Mental Health - PC\|MAC

Mental Health - PC\|MAC

Mental Health Powerpoint based on Holts Lifetime Health, 2009; chapters 3-4-5. List what you think are the benefits of having high self-esteem and write a paragraph explaining why you would like to have high self-esteem. Selfesteem

A measure of how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself Speaks up for self Benefits of high selfesteem Respects self &

others Has confidence Tries new things Feels valuable Adjusts to change Optimistic Makes decisions Disrespects self and

others Risks of low self-esteem Vulnerable to peer pressure Doesnt feel valuable

Feels depressed Fears failure Uses drugs & alcohol Development of self-esteem Self-esteem constantly varies Self-concept refers to how you see yourself and directly correlates with self-esteem

How you interpret messages from others shapes how you think about yourself YOU are the only one who has the power to control how you feel about what others say to Improving self-esteem Positive self-talk Act with integrity- the characteristic of doing what you know is right; you dont let people pressure

you into doing things Choose supportive friends Accept yourself; you are not perfect, and thats OK! Section Review 1. Define self-esteem. 2. What is integrity? 3. What are concerns with low self-esteem?

4. What influences the development of self-esteem? 5. How does respecting yourself and your values impact selfesteem? 6. How can you improve your self-esteem? Describe 3 instances of poor communication. Also try to identify WHY the communication failed. Communic

ation Is a process through which two or more people exchange information If the message is not properly sent or is unclear,

misunderstandings can happen. Good communication is important Prevents misunderstandings-- and arguments and hurt feelings Builds healthy relationships-- it affects how people relate to you

Expression of self-- your wants, needs, and feelings Communication styles Passive-does not offer opposition when challenged or pressured; goes along with what others want Aggressive- tends to be hostile and unfriendly when expressing self; not effective and leads to bigger conflict

Assertive- direct and respectful expression; tell people whats up without being confrontational 1. Someone cuts in front of you in line. 2. Your best friend tells one of your secrets. 3. Your boss asks you to work late. For the third night in a row. Responses to various situations- passive, aggressive, & assertive

Speaking skills Voice volume- how loud or soft you speak Tone and pitch- inflection, the emphasis in your voice when you speak conveys your attitude; changing your tone can change the meaning What are you doing? I-messages- way of talking that explains how you feel in a firm, calm, polite manner

Empathy- understanding someone elses feelings I-messages worksheet Think about a conversation in which you became frustrated because you couldnt communicate your point clearly. Analyze what happened, and write a summary of the speaking skills used in that conversation. Explain how you could have improved

that conversation using the recommendations from yesterdays lesson. Telephone activity Listening skills Active listening- letting the speaker know youre paying attention and clarifying anything thats confusing

Paraphrasing- using your own words to restate what someone else has said Body language- nonverbal communication; facial expressions, gestures, and posture Good listening tips DO Maintain eye contact Lean forward

Face the speaker Ask questions Nod your head Paraphrase DONT Interrupt or change the subject Look at your watch

Tap your foot Think about something else Section Review 1. Describe the 3 communication styles. 2. What is empathy? 3. What is active listening? 4. What does good communication have to do with

self-esteem and mental health? Write a 3-5 sentence paragraph about a situation in which someone expresses emotions in a positive and effective way. It can be something you experienced or something you make up. Identify the emotion, describe how it was expressed, and explain why you think that this is a positive example of expressing an emotion effectively.

Mental health State of mental well-being in which a person can cope with the demands of daily life. Good mental

health Having high self-esteem and being able to develop healthy relationships Sense of controltake charge of self Handles failure and frustration

Sees things positively Expresses emotions in a healthy manner have good mental health, they are able to reach selfactualizationthe best that

...but first they have to meet their basic needs. Emotions Are feelings produced in response to life experiences

They are not good or bad in themselves, but how they are expressed can have positive or negative effects. Managing emotions

Talk it out with someone you trust. Blow off steam or release energy through physical activity. Be creative and release tension through writing, drawing, singing, playing a musical instrument, painting, or ceramics. Small group project- write a poem or song in which an emotion is dealt

with in a positive way. Identify 3 different feelings that could hurt someone if they are expressed in a negative way. Write one way to express each of them in a positive way. EXAMPLE: Loneliness- join a club or group; dont wait for people to approach you, take initiative to meet people

Defense mechanisms Unconscious thoughts or behaviors used to avoid experiencing unpleasant emotions Can be helpful for a

short time but in order to effectively manage emotions, people must learn to directly cope with them. Compensation Making up for weakness in one area with strength in

another Daydreaming Imagining pleasant things that take your mind off an unpleasant reality Displacement

Shifting feelings about one person or situation to another Projection Seeing your own faults or feelings in someone else Rationalization Making excuses or justifying behavior

Regression Reacting in a childlike or immature manner Repression Blocking out painful thoughts or feelings

Defense mechanism comic strip Section Review 1. Define self-actualization. 2. Define emotion. 3. Who the heck was Maslow and what does he have to do with good mental health? 4. What does Chuck Norris have to do with defense mechanisms?

5. Summarize the limitations of defense mechanisms. Might not be able to have fun Mental disorders Are illnesses that affect a persons thoughts,

emotions, and behaviors Might not feel good about themselves Could have trouble developing close relationships Might have trouble dealing with everyday routines

Most mental disorders can be treated. Common symptoms of mental disorders Too much or too little sleep Extreme sadness

Unexplained mood changes Inability to concentrate Extreme anxiety or irrational fear Personality changes Common mental disorders Depression- characterized by extreme sadness and hopelessness that hinders everyday activities ADHD- most commonly diagnosed childhood

disorder Anxiety disorders- panic disorders, phobias, and obsessive compulsive disorders are examples Causes of mental disorders Genetic Traumatic or stressful experiences Injury or physical disorder affecting the brain

Treatment of mental disorders Psychotherapy Group therapy Medication Section Review 1. Define mental disorder. 2. Describe common symptoms of mental disorders. 3. Explain what you should do if someone you care

about is experiencing symptoms of mental disorders. 4. What is a common cause of phobias? 5. How can mental disorders be treated? Homelessness and mental health project OR self-esteem and mental health review packet (STP)

Describe 2-3 situations that can cause stress on a regular basis and explain what you do to help manage that stress. EXAMPLE: More than one test on the same day; manage time and study for all of them a few days ahead of time. Stress

The bodys and minds response to a demand Causes of stress A stressor is anything that puts a demand on the body or mind.

Environmental Biological Mental Behavioral Life changes Physical response to stress The fight or flight response Epinephrine is released

Heart beats faster Blood pressure increases Breathing speeds up Eyes widen Muscles tense up Emotional response to stress Eustress- positive stress

Distress- negative stress Alert Nervous Focused

Forgetful Motivated Frightened Energized Confused

Confident Unsure General Adaptation Syndrome Describes the

relationship between stress and disease 1. Alarm- fight or flight response; possible headaches & anxiety 2. Resistance- coping with stress but only

for a limited time 3. Exhaustion- body begins to give in to the stress Rahe stress assessment for teenagers Section Review

1. Compare the terms stress and stressor. 2. Describe different types of stressors. 3. What is the hormone that is released when someone identifies a stressor? 4. Explain how stress can make you sick. Describe five things you do to relax. Write down how much time you spend doing these activities each week.

Managing stress Take care of yourself Change your attitude Exercise regularly Positive self-talk

Get enough rest Be confident Eat right Accept things you cant change

Learn to relax Breathing Manage your time Time management project Section Review

1. Define resiliency. 2. Define prioritize. 3. Describe how a positive attitude can change your response to stress. 4. Explain how you can manage your time more efficiently. List as many types of loss as you can.

you to experience a range of emotions-- this is normal BUT if they dont 1. Denial

Grieving process The journey from loss to recovery 2. Anger 3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance

Monk video clip Remembering loved ones Wake- a ceremony held to allow family & friends view the deceased before the funeral; gives the opportunity to support each other Funeral- ceremony in which the deceased is buried or cremated; friends & family can honor the deceased

Memorial service- similar to a wake or funeral but can take place long after the death Dealing with loss Get plenty of rest but stick to routines Share memories & thoughts about the deceased

Express feelings by crying or through journaling Show support LISTEN If the person seems to be struggling and not making ANY progress,

tell a trusted adult Section Review 1. Describe the grief process. 2. Define funeral. 3. Explain the difference between a wake and a memorial service. 4. How can you help someone else deal with a loss?

GREAT Decision- Nate List myths and facts that you have heard about suicide. Suicide The act of intentionally taking ones own life

Facts about suicide MOST people who attempt suicide dont want to die They feel hopeless & helpless and cant see any other way out of their situation They want to end their emotional pain Many who have considered suicide thought about it only for a brief period in their life MOST who have attempted but failed are grateful to be alive Using drugs & alcohol can put people at risk of acting on their

not happen without warning- ALL talk about suicide should be taken Teens &

suicide Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death for ages 15-24. Physical & emotional changes of adolescence make make teens feel more...

Emotional Impulsive Talk to Stop and parents, think about friends, or a consequences

trusted adult before you act Focused on today Dont use permanent solutions to solve

temporary problems Warning signs for suicide Feeling hopeless Taking more risks Withdrawing from

family & friends Using alcohol & drugs Neglecting basic needs Experiencing loss of energy Giving away personal

things Giving and getting help Take ALL talk of suicide seriously Emphasize that suicide is not the answer to temporary problems Change negative thoughts into positive ones Dont keep a secret

Call the national suicide hotline 1- Section Review 1. Define suicide. 2. Describe why suicide is an especially serious problem for teenagers. 3. Identify the warning signs for suicide. 4. Describe what you can and should do if your friend is thinking about suicide.

Managing stress & coping with loss review packet (STP) Write down as many TV shows, movies, music videos, and games that you can think of that show violence. Describe in a sentence or two your reaction to seeing this violence.

Seeing or experiencing violence can make people Violence Any physical force that is used to harm people or damage property

Apatheticunconcerned for others who have been hurt More violent toward others Factors that lead to conflicts Feeling threatened Unmanaged anger

Lack of respect Bullying- scaring or controlling another person by using threats or physical force Gangs-group of peers who claim a territory Toleranc e The ability to overlook differences and accept people for who they are

Avoiding dangerous situations Recognize the signs- voice tone & volume; clenched fists and teeth; narrowed eyes Calm things down- take deep breaths, count to 10, use I-messages Leave the situation Offer alternatives, make excuses, just get out of there

DO DONT Treat all people with respect Dont make fun of

people who are different from you Join a sports team, acting group, volunteer, or get a job Dont join a gang

Take a self-defense class Dont buy or carry a weapon Learn to control your anger Dont fight someone to solve an argument Conflict

resolution Nonviolent way to deal with disagreement Negotiation is a bargain or compromise for a peaceful solution to a conflict Peer mediation is a strategy in which a

trained outsider who is your age helps people in conflict come to a peaceful resolution Violence in our community/state/country as reported in the local newspaper- class discussion regarding possible factors

that could have led to the conflict and speculation as to how the conflict could have been resolved without Section Review 1. Define tolerance. 2. Define bullying. 3. Describe what can happen to a person who sees or experiences violence on a regular basis.

4. What is peer mediation? 5. Explain how you can avoid dangerous situations. Can take place anywhere Abuse Physical or emotional harm to someone

Most commonly comes from people you SHOULD be able to trust Many forms are illegal Abusers are often former victims

are often controlling, obsessive, jealous, manipulative, selfish, Child abuse

Children are frequent targets because they dont know that something is wrong and they dont know what to do Categorized as physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect- failure to provide basic needs like food, clothing, and love Domestic violence Domestic violence is the use of force to control and

maintain power over a spouse, former spouse, fiance, or girlfriend/boyfriend. Often goes through a three stage cycle: Tension-building- period of emotional abuse with insults and threats Violent episode- physical abuse such as choking, hitting, or using weapons Elder abuse

Elderly people are targets because they are often frail Are neglected in nursing homes or their own homes Often takes the form of physical abuse or emotional abuse Hazing Hazing is harassing newcomers to a group in an

abusive and humiliating way Commonly found to happen when people join sports teams, gangs, fraternities, and sororities Can become illegal when people are assaulted, sexually abused, or humiliated Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is ANY sexual act without consent; can be something done to a victim or something a

victim was made to do or see Sexual harassment is any unwanted remark, behavior, or touch that has sexual content Sexual assault is any sexual activity in which force or the threat of force is used Help after a sexual assault Make sure you are away from further harm Call for help

DO NOT change anything about your body or your environment- preserve the evidence! Do not shower, go to the bathroom, change your clothes, comb your hair Ask someone to take you to the hospital Effects of abuse Depression Low self-esteem Poor appetite or overeating

Low energy or fatigue Poor concentration and difficulty making decisions Difficulty sleeping Protecting yourself from abuse Create a supportive network of friends and family Avoid disrespectful people Be assertive Show disapproval

Help for the abused TELL SOMEONE! Go somewhere safe Consider counseling Section Review 1. Define neglect. 2. Define hazing.

3. Describe five examples of inconsiderate and disrespectful behaviors that abusive people do. 4. Differentiate between sexual abuse, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. 5. Why do you think abused children often have Research local organizations that help victims of abuse and create a brochure that promotes one of these

community resources. Review packet for preventing violence and abuse (STP)

Recently Viewed Presentations