generations, 3 married brothers (1540) Simply an old widow Son Married Married Head Married Son Married 1 yr ago
Married Son, Married 1 yr ago Married Married Son Married Married Niece, 20 Unmrrd Son, 10 Unmrrd 13
Aztec household structure before the spiritual conquest (1540) 1540: Predomina la familia extensa Familias nahuas de pueblos rurales de Morelos Not Head 13% jefe 13% conyugue 24% hijos 50% familiar Spouse 1% sinparen Kin Offspring Extended families were the norm 14
Personal touches - Customize the cover letter for each sponsorship proposal. This is not time for generic looking form letters. If you have a club member who knows the management team, ask them to personally deliver the package and think...
How much? Vocabulaire (French-English) Other useful words and expressions bon(ne) Vous voulez autre chose? Et avec ça? C'est tout. good Would you like anything else? And with that? That's all. Pourquoi?
Others may have been island arcs, submerged crustal fragments, extinct volcanic islands, or submerged oceanic plateaus. Terranes and Mountain Building Accretion and orogenesis As oceanic plates move, they carry embedded oceanic plateaus, island arcs, and microcontinents to Andean-type subduction zones.
Happy Meal," consisting of a salad, water, stepometer, and an exercise booklet. 2005: Net income increases 14% to $2.6 billion, with record annual sales of $20.46 billion. 2005: Chipotle Mexican Grill Inc., in which McDonald's has a 92 percent ownership...
6.5 Pear Deck. Review of Inequalities in Triangles. The largest angle in a triangle is opposite the longest side. The shortest side of a triangle is opposite the smallest angle. The two shorter sides of triangle must add up to...
Listening Skills Advanced Speech Listening vs. Hearing What is the difference? ... experience Faulty Listening Behaviors and Reasons for Poor Listening Habits Insulated listening Defensive listening Ambushing Insensitive listening Criticizing Distractions-three types of noise Cultural ...
Coaching as co-teaching . Written action plans with specifics are non-negotiable parts of the debrief. PAUSE: A Perspective and Some Coaching Frames. o. r. ... You talk less, expect students to talk and work more. You work on on-going cumulative...
Planning. Difficulty setting and achieving goals. Difficulty breaking tasks into manageable . chunks . This is the issue for long term projects.. Or even something as simply as students have choices during the time they are not in small or...
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