Moral Doctrines and Moral Theories Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life Chapter 4 The Experience Machine, Nozick What
matters to us, apart from having pleasant conscious experiences? First, we want to actually do certain things. Second, we want to be a certain kind of people. The Experience Machine, Nozick
Third, we do not want to be limited to a man-made reality. The Judeo-Christian Tradition Genesis:
Creation and Fall Exodus: The 10 Commandments and other moral prescriptions for Israel Psalms: Happiness in knowing and following God The Judeo-Christian Tradition The
Sermon on the Mount: Human fulfillment through an inner moral and spiritual transformation Morality is Based on Gods Commands, Mortimer The
Divine Command Theory of Ethics: Gods will determines what is right and what is wrong. The ethical person is both merciful and just. Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion, Arthur The
Nature of Morality The Nature of Religion What is the connection between morality and religion? Why Morality Does Not Depend on Religion
Religion might motivate moral behavior. Perhaps God provides us with moral knowledge. Arthurs rejection of these 2 claims Why Morality Does Not Depend on
Religion The Euthyphro Dilemma Of Benevolence, Hume Hume believes that all knowledge is based on experience. Morality is grounded in our human sentiments.
Benevolence is the key moral sentiment. The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas, Le Guine Le Guines description of the happiness of the many in Omelas
Le Guines description of the misery of the one child The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas Why do some people walk away from Omelas? What implications does this have for
the credibility of utilitarianism? Utilitarianism, Mill Mills Principle of Utility Mills Definition of Happiness There is a difference between the higher and lower pleasures. How do we discover which pleasures
are better? A Critique of Utilitarianism, Williams Utilitarianism sometimes might require us to do the wrong thing.
The case of George The case of Jim and Pedro A Critique of Utilitarianism Integrity and the value of our deeply held projects pose problems for utilitarianism.
Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative, Kant Kant believes that only a good will is unconditionally good. The person of good will does her duty for dutys sake.
Kant contd. Kants analysis of the moral worth of actions: impulse, reason, and duty. Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives The Categorical Imperative: act only on that maxim whereby thou canst at
the same time will that it should become a universal law. The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy, Sommers Introduction: religion, morality, and
the Holocaust Doing wrong vs. wrongdoing The rationalist approach to morality, e.g. Kant The Holocaust and Moral Philosophy The
sentimentalist approach to morality, e.g. Hume Moral philosophy should prohibit cruelty to sentient non-persons. A Critique of Kantianism, Taylor The problem with many moral
philosophers is their lack of appreciation for the pain and sorrow that exist in the world. Such moralists focus on solving abstract philosophical problems. A Critique of Kantianism Kant failed to realize that there may
be no true morality. Kants theory is divorced from concrete human nature and experience. We must find moral answers that work.
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