Name: Islam

Name: Islam

Origins: Began in the Middle East (Saudi Arabia) during the 7th century C.E. Prophet Mohammed started receiving the Quran in 610 C.E. after seeing angel Gabriel who gave him the message of Allah. History:

In 622 Prophet Mohammed began to preach the religion. Khadija (his wife) was the second to convert to Islam. Prophet Mohammed died on June 8th 632 A.D. 1 billion followers worldwide (1/5 of the world population)

10% of followers are Arab All over the world from different countries, color and race. 5 Pillars of Islam: Fast Pray Zakah (Charity)

Hajj (Pilgrimage) Shahada-Profession of the faith (submitting to Islam by saying

( in Arabic) l ilha ill l-Lh, Muammadun raslu l-Lh) Started: In the Arabian Peninsula in the cities Mecca and Medina, which is present day Saudi Arabia. Spread over time:

7th century-Middle East, North Africa, Persia & Afghanistan. 8th century-Spain & Central Asia 10th-13th century-Turkey, sub-Saharan Africa, India, Malaysia, Indonesia. 14th-16th century-China, Philippines, Eastern Europe. 20t century-Western Europe & North America.

Islam attracted converts because of the social justice it provided for the needy because in the religion everyone was equal. Merchants played a key role of the spread of Islam because they went as far as Africa and Asia preaching the religion. Caliphates (succssors) kept spreading the

message of Allah. The Ottoman Empire brought it to Eastern Europe. Sects Sunni Shiite Religious Leaders:

Iman- An Islamic leader that leads the prayers in a Mosque. Deities: Allah (God in Arabic) Only one God (Monotheism) Holy Book:

Quran Koran

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