Motivating Active and Group Learning Steve Wolfman University of Washington CCSC-NW 2002 Why Active and Group Learning? t
Flagging attention [McConnells meds, Blighs heart rate/memory] Critical/Higher-order thinking [Blooms Taxonomy] Varied learning styles [Felders Learning Styles] Constructivist knowledge building ZoPeDs [Vygotskys Zones of Proximal Development] Communicating ideas Steve Wolfman - UW 2 Why worry about motivation? Help students understand why active and group learning Get students to
t Engage Connect Communicate Interact Steve Wolfman - UW 3 Rules of Thumb for Motivation
Disclose your reasons Diversify your exercises Make engaging exercises Design for groups Steve Wolfman - UW t 4 Rule of Thumb #1: Disclose Tell students what you and they are doing and why; follow up!
t first day shout learning styles descriptions [Thomas et al.] explaining group work/learning styles results [Deibel] problems w/motivation w/out explicit follow-up Steve Wolfman - UW 5 Rule of Thumb #2: Diversify Embrace diversity in your problems, your
students solutions, and in your students. t data structures problems [Deibel] syntactic salt little sister CAT [VanDeGrift] prime words Steve Wolfman - UW 6 Rule of Thumb #3: Make engaging problems Create problems with intrinsic interest.
t disequilibration [Reed] Lets Make a Deal, board problem experimentation Sort Detective [Levine] real-world connection execution time w/out loops, real clients in SE group atmosphere game shows, show-and-tell Steve Wolfman - UW
7 Rule of Thumb #4: Design for groups Encourage interdependence in groups [Johnson&Johnson, Felder&Brent] t challenging problems resource interdependence Jigsaw Learning, Latent Jigsaw [Deibel] variety of perspectives gender/diversity issues
Corollary: get to know your students! Steve Wolfman - UW 8 Bonus Rule of Thumb: Manage Expectations t Steve Wolfman - UW 9 References t
Jeffrey McConnell on Active Learning Johnson and Johnson on Cooperative and Collaborative Learning Dave Reed on disequilibration David Levine on experimentation Eric Roberts on engaging the group Steve Wolfman - UW 10
Traditional advertising. Overt induced 2. Information sourced from a travel agent. Covert induced 1. Blatant celebrity endorsement on traditional advertising. Covert induced 2. Disguised celebrity endorsement through seemingly unbiased reports, such as mass media editorial articles or product placement. Autonomous
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