MREA Powerpoint Template (Title)

MREA Powerpoint Template (Title)

ELTR 1223 Survey of Renewable Energy Technology Contemporary Issues Unit Two Source: Use Policy

This material was developed by Timothy J. Wilhelm, P.E., Kankakee Community College, with funding from the National Science Foundation as part of ATE Grant No. 0802786. All

materials in this presentation are designed and intended for educational use, only. They may not be used for any publication Source: or Author, Editors/Reviewers Author:

Timothy J. Wilhelm, P.E., Kankakee Community College Editors/Reviewers/Modifier Chris Miller, Heartland Community College Source: Objectives Students

will be able to define the modern meaning of the word sustainability, in simple, basic terms. Students will be able to discuss the differences between the modern ideas of renewable energy and non-renewable energy. Students will be able to describe

what is meant by the peak oil Source: problem, in simple, basic terms. Objectives Students will be able to describe, in simple, basic terms, what is (are) currently believed to be the primary

cause(s) of global warming and climate change. Students will be, in simple terms, conversant with the pro and con positions regarding the belief in and acceptance of the modern ideas of global warming and climate Source: change.

Objectives Students will be able to describe and discuss, in simple, basic terms, the differences between centralized and distributed energy-infrastructure systems, as well as the current concerns regarding all of the U.S. infrastructure system.

Source: FIRST Lets talk about Sustainability Sustainability Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future

generations to meet their own needs. World Commission on Economic Development. (1987). Our Common Future. England: Oxford University Press. Lets Look at a Few Events from the Not-too-Distant Past 09/06/07 Israeli Air Strike on

Syria Global Warming Creates a New Kind of Crisis Serious Drought in HighPopulation Areas Bridge Collapse The Historic BP Oil Spill

NDM-1 How much do you know about these sustainability issues? Source: How many tons of water does it take to produce 1 ton of grain?

A. 1 ton B. 400 tons C. 1000 tons D. 1300 tons Answer: C - 1000 tons What is the population of the United

States? A. 25 million B. 298 million C. 104 million D. 1.5 billion Answer: B - 298 million How

many cars are there in the entire world fleet? A. 800 million B. 250 million C. 88 million D. 23 million Answer: A 800 million The U.S. food economy uses

as much energy as France does in its entire economy. True or False? TRUE! Contemporary Issues The so-called Peak Oil Problem The so-called Global Warming Crisis

Apparent and suspected Climate Change Increases in the cost of transportation fuel Increases in the cost of electricity Decay of the existing infrastructure The supposed ongoing threat of Terrorism The current financial crisisMortgage Crisisthe bail outs of Freddie Mac and Fannie Maecrisisin the auto inductrygrowing unemployment

What others can you think of? Do the ScienceDo the Math Ask Questions!!! Are the average temperatures of the Earths surface, and/or the atmosphere, and/or the oceans really increasing? If yes, what are the realistic cause-andeffect implications of this temperature rise, and are they good or bad?

If yes, to what degree can this temperature rise be attributed to Human cause? If yes, and if there is Human culpability, is there any realistic expectation that a change in Human habit and activity will diminish, halt, or reverse the temperature rise?

The Impending Energy and Infrastructure Crisis Context and Comments largely on personal experience, personal observations, and personal conclusions. Much of the data is anecdotal, derived from conferences, personal conversations, telephone interviews,

news reports, and internet searches. Its better to heed the signs of life, prepare for the worst and hope for the best, vs ignore the signs of life and pretend the worst cant happen. Based Prophets and Time Monks

Tracking expression of human emotion to predict future events Natural LawCause-and-Effect There are tells available in all

aspects of daily life Can you read the Signs of Life? Does anybody see what I see? Signs of Life #1: Two-Day WORKSHOP

Design of Small-Scale Electric Power Systems July 23rd and 24th, 1998; Cleveland, Ohio T G, Technical Training Group 2 K. James Phillips, Jr., P.E.

Principle engineer for Phillips Engineers and Consultants, Inc. offices in Ohio and California An IEEE Distinguished Lecturer (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) A member of the IEEE-USA Energy Policy Committee, responsible for the development of position paper, and providing technical assistance and testimony for the United States

Congress on energy related matters. Why focus on small-scale power plant design? Does it have anything to do with Y2K? Let me ask you a few questions HA!

When was the last time they built a new electric power plant in your area? What do you see happening in every suburban area of the country?

K. James Phillips, Jr., P.E. (Prophesy Excellence) August, 1998 rolling blackouts in Chicago Remainder of 1998 major blackouts in San Francisco and Maui Multiple outages in 1999 -- Chicago, New Orleans, New York City, New England, New Jersey, Long Island and South Central

States June, 2000 largest planned blackout in California history January, 2001 rolling blackouts within California August 14, 2003 Blackout in Northeast U.S and Canada

Signs of Life #2: FORMAL TESTIMONY The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) March 27, 2001;

Washington, DC Statement of the ASCE before the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife and Water of the Committee on Environment and Public Works on Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Needs.

ASCEs 12 infrastructure categories: Roads, Bridges, Transit, Aviation, Energy, Schools, Drinkable Water, Wastewater, Dams, Solid Waste, Hazardous Waste, and Navigable Waterways. ASCE President Thomas Jackson, told reporters, "We're sliding toward failure and the prospects for improvement are grim." In the September 24, 2003 Edition

of The Guardian US$1.6 trillion needed to bring US infrastructure to an adequate level. Traffic congestion, polluted air and beaches, overcrowded schools, potholes, blackouts, broken water mains and decaying bridges are daily miseries that most everyone has had to confront. These hazards and

disruptions will continue and in some cases worsen, according to the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Just a few summers ago in Kankakee, IL Water

main break Hundreds of homes without water for multiple days; Water main just gave out because it was old; The short section that was repaired is now like new; but The entire remaining length of the water main is still old.

Signs of Life #3: Formal PRESS RELEASES Illinois Deregulates Electric Utilities A

number of years ago, State Representative Phil Novak headed the effort in Illinois to deregulate the electric utilities. Residential electricity is now fully deregulated

Legislated price cap ceased at the end of 2006 $.75/KWHr. by 2030? Signs of Life #4: The New Scientific Debate The Global Warming Debate

BUT Signs of Life #5: Three-Day CONFERENCE SunWize Technologies, Inc. Dealer Conference November,

2002; Camarillo, California Panel Discussions, Professional Presentations, and Vendor Presentations Representatives from Shell Solar gave a presentation and a tour of their Camarillo facility

Shell had just recently purchased A few folks in the audience boo-ed Yah-h-h, I know what some of you ex-hippies are thinkin

Shell is no longer just an oil company We know better than anybody how much oil is left in the groundand Im gonna tell ya Twenty-Seven Years Okay, maybe a little more than twenty-seven years, but Possibly

little or no gasoline available $6/gallon, or more, if any Remaining petro-fuels priority allocated Alternative alternative!

Energy? There is no Signs of Life #6: A fifty year old prediction The Peak-Oil Problem Marion King Hubbert

Shell Oil Geologist/ Petroleum Scientist 1949 projected short historical oil period

1956 - predicted 1970 as the U.S. Peak Oil year 1969 - predicted World Peak Oil year 2000

The Air Mattress Problem The Peak Oil Problem implies we have pulled out of the Earth approximately half of the available petroleum (crude oil and natural gas) available, and

The other half will be much harder to extract and will not meet the growing world demand within the On a cumulative basis, we have pumped almost 1 trillion barrels of

oil, and estimates for total recoverable oil are about 2 trillion barrels or a little more. Financial Planning Magazine (Oct. 2005) Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community

How Much Two Trillion Barrels? Consider the Great Lakes Covering more than 94,000 square miles, combined they hold an estimated 6 quadrillion

gallons of water. 6 Quadrillion = 6 + fifteen 0s 6,000,000,000,000,000 Divide that by 42 (gal/barrel)

= 143,000,000,000,000 = 143 trillion barrels of water Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community How Much Two Trillion Barrels? 2 Trillion barrels is the

equivalent to 1.4% of the volume of the great lakes. Less than the size of Green Bay!

Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community The Potential Impact on American Society During the last 100 years, the economies of the Western world have been predicated on the assumption of continual growth.

Cheap energy (oil) is the fuel that has driven this model. The model of continual growth cannot be maintained. Our world will change.

Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community Cant we just keep drilling and discover more oil No new, huge fields have been discovered since deposits? the 1960s.

2003 was the first year in decades in which no new discovery of at least 500 million barrels was reported. (World oil consumption in 2005 84 million barrels per day) The worlds annual production/consumption has

exceeded annual discoveries for over 25 years. Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community In the 1970s the deepest offshore wells were drilled in 600 feet of water. Today, a Chevron well in the Gulf of Mexico draws oil from 10,011 feet

below the surface. Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community What the Experts Say Both sides in the peak oil controversy agree that oil is a finite resource and that every year, the world consumes more oil than it

discovers. But those are about the only things they agree upon. David J. Lynch, USA TODAY 10/16/2005 Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community What the Experts Say

But one conclusion is irrefutable: The age of cheap oil is definitely over, and even as our appetite for it seems insatiable (with world demand likely to grow 50 percent by 2025), petroleum itself will end up downsizing.

Today, not only is oil getting harder to find in economically exploitable form, but the use of what remains is contra-indicated by the hard reality of global warming. Even if we had ample oil, in the long run wed need to find a new, more sustainable way of living anyway.

David J. Lynch, USA TODAY Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community What the Experts Say In recent months the peak oil camp has received support from some fairly sober

quarters including the U.S. government. A 91-page study prepared in February 2005 for the Energy Department concluded: "The world is fast approaching the inevitable peaking of conventional world oil production ... a problem unlike any yet faced by modern industrial

society." Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community What the Experts Say If world crude-oil production hits peak and then falls within the next five to 10 years, would America be ready? The answer is, almost

certainly not. Christian Science Monitor 11/9/05 Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community Source: Michael Brownlee and William Wilson, Center for Sustainable Community

Is this the energy curve of modern history? Ultimately, the energy-intensive industrial age may be little more than a blip in the course of human history. Where is the oil?

Where is it from? Signs of Life #7: TERRORIST ATTACK The first attack on U.S. soil since Pearl Harbor

September 11, 2001; New York City, Washington DC, Pennsylvania. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security tells us the threat of another attack against U.S. citizens,

on U.S. soil, still exists. What does all this mean? What are the cause-and-effect implications? What can be done? How can it be done? At the SunWize Conference, Shell shared some tough

news, but they also have strategies Hydrogen Hydrogen combustion Fuel cells The country of Iceland as a model, hydrogen-based energy economy

According to the Worldwatch Institute Iceland -- partnering with DaimlerChrysler, Shell, and Norsk Hydro are working to make the island nation the world's first hydrogen economy, replacing

petroleum in its buses, cars, and fishing boats over the next 30 years. South Wilmington Sportsmans Club beach. Bathhouse with 700 gpd, building-integrated solar hot water system is on the left end on the photo. Closer look at the SWSC bathhouse with solar hot water system.

Note that solar absorber plates are recessed below roof surface and glazing is flush with roof surface building integrated solar thermal. Pergola built attached to residence with

E-W facing roof. PV array mounted on top of pergola. Design and installation by Wilhelm Engineering. 5KW PV installation near Gurnee Mills, IL just south of Wisconsin border. Ask yourself a few questions

What impact would $6/gal gasoline have on your personal budget? What impact would $.25/KWHr electricity have on your household expenses? What impact might utility service interruptions have on your ability to function at your job? What impact would higher energy costs have on your future salary negotiations? What other implications can you think of?

Our governmental representatives (and we ourselves) must become proactive sensible planning is needed NOW Planning to accommodate to coming challenges.

Planning to keep both the public and private sectors of the establishment vital and effective in serving the public need. Planning to make the changes necessary to sustain peace, security, Whats needed? We

need a larger body of thinking people with appropriate technical skills. We need our general population to have a higher understanding of applied math, science, and technology principles to be more technologically self-sufficient. We need to prepare the next generation to successfully transition

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