Module- VI - Notes Milenge

Module- VI - Notes Milenge

Amity School of Business Module- VI Company Accounts Shares Amity School of Business A unit of ownership that represents an equal proportion of a company's capital. It entitles its holder (the shareholder) to an equal claim on the company's profits and an equal obligation for the

company's debts and losses. The share capital consists of preference shares and equity shares Amity School of Business A preference shareholder has following 2 privileges: 1. A right to receive dividend at a given rate before any dividend is paid to equity shareholders. 2. Right to repayment of capital in the event of winding up of the company before the capital to equity shareholders are repaid.

Types of Preference Shares Amity School of Business Cumulative preference share Non Cumulative preference share Participating preference share

Non Participating preference share Convertible preference share Non Convertible preference share Issue Of Shares Amity School of Business Shares can be issued at: a. At par b. At Premium c. At Discount Issue of Shares at a Premium

Amity School of Business Section 78 of the companies Act restricts the use of the amount collected as premium on shares for the following purposes: in paying up unissued shares of the company to be issued to members of the company as fully paid bonus shares; Amity School of Business in writing off the preliminary expenses of the company;

in writing off the expenses of, or the commission paid or discount allowed on, any issue of shares or debentures of the company; or in providing for the premium payable on the redemption of any redeemable preference shares or of any debentures of the company Issue of Shares at a Discount Amity School of Business A company may issue at a discount shares

in the company, if the following conditions are fulfilled, namely: the issue of the shares at a discount is authorized by a resolution passed by the company in general meeting the resolution specifies the maximum, rate of discount at which the shares are to be issued Amity School of Business not less than one year has at the date of the issue elapsed since the date on which the company was entitled to commence business; and the shares to be issued at a discount are

issued within two months after the date on which the issue is sanctioned by the Company Law Board Debentures Amity School of Business Debenture is a document given by a company as evidence of debt to the holder usually arising out of a loan and most commonly secured by a charge. It is given in the form of certificate of indebtedness by the company specifying the date of redemption and interest rate.

Amity School of Business The rate of interest is fixed at the time of issue itself which is known as Coupon rate of interest. Interest is paid as a percentage of the par value of the debenture and may be paid annually, semi- annually or quarterly. The company has the legal binding to pay the interest rate. Redemption date: it would be specified in the issue. The maturity period may range for 5 to 10 years in India. Redemption is done through a creation of sinking fund by the company.

Kinds Of Debentures Amity School of Business Debentures are classified on the basis of the security and convertibility: Secured or Unsecured, Fully convertible or Partially convertible debentures. Zero-coupon debentures Cumulative convertible debentures Amity School of Business

Issue of Debenture takes various forms which are as under : Debentures issued for cash Debentures issued for consideration other than cash Debentures issued as collateral security. Further, debentures may be issued (i) at par, (ii) at premium, and (iii) at discount Amity School of Business Debentures issued for cash at par : Following journal entries will be made : (i) Application money is received

Bank A/c Dr To Debentures Application A/c (Application money received for Debentures) (ii) Transfer of debentures application money to debentures account Debentures Application A/c Dr To Debentures A/c (Application money transferred to debenture account on allotment) Amity School of Business (iii) Money due on allotment

Debentures Allotment A/c Dr To Debentures A/c (Allotment money made due) (iv) Money due on allotment is received Bank A/c Dr To Debentures Allotment A/c (Receipt of Debenture allotment money) At Premium Amity School of Business Debentures are said to be issued at

premium when these are issued at a value which is more than their nominal value Journal entry will be as follows : Debentures Allotment A/c Dr To Debentures Account To Securities Premium A/c (Amount due on allotment along with premium of Rs ....) At Discount Amity School of Business When debentures are issued at less than

their nominal value they are said to be issued at discount. Journal entry for issue of debentures at discount (at the time of allotment) Debentures Allotment A/c Dr Discount on issue of debentures A/c Dr To Debentures A/c (Allotment money due. The amount of discount is at Rs .... per debenture) Amity School of Business When a company purchases some assets and issues

debentures as a payment for the purchase, to the vendors it is known as issue of debentures for consideration other than cash. Accounting Treatment : 1. Purchase of Assets Sundry Assets A/c Dr To Vendors A/c (Purchase of assets) 2. Allotment of debentures Vendors' A/c Dr To Debentures A/c (issue of debentures at par to vendors)

Terms of Redemption Amity School of Business Issue of Debentures with conditions Stipulated to their Redemption (Journal entry) (i) Issued at par redeemable at par Bank A/c Dr To Debentures Account (Issue of debentures of Rs .... at par) (ii) Issued at discount and redeemable at par Bank A/c Dr

Discount on issue of Debentures A/c Dr To Debentures A/c Amity School of Business (iii) Issued at premium redeemable at par Bank A/c Dr To Debentures A/c To Securities Premium A/c (Issue of ... debentures of Rs .... at a premium of Rs ....) (iv) Issue at par, redeemable at premium Bank A/c Dr

Loss on Issue of Debentures A/c Dr To Debentures A/c To Premium on Redemption of Debenture A/c Amity School of Business (v) Issued at discount and redeemable at premium Bank A/c Dr Discount on Issue of Debentures A/c Dr Loss on Issue of Debentures A/c Dr

To Debentures A/c To Premium on Redemption of Debenture A/c (issue debentures at a discount of Rs ... redeemable at a premium of Rs ....) Interest on Debenture Amity School of Business The rate of interest per annum are payable to the debenture holders by the companies after every six months. Journal entries that are made in the books of the company are as follows:

(i) Payment of Interest on Debentures Debenture Interest A/c Dr To Bank A/c (Interest on ....% Debentures paid for six months ending [email protected] ....% pa) Amity School of Business (ii) Transfer of Debenture Interest to Profit and Loss A/c Profit and Loss A/c Dr To Debenture Interest A/c (Debenture Interest transferred to Profit and

Loss A/c) Interest on Own Debentures Amity School of Business When the debentures are purchased before the due dates of the payment of interest, a distinction will have to be made between the capital portion and revenue portion of the price paid for such debentures. There are 2 types of quotations: i. Cum interest price quotations

ii. Ex interest price quotations Cum Interest Price Amity School of Business When the purchase price of the debentures includes the interest for the expired period, the quotation is said to be cum interest. If the company buys on 1 April Rs.20000, 9% debentures of Rs.100 each at Rs.97, cum interest, dates of interest being 30 June and 31 December. The interest for the expired period is:

20000 x 3 x 9 =Rs. 450 100 x 12 Amity School of Business The payment therefore includes i. Payment for capital portion Rs. 18950 ii. Payment for interest Rs. 450 Entry will be: 9% Debenture Account Dr. 20000 Debenture Interest Account Dr. 450 To Bank 19400

To Profit on Redemption 1050 of debentures Ex Interest Price Amity School of Business When the purchase price of debentures excludes the interest for the expired period, the quotation is said to be ex interest. The accounting entry will be: 9% Debenture Account Dr. 20000

Debenture Interest Account Dr. 450 To Bank 19850 To Profit on Redemption 600 of debentures

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