The Spectrum of Styles From Command to Discovery The Spectrum of Styles By establishing who makes which decisions, about what, when, and where a skill is to be performed, it is possible to structure eleven landmark styles
Mosston/Ashworth, 1986 Why Use Different Styles? We use different styles in order to better facilitate student learning. Each style has a different strength and is used for a different
purpose. Two Types of Styles Reproductiv e Productive What Are The Reproductive Styles?
Command (A) Practice (B) Reciprocal (C) Self Check (D)
(G) (H) (I) (J) (K) Highlights of the Spectrum Provides a structured framework for possible teaching behaviors/decisions/ practices
The PREMISE of the Spectrum is that all teaching is based on decision making. Either the teacher or the student is making the decision(s). Spectrum gradually provides opportunities for more student decision making. More Highlights of the Spectrum
The Spectrum is divided into two CLUSTERS. Styles A E are the REPRODUCTION styles and F I, the PRODUCTION styles. The first cluster uses more lower-order thinking and the second cluster more high-order thinking. More responsibility is given to students in the second cluster of teaching styles.
Style A - Command Objectives of Style A
Immediate Performance Accuracy & Precision Use of Time Immediate Results Cover More Material Master Subject Matter Exact Replication What are Some Activities
Best Suited To This Style? All Fundamental & Specialized Sport Skills Dance (Square/Folk etc.) Martial Arts Aerobics Calisthenics Archery StyleB Practice
Style B Objectives: Practice and Approximate the tasks as demonstrated /explained. Proficiency depends on amount of practice. Knowledge is obtained through various forms of feedback provided by the teacher (Most often knowledge of
results) Reciprocal Style Style C Interaction Patterns All feedback comes from the observer. Teacher only
interacts with the observer. Doer is only addressed by the observer. T O
D Self Check Style Style D Purpose = self assessment Allows learners to become more self dependent in regards to task mastery.
INCLUSION STYLE Style E or The Slanted Rope Theory Style Style Objectives Objectives
Inclusion of all learners. Accommodation of individual differences Opportunity to enter at ones own ability Determine relationship between aspirations and performance. Student evaluation & modification of
skill performance. Guided Discovery Style F What Does Guided Discovery Do? Uses a series of questions to reach an objective
Discovers the interconnection of steps within a task "DISCOVERS" a target Convergent Production Style G Purposes of Style G To allow students to
discover multiple solutions to a problem and then . . . Decide the one right answer. Only 1 answer is correct. Students can work individually or as a group Divergent Production Style H
Purposes of Style H To allow students to discover multiple solutions to a problem. All solutions are correct. Must extend the production phase Students can work individually or as a group
Expertise in the operation of all Microsoft Office applications and software including Windows 7, Exchange and Outlook . Experience using Active Directory. ... London unis include UEL, Greenwich, QMUL, Uni of West London. Degree apprenticeships nicely linking to apprenticeships ….
anti-competitive agreement concerning bid. submission of a bid (on the basis of the anti-competitive agreement) Applicable also to private procurement procedures (if procedural structure similar to public procurement procedure) What if procurement authority is aware of anti-competitive agreement or has...
Creating bridges, roads, airports, and public buildings - artists, writers and actors - to paint murals, write histories and perform in plays . Spring of 1937 was signs of economic recovery - attempted to balance the budget (against John Meyard...
With ω0 known series is perfectly predictable Review. γ(h) = Cov(Xt ,Xt+h) All angles in [0,π] Case of Rcos(ω0t+φ) φ: U(0,2π), ω0 fixed Solve for f(.) Consider = cos(kω0 ) Answer. Infinite spike at ω = ω0 Spectral density Several...
Normally turned off if high-beams are on . Knowledge Check. Technician A says LED headlights require high-voltage to operate. Technician B says HID headlights use a special high-voltage filament to generate a brighter light. ... Brake light switch input is...
Joseph Goebbels, understood that movies were an excellent way to influence the masses. He created a special propaganda film division. After World War I, the eight-hour workday became common for many Europeans, and people began to have more free time....
Helps shape allegations and whether we like it or not, special interest, SOI, whistleblower cases cannot be forwarded from our office without a formal thumbs up from Counsel on legal. ... Lack of Non-Intel Leader Awareness and Emphasis on IO....