New Testament Survey: Book of Ephesians

New Testament Survey: Book of Ephesians

New Testament Survey: Book of Ephesians A street in Ephesus The City of Ephesus Capital city of Pro-consular Asia Great religious, commercial, and political center of Asia

Great theatreseating capacity of 50,000 Temple of Dianaone of the seven wonders of the world. 342 feet long; 164 feet wide; built of finest marble. Supported by mass of columns 56 feet high. Took 220 years to build! The City of Ephesus The church in Ephesus was established during Pauls second journey (Acts 18:18-21).

Priscilla and Aquila remained there. Paul spent three years preaching there during his third journey (Acts 20:31). Pauls preaching against the heathen gods aroused the people, caused a riot, and endangered his life (Acts 20:16-38). One of the seven churches of Asia addressed in Revelation. Date of Writing

Clearly written while Paul was in prison Paul was imprisoned in three different places: Caesarea, Rome, Ephesus. Weight of evidence indicates this was one of the prison epistles written while Paul was imprisoned in Rome. Date was 62 or 63 A.D. (during the first imprisonment) Purpose of the Letter

From Pauls conversation with the Ephesian elders in Acts 20, we know that apostasy was inevitable. The Church was being threatened by two forms of false doctrine. Judaism Gnosticism Problems evident in all of Asia Minor. They were in danger of returning to the heathen religion from which they had turned away!

Purpose of the Letter Probably intended to be an epistle for churches in Asia Minor area. In Ephesus found in numerous manuscripts. Some seem to believe this may be the Laodicean epistle (Colossians 4:16). Passages like 1:15ff and 6:22 seem to suggest that Paul had a definite group

in mind. Contents and Character Falls naturally into two divisions of about equal length. First argumentative Second practical Gods eternal plan for human redemption through Christ Jesus and the church (1:3-23; 3:8-12).

Human redemption was in Gods mind before He created the world. Fulfilled in the coming of the Savior. Establishment of the church (1:9-14; 3:1-7). Contents and Character Scheme of Redemption for all humanity; no distinction between Jew and Gentile. Both were brought together into ONE body by Christs death on the cross

(2:11-16). Broke down the wall that separated Jews and Gentilesthe Law! Characterized by complete unity in both principle and arrangement (4:1-6). Contents and Character Redemption provided in Gods plan, in all its fullness, can only be enjoyed in His church.

He is the Savior of the body (5:25). He is Head of His church (1:19-23). (2:13-16) 2:19-22 3:13-21 Contents and Character Had been dead in their sins; now redeemed by Gods grace through faith. To continue enjoying this redemption, must continue

to walk in works ordained by God (2:1-10; 4:17-5:13). Admonishes them they cannot be careless and indifferent, but diligent in all their relationships (5:14 6:9). He closes the letter by exhorting them to put on the whole armor of God so they can fight and defeat their enemies (6:10-24). Distinctive Themes

Great epistle concerning Christ and His church. Body of Christ (1:23) Temple of Godhabitation in the Spirit (2:19-22) Family of God (2:19; 3:14,15) The Bride of Christ (5:22-32) Fullness of Him (1:23) Distinctive Themes

Christ and the Church Climax of this discussion (5:22-32) Christs attitude toward His churchHis love for her Christs sacrifice for His churchHe died for her. The vital relationship Christ sustains with the church Distinctive Themes

Plan of Salvation; revealed in the gospel; formulated in Gods eternal purpose Christ as the Savior The mystery revealed in the gospel of Christ The church as the fullness of Christ 3:1-12; 1:3-14 Distinctive Themes WALKCourse of conduct; manner of life

Past, according to the world (2:2) Walk in good works (2:10) Walk worthy of vocation (4:1) Walk not in vanity of our minds (4:17) Walk in love (5:21) Walk as children of light (5:8) Walk as wise (5:15) Distinctive Themes UNITYmade possible through Christs

death One new man making peace (2:15) Reconciled by the cross (2:16) Access by One Spirit to the Father (2:18) Endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in bond of peace (4:3) Distinctive Themes UNITYseven pillars of unity (4:4-6) One GODunity in worship

One LORDunity in authority One SPIRITunity in life One FAITHunity in message One BAPTISMunity in obedience One BODYunity in organization and fellowship One HOPEunity of desire and expectation

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