Multiple cognitive capabilities and deficits in children with ...

Multiple cognitive capabilities and deficits in children with ...

mapping the changing face of autism liz pellicano department of experimental psychology, university of bristol outline of talk 1. what we know (and dont know) about autism 2. the michael young prize: what i wanted to tell the public most about autism

3. plans to engage user groups and policymakers in the research process defining autism reciprocal social interaction verbal + nonverbal communication

restricted + repetitive behaviours onset before 36 months fact 1: autism is a hidden condition

fact 2: there is an autism spectrum fact 3: autism is not rare. 1 in every 100 UK individuals lie on the autism spectrum fact 4: it is usually diagnosed around 3

years of age but sometimes much later fact 5: individuals with autism will require lifelong support of varying degree unresolved questions: what causes autism?

understanding autism environme nt genes brain systems cognition behaviour

unresolved questions: how does autism develop across the lifespan? understanding autism brain systems cognition behaviour

developme nt environme nt genes methodological challenges:

the difficulties of developmental (longitudinal) research aims of my 3-year follow-up study 1. to such examine changes symptoms

but studies in in the autism field are rare 2. to examine changes in diagnosis 3. to determine early predictors of later outcome

aim 1. to examine changes in symptoms mean SCQ domain scores across time 10 9 8 7 6 5 4

3 2 1 0 social comm. repet. beh. time 1

time 2 factfinding new 4: 1: childrens it is usually

autistic diagnosed symptoms around 3 years of in improved ageALL butthree sometimes areasmuch

later aim 2. to examine changes in diagnosis time 1 time 2 autism spectrum autism

spectrum n = 37 n = 30 non-spectrum n=7 factfinding new

4: 2: some it ischildrens usually diagnosed symptomsaround 3 years of enormously, improved age but sometimes

to themuch later that 19% of children did extent not meet autism spectrum criteria at follow-up aim 3. to determine early predictors of later outcome internal (child) characteristics:

language intellectual functioning level of symptoms at intake external characteristics: early intervention schooling factfinding new

4: 3: early it is external usually diagnosed rather than around 3 years of factors internal

age but predicted sometimes much later positive outcomes the next step a large-scale longitudinal study but developing this research programme demands a deeper

mission: to involve autistic people and their parents and carers in shaping the research process in collaboration with naomi newman many thanks to ... Kevin Durkin Alana Maley Murray Maybery

Kate Nation Courtenay Norbury Marc Stears Simon Wallace all the children and families who participated in these studies

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