Mr. Lipman'S Ap Government Powerpoint

Mr. Lipman'S Ap Government Powerpoint

MR. LIPMANS AP GOVERNMENT POWERPOINT CHAPTER 6-CIVIL RIGHTS 14th Amendment Empowers the government to protect the rights of its citizens Intended to protect freed slaves, it has now been interpreted to protect many more

Out growth of Civil Rights Act of 1866 which was first time a veto was overridden Needed because Bill of Rights did not apply to states according to Barron v. Baltimore Protections of the 14th Due Process opportunity to be heard fairly Equal Protection everyone treated the

same Privileges and Immunities-All citizens of all states have same rights {Dont Eat Peas} Substantive Due Process vs. Procedural Due Process

Substantive= Rights you have when you wake up in the morning Procedural= Rights you have when you enter the legal system or a legal situation Early History 1883 Civil Rights Cases:

Congress can only prohibit government discrimination based on race, not private individuals even if it concerned public accommodations (ex: Jim Crow) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Separate but Equal is Constitutional

Brown v. Board of Ed (1954) how effective has it been? see debate question on p. 210 Brown v. Board of Ed II (1955)- all deliberate speed Little Rock and 1957 Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Johnsons legacy to JFK)changes govt approach to issue of

equality Voting Rights Act of 1965 (giving a true voice) Womens Rights Movement The 1960s see 3 major events: JFK commission on status of women Civil Rights Act included ban on sexual discrimination

Betty Friedans The Feminine Mystique Roe v. Wade expanding rights of women further Court Rules on 14th-A Refresher Lowest Level of Scrutiny: Rational Relationship and burden on plaintiff Medium Level of Scrutiny: Law must serve important govt objective and be substantially

related to that objective {sexual discrimination ex: Reed v. Reed and parental rights} Strict Scrutiny: If law involves a suspect class or a fundamental right then law will be upheld ONLY if state can show there is a compelling reason and law is necessary to accomplish the goal and is the least restrictive means available

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION Dejure v. Defacto segregation Bakke v. California (1978)- no strict quotas Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)- 2 cases Race can be a consideration by a college but no use of automatic points because of your race Louisville and Seattle School District Cases (2007)

NATIVE AMERICAN ISSUES Distinct government under our constitution Tribal lands are essentially foreign nations To settle land disputes states have resorted to allowing Indians to build casinos in exchange for a portion of the profits. Indians do not get the vote until 1924

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