Montgomery County Public Schools School-Wide Positive ...
Montgomery County Public Schools School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports Mike Muempfer PBIS Specialist Montgomery County Public Schools [email protected] Mike Muempfer (background information) Father and Husband Children: 3 boys: Max (11), Zach (11), Troy (6) Wife: Ericka (Cultural Anthropologist at Johns Hopkins University) Work Experience PBIS Specialist MCPS
6 years School Climate Specialist at Johns Hopkins University Partnership with MSDE and Sheppard Pratt PBIS Implementation throughout MD Other various EBP interventions throughout MD National PAX GBG Trainer (Classroom management) 10 years as a classroom teacher in Baltimore City Classroom/Behavior Management Coach in Baltimore City My Family Goals for the workshop Understand the philosophy of the PBIS system and the PAX Good Behavior Game Learn how PBIS and PAX are implemented in schools Collect and implement
strategies on how to use PBIS in the home and community I Believe I believe that parents are the childs first and most important teacher. I believe that the schools cannot do it alone. I believe that we must work as a team. What is PBIS? Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a framework for a school that supports a positive school climate and positive behavior in school. Implemented in 109
MCPS Schools What is PBIS ? PBIS is a pro-active reinforcement based system rather than a reactive consequence based system. The focus is teaching behaviors that lead to academic success. Praise is a powerful strategy that supports generalization Praise is vital for effective PBIS implementation. Proactive towards student success! PBIS works on creating a proactive approach teaching students the expectations through: Modeling expected behavior Matrixes
Direct Social Skills Instruction Teachable Moments Can we MAKE students behave? We cant make kids learn or behave, but we have the power to increase the likelihood by creating a positive environment and teaching. In other words, PBIS aims to improve school climate. The Basics Behavior is learned Do not assume children know your rules, expectations, or social skills Every social interaction you have with a child teaches him/her something The Basics
Behavior communicates need: Children engage in behavior(s) to "get" what they find reinforcing or to "avoid" what they find aversive Behavior = Communication Every behavior has a function: Escape Attention Tangible Desires (food, item, activity) Control We have the Power Our reaction to a particular situation can escalate or de-escalate behavior Control Environmental Factors Control Task Presentation Eliminate Emotional Cues Avoid a Spiral of Conflict
If a child doesnt know how to read, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to swim, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to multiply, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to drive, we teach. If a child doesnt know how to behave, we... teach? punish? Why cant we finish the last sentence as automatically as we do the others? The bottom line: Teaching Teach Expectations Teach Routines and Procedures
PBIS Matrix at School Provide initial lesson plans and/or lesson plan format to teach specific behaviors identified on the Matrix CAFETERIA Be on time Keep my area clean Dress appropriately
Keep my place in line Use good manners Dispose of food in the proper manner Use good manners Use appropriate voice level Listen to announcements Be prepared to leave on Why Develop a System for Teaching Behavior? Behaviors are prerequisites for academics. Procedures and routines create structure. Repetition is key to learning new skills.
For a child to learn something new, it needs to be repeated on average of ?8 Times (Joyce and Showers, 2006) Adults average ? 25 (Joyce and Showers, 2006) For a child to unlearn an old behavior and replace with a new behavior, the new behavior must be repeated on average ? 28 times (Harry Wong) Biggest misconception of PBIS is the recognition system
Difference between bribery and recognition Tickets are not designed to change student behavior Tickets are designed to change adult behavior Ticket designed to prompt conversation (relationship building) Conversation/relationship changes the behavior What matters is the positive social engagement (know your students) Not used as general praise PBIS at Home Helps to build a school and home connection Teaching and re-teaching behavioral expectations Positive acknowledgment
Improved behavioral outcomes The importance of the home, school, community connection PBIS can be implemented in the home and community settings. By connecting PBIS at home and school your child gets: Consistency Common language Additional applications of important social/behavioral skills PBIS at Home Breakdown To implement PBIS in the home and community,
follow these four steps: 1. Set expectations in advance 2.Communicate/teach the expectations 3.Positively reinforce when expectations are met 4. Have a plan to give additional support when expectations are not met Set Your Expectations in Advance Simply put, ask yourself, what is it I want my child to be able to do during dinner or at the movie theatre? Knowing your child, set your expectations in a way that is visible and
other people could understand if they read it A home/community matrix is a tool to use when completing this step Communicate/Teach the Expectations Just like any other skill, we must teach our expectations to our children The most effective and usually easiest way to teach expectations is through modeling them ourselves Some other methods to use are:
Social stories or books You Tube or other videos Siblings/other children modeling Use the additional community resources for help with this step Positive Reinforcement when Expectations are Met We want to hear when we did a good job and so do our children Two big areas to plan and practice are: What reinforcers should you use How often should you
reinforce (frequency) Selecting a Reinforcer Using a reinforcement inventory is one way to identify reinforcers for your child It is important to identify both small and large reinforcers for your child Example of small: token board Example of large: TV time Frequency of Reinforcement This is the trickiest part of the whole process Through knowing your child and
some trial and error a plan will be created on how often a child needs to be positively reinforced The goal is for independence so the less you can reinforce the better Usually when starting the process you will need to reinforce often and in time can lessen the amount The home/community PBIS chart is a way to give reinforcement Additional Support What is the plan if the expectations are not met? Re-teach the expectation Give additional prompting or support for success
Time for consequences for their actions Not receiving the reinforcer until expectations are met PBIS is not 100% effective It would be great if it was but the PBIS system data shows it is effective about 80-85% of the time The school PBIS team is looking to work together with you in learning from each other in specific workshops designed address specific behavior topics such as:
Accepting No Transitions Prompting Task Analysis My Familys Matrix Respect Ourselves Muempfer Family Matrix At Home
Listen to Parents Be Honest Use manners Respect Family Members Morning Wake-Up at Appropriate
Time Brush Teeth After Breakfast Homework Meals Quiet Space
Get Materials Ask for Help Read Carefully Take My Time Make Healthy Choices Take My Time Use Manners
In Car Wear Seatbelt ALWAYS!! Do Not Distract Driver
Play Bedtime Limit Screen Time Go Outside Be Active Be Safe
8+ Hours of Sleep Go to Bed OnTime Respect Property Share Be Kind Help Each Other Golden Rule
Say Good Morning Use Kind Words Help Each Other Keep Hands to Self Do Not Disturb Others Be Kind Help Each Other
Use Manners Set Table Appropriate Conversations Use Inside Voice Use Inside Voice Keep Hands to Self Share Share Sportsmanship Be a Role Model Help Each Other
Do Not Disturb Others Shower
Clean-Up When Finished Use Equipment Properly Ask for Help Make Bed Use Equipment Properly Clean-Up (room, dishes, bathroom, etc.)
Get Rid of Distractions Use Equipment Properly Clean-up Use Utensils Properly Clean-up When Finished Keep Car Clean No Throwing Items Use Equipment Properly Use Equipment Properly Be Safe
No Electronics No RoughHousing Clean-Up PAX Good Behavior Game Evidence Based Classroom Practice PAXIS Institute (goodbehaviorgame.org) www.PubMed.gov My testimonial: Most effective behavior management tool Ive ever used in my classroom. Easiest behavior management tool Ive ever used in my classroom. Impulsive Behavior/Self-Regulation
The ability to self-regulate (self-control) is a more accurate predictor to future academic success than a reading level The PAX Good Behavior Game is a classroom strategy that helps kids learn how to selfregulate while they are participating in their daily lessons How does PAX create self-regulation? Daily group intrinsic, activity rewards for prosocial behavior Written Tootles from peers & adults 75% to 85% reduction in disturbing, disruptive, aggressive peer behaviors every
day. Low rates of negative peer reinforcement. Lower rates exposure to exclusion & tattling Lower exposure to bullying & trauma Lower exposure to harsh adult actions Increased ability to change the social environment More ability to treat upsets lightly How Do Teachers Create These?
Razza, R. A., Martin, A., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2012). The Implications of Early Attentional Regulation for School Success among Low-Income Children. J Appl Dev Psychol, 33(6), 311319 How do all these skills change a childs future? Create a Wonderful School Vision with your students from Chapter 8 Prep Step 7 Page 41 Copyright 2011-13, PAXIS Institute. Only for use by accredited PAX GBG Coaches and licensed by PAXIS.
PAX & SPLEEMS Pax: Peace, productivity, health, and happiness. Actual word. Spleem: Anything that prevents PAX. Completely made up word. No negative connotation No labeling/defining the behavior Easier for students to generalize Reduces negative visual stimulation Page 101 Now Nowyou
youknow knowthe the PAX PAXingredients. ingredients.Now Now make makethe therecipe. recipe. Please Pleaseopen openthe the book bookto tothis thispage. page.
Copyright 2011-13, PAXIS Institute. Only for use by accredited PAX GBG Coaches and licensed by PAXIS. A PAX Brain Dopamine synthesized in VTA associated with PAX & Self-Regulation The Game and Cues dampen fear and anxiety reactions Read the Preface in the manual for info on the brain and PAX. Peer expectations of PAX create goal setting in
Prefrontal Cortex Grannys Wacky Prizes pair self-control with PAX in reward center PAX Signals safety to the Amygdala Daily repetition of Game & Cues encode memory of self-control & self-regulation Alarm circuits dampened in Locus Coeruleus by PAX cues, kernels & game Copyright 2011-13, PAXIS Institute. Only for use by accredited PAX GBG Coaches and licensed by PAXIS. Longitudinal Johns Hopkins Studies of GBG Kindergarden Every
child rated by teachers First Grade GBG NO GBG Tested in 41 firstgrade classrooms within 19 elementary schools with two consecutive groups of first graders. Grades 2 thru 12 Follow Up
Young Adulthood Follow Up No More GBG Age 1921 Age Age 26 30 No GBG Age 1921 Age Age 26 30
Purpose: To find out if GBG affected their adolescent lives. Note: Some kids got GBG in 1st Grade only, and some in both 1st & 2nd grade, Purpose: To find out if GBG affected their adult lives. Timeline of Benefits First Month More time for teaching and learning
Less stress for Staff & Students First Year Better Attendance Fewer Referrals Fewer Service Needs Less Illness Happier Families
Less Vandalism Better Academics 2nd & 3rd Years ADHD Reduction Oppositional Defiance Reduction Special Education Decrease 5-15 Years
No Tobacco Less Alcohol Less Conduct Disorders Less Depression Less Crime, Violence, Suicide Copyright 2011-13, PAXIS Institute. Only for use by accredited PAX GBG Coaches and licensed by PAXIS. High School Grad &
University Beliefs and Facts Parent values are instilled in our youth tell your children everyday to say I can do anything! 7,200 students dropout daily in the US A 4 year college graduate makes 1 million dollars more in their lifetime than a high school graduate. Teach your child to develop goals Children laugh 400 times a day Adults laugh 15 times per day Some things we know but often forget: Our role is to teach, not criticize. They are our children, put them first.
Mood affects learning, keep it positive. The power of praise can affect our childrens futures. Make a difference in the life of our children by teaching them to look for the good in all. Praise (specifically) often and build a positive future for our children. A Final Thought People often say that motivation doesnt last. Well, neither does bathing. Thats why we recommend it daily. Zig Zigler Questions Resources
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