Mouvement de l'Open Access

Mouvement de l'Open Access

Mouvement de lOpen Access : retour sur 10 ansdinitiatives StevanHarnad Universit du Qubec Montral University of Southampton, UK 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Quest-cequelaccslibre (OA)? Laccs: o o o o o

02/26/20 gratuit, immdiat permanent en-ligne aux articles (28K revues) Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

1970 internet 1980 archivage et partage FTP anonyme 1990 web 1991 arxiv 1994 proposition subversive 1999 oai 2000 eprints 2001 boai

2003 premires obligations OA universitaire 2004 recommandation RU Select Committee 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Croissance de lavantage de Citation OA 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech La voieverte et la voiedore o

o 02/26/20 Auto-archivageaccslibre Revues accslibre Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech La voieverte o 02/26/20 Auto-archivageaccslibre

Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Impact cycle begins: 12-18 Months Research is done Researchers write pre-refereeing Pre-Print

Submitted to Journal Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts PeerReview Pre-Print revised by articles Authors Refereed Post-Print Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal 02/26/20

New impact cycles:New research builds on existing research Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Impact cycle begins: 12-18 Months Research is done Researchers write pre-refereeing

Pre-Print Submitted to Journal Pre-Print reviewed by Peer Experts Peer-Review Pre-Print revised by articles Authors Post-Print is self-archived in Universitys Eprint Archive Refereed Post-Print Accepted, Certified, Published by Journal

Researchers can access the Post-Print if their university has a subscription to the Journal More impact cycles: New impact cycles: New research builds on 02/26/20

Paris: Arts et Mtiersexisting ParisTechresearch Il yabondamentdarchives 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech % OA Global 2005-2010 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech La voiedore o 02/26/20 Revues accslibre Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Revues OA

02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech % OA Dor par domaine (2004-2011) 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Simulation: Croissance des articles OA Dor Taux de croissance du nombre d'articles de 3,5% partir de 2013 Taux de croissance du OA Dor de 23.88% partir de 2013

La voieverteet la voiedore 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech % OA par Domaine 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech OA Vert, Dor & Retard: Comparaison des % avec et sans pondration par poids du domaine

02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech % OA Vert pour Instutions Mandates vs NonMandates 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Benefit/Cost comparisons for the UK

(GBP millions over 20 years and benefit/cost ratio) Transitional Model Benefit / Cost Costs Savings Benefits Increased returns

OA Publishing in HE OA Repositories in HE (Green OA) OA Repositories in HE (Overlay Services) OA Publishing Nationally OA Repositories Nationally (Green OA) OA Repositories Nationally (Overlay Services) Scenario (Worldwide OA) 1,787 189 1,558 2,079 237 1,831

2,990 67 2,990 3,479 96 3,479 615 615 615 850 850 850 2.0 3.6

2.3 2.1 4.0 2.4 OA Publishing in HE OA Repositories in HE (Green OA) OA Repositories in HE (Overlay Services) OA Publishing Nationally OA Repositories Nationally (Green OA) OA Repositories Nationally (Overlay Services) 1,787 189 1,558

2,079 237 1,831 5,198 786 5,198 6,054 1,132 6,054 615 615 615 850

850 850 3.3 7.4 3.7 3.3 8.3 3.8 Ratio Scenario (UK Unilateral OA) Note: Compares Open Access alternatives against subscription publishing of national outputs, with costs, savings and

increased returns expressed in Net Present Value over 20 years (GBP millions).Returns are to public sector and higher education R&D spending. HE = Higher Education. 02/26/20 Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Centre for Strategic Economic Studies Situation actuelle o o 02/26/20

Les fondsinstitutionnels pour la publication sontverrouillsdans les abonnements de revues de moins en moinsabordable Le cot de lOAdorestinabordable payer lOAdorcest payer double Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Scenario de transition 1. Politiquedautoarchivageobligatoire (universits et bailleurs de fonds) 2. OA vert 100% 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 02/26/20 Annulation des abonnements Fin des versions imprimes et en-ligne et leursfrais Archivage et diffusion par les dptsinstitutionnels Conversion lditionOA dor Libration des fondsdabonnement pour payerlOAdor Paris: Arts et Mtiers ParisTech Merci!

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